[solved] A multinational company operating in some countries where bribery and kickback payments are an entrenched local custom and are not considered unethical is well-advised to
ignore the underlying principles of the school of ethical universalism. the school of ethical relativism, and integrative social contracts theory and do whatever it takes to avoid impairing the company's financial performance and competitive standing.
follow the principles of the school of ethical relativism in deciding whether to engage in paying bribes or kickbacks.
reject the underlying principles of both the school of ethical universalism and the school of ethical relativism and adopt the principles of integrative social contracts theory.
avoid the payment of bribes and kickbacks in all countries and in all circumstances if the payment of bribes and kickbacks is forbidden in its code of ethical conduct and if top management is serious about enforcing this prohibition.
take the position that it ethically permissible for its personnel to pay bribes and kickbacks in countries where such payments are customary but ethically impermissible for its personnel to make such payments elsewhere.