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Your boss has just reviewed a report

Your boss has just reviewed a report you wrote for a new client. She comments that the report has all the important details, but just isn't convincing enough. She is likely referring to which of the following areas of effective communication?

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  •  The format of your report.

  •  The length of the report.

  •  The accuracy of the report.

  •  The writing style in the report.

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05-12-22 | 22:13:25 pm
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You just delivered a "mock" presentation to

You just delivered a "mock" presentation to your team to practice your communication skills. The team gave very positive feedback on the format, length, and content of your presentation. What should you focus on most to improve your presentation skills?

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  •  Adding more images and graphics to the presentation.

  •  Increasing the amount of details you provide.

  •  Varying your tone during the presentation.

  •  Decreasing the time it take to deliver the presentation.

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30-11-22 | 22:09:07 pm
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You are a Director in the Andrews

You are a Director in the Andrews Company. Your boss called you to inform you that there is a proposed layoff in your department, which would affect three of six of your employees if it takes place. Given the sensitivity of the issue, your boss asks you to keep this information absolutely confidential. Later that day, one of your employees (Shelia) who would be affected stops you in the hallway and says she’s heard rumors about a layoff, remarking, "I’m not going to be fired am I?" Which of the following people best represent the stakeholders for whom you are primarily obligated?

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  •  Your boss and Shelia

  •  Yourself, Shelia and your other employees

  •  Your boss, Shelia and yourself

  •  Your boss, Shelia, and Sheila’s family and yourself

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30-11-22 | 13:22:20 pm
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You’ve just received a complaint from your

You’ve just received a complaint from your best customer that her set of 50 new sensors is overheating and she wants her money back or a significant reduction in the cost. You showed her email to your boss who remarked, "Well, that’s not covered under the service-agreement, and she’s beyond 90 days for returns. We can’t be responsible for customers who abuse the products without regard for proper use as stated clearly in the manual." How would you best characterize this situation?

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  •  This is an ethical dilemma because both the customer and the company have legitimate concerns.

  •  This is not an ethical dilemma because both proper use and return policies are clearly stated.

  •  This is an ethical dilemma because it’s quite possible the customer will sue the company over this issue.

  •  This is not an ethical dilemma because the customer has free will and was under no obligation to buy from this particular company.

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30-11-22 | 12:15:19 pm
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You are a consultant on a project

You are a consultant on a project team that has been hired by the Andrews Company to design and administer an employee survey. The survey contains information about employee job satisfaction, engagement, and issues concerning pay and promotion fairness perceptions. The project is generating over $450,000 in consulting fees. The night before your presentation to the client, a Sr. Vice President of Marketing at Andrews calls you and asks you to send her the survey data for the Marketing department so she isn’t "surprised by any of the report’s findings." You respond by saying that "the information is confidential" to which she says, "Of course! I’m not going to share it with anyone else." Which of the following issues should most concern you in considering a response?

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  •  Providing high quality service to the client.

  •  Giving the client feedback about her aggressive behavior.

  •  Protecting the identity of individual survey respondents.

  •  Ensuring accurate data analysis.

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30-11-22 | 11:16:34 am
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One of your employees just told you

One of your employees just told you that she is being sexually harassed at work by an employee outside your work group. Which of the following would be the most effective action to take?

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  •  Review the policies and procedures in your organization for dealing with a claim of sexual harassment.

  •  Call the police to report the incident.

  •  Ask the employee to give you a full report of the details and circumstances.

  •  Ask the employee to write up a report to submit to the human resources department.

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30-11-22 | 11:08:17 am
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One of your employees has performed well

One of your employees has performed well this year. At performance appraisal time, she asks you about how raise and bonus amounts will be determined. In this situation, she is most likely to be concerned about which of the following methods for fair distribution of resources?

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  •  Loyalty

  •  Equality

  •  Need

  •  Equity

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29-11-22 | 23:55:45 pm
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As part of a leadership development program

As part of a leadership development program at your company, you are about to be assigned to a global cross-functional project team. The team has members from 6 different countries that you haven't visited before and don't know of any colleagues that have worked in these countries. The opportunity is exciting and will increase your exposure to the executive team, which means it's a big deal to you chances for promotion. Which of the following actions would be the LEAST helpful in building your cultural competence ?

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29-11-22 | 23:31:36 pm
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Depreciation

The Andrews Company has just purchased $50,944,000 of plant and equipment that has an estimated useful life of 15 years. Suppose at the end of 15 years this plant and equipment can be salvaged for $5,094,400 (1/10th of its original cost). What will be the book value of this purchase (excluding all other Plant and Equipment) after its first year of use? Use generally accepted (FASB) accounting principles.

 

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22-11-22 | 23:24:15 pm
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Depreciation

The Andrews Company has just purchased $50,944,000 of plant and equipment that has an estimated useful life of 15 years. Suppose at the end of 15 years this plant and equipment can be salvaged for $5,094,400 (1/10th of its original cost). What will be the book value of this purchase (excluding all other Plant and Equipment) after its first year of use? Use generally accepted (FASB) accounting principles.

 

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22-11-22 | 23:24:01 pm
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Depreciation

The Andrews Company has just purchased $50,944,000 of plant and equipment that has an estimated useful life of 15 years. Suppose at the end of 15 years this plant and equipment can be salvaged for $5,094,400 (1/10th of its original cost). What will be the book value of this purchase (excluding all other Plant and Equipment) after its first year of use? Use generally accepted (FASB) accounting principles

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22-11-22 | 23:23:48 pm
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Depreciation

The Andrews Company has just purchased $50,944,000 of plant and equipment that has an estimated useful life of 15 years. Suppose at the end of 15 years this plant and equipment can be salvaged for $5,094,400 (1/10th of its original cost). What will be the book value of this purchase (excluding all other Plant and Equipment) after its first year of use? Use generally accepted (FASB) accounting principles

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22-11-22 | 23:23:33 pm
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[solved] A company's strategy needs to be ethical because

a strategy that is unethical in whole or in part is morally incorrect and "the wrong thing to do"; pursuit of an unethical strategy reflects badly on the character of the company personnel involved.

there are very high risks that the executives of companies employing unethical strategies will face criminal prosecution by governmental authorities and sentenced to lengthy terms in prison.

it is embarrassing to top executives when their company's unethical behavior is publicly exposed.

unethical strategies raise a company's costs per unit sold and thus lower company profitability.

unethical strategies weaken the corporate culture.

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09-10-22 | 13:18:29 pm
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[solved] Which one of the following is not an aspect of socially responsible behavior and good corporate citizenship?

Actions to create a work environment that enhances the quality of life for employees and makes the company a great place to work

Actions to build a workforce that is diverse with respect to gender, race, national origin, and perhaps other aspects that different people bring to the workplace

Actions to protect or enhance the environment and, in particular, to minimize or eliminate any adverse impact on the environment stemming from the company's own business activities

Making charitable contributions, supporting worthy organizational causes, participating in community service activities, helping to make a difference in the lives of the disadvantaged, and trying to better the quality of life in society at large

Actions to keep the prices the company charges for its products/services low enough to prevent the company's profits from being viewed by the general public as obscenely high or exorbitant

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09-10-22 | 13:13:37 pm
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[solved] According to the data in Table 9.1,

the Corruption Perception Index score for the United States is higher than for Canada, Australia, and the United Kingdom.

the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) scores in such countries as Denmark, Sweden, and Canada are higher (indicating lower perceived levels of corruption) than in such countries as the United States, France, Ireland, and Japan.

there is no reason to be concerned about the lack of high ethical standards in most of the world's countries (based on the Corruption Perception Index scores in the table).

only a small number of countries have a Corruption Perception Index score below 80 and most of these are countries with small populations located in geographically remote parts of the world.

the perception of corruption in the United States is the lowest in the world, indicating that ethical conduct in business transactions involving U.S. companies is very likely the highest in the world.

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09-10-22 | 13:09:02 pm
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[solved] Business ethics concerns

the application of general ethical principles and standards to the actions and decisions of businesses and the conduct of their personnel.

adhering to and enforcing the consensus ethical principles that companies worldwide have agreed are appropriate for all businesses and their personnel to observe.

a set of behavioral standards, usually established by governmental authorities or organizations such as the United Nations, that businesses worldwide are expected to observe in conducting their activities.

the socially responsible actions and behaviors that a company and its personnel are expected to display in conducting business activities.

the special set of ethical standards and behaviors that are applicable only to business situations and the conduct of business-related matters.

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09-10-22 | 13:06:04 pm
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[solved] An immoral manager is one who

operates within the bounds of what is considered ethical most of the time but who is perfectly willing to engage in unethical behavior when there's low risk of discovery and the action or decision has a sizable positive effect on company profitability.

believes any action or behavior that qualifies as legal can in no way ever be considered unethical.

believes in ethical relativism but not in ethical universalism. 

is ethically unprincipled but nonetheless usually complies with the company's code of ethics for fear of getting caught and fired.

has no regard for so-called ethical standards in business and pays no attention to ethical principles in making decisions and conducting the company's business.

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09-10-22 | 13:03:40 pm
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[solved] When it comes to the practice of some businesses paying bribes and kickbacks to secure government contracts, obtain a license or permit from government agencies, or win/retain the business of customers, it is fair to say that

if the payment of bribes/kickbacks is legal in a particular country, then it is ethical for a company to pay them.

it is ethically acceptable for a company to pay them so long as such payments are allowed in the company's written code of ethics.

it is very difficult (and logically inconsistent) for a multinational company to ethically justify such payments in countries where bribes and kickbacks are common practice when it does business in countries where such payments are illegal and/or when the company's code of ethics forbids such payments.

the ethical relativism school of thought is correct in asserting each businessperson has the freedom to set his/her own standards for deciding whether the payment of bribes/kickbacks is ethically acceptable or not.

if the payment of bribes/kickbacks is normal and customary in a particular culture/society/country, then--according to both integrative social contracts theory and the school of ethical universalism--it is ethically acceptable for a company to pay them in conducting its business activities in that culture/society/country.

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09-10-22 | 12:58:12 pm
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[solved] The categories of managerial morality include:

always ethical managers, usually ethical managers, and often unethical managers.

moral managers, immoral managers, and amoral managers.

managers with lots of integrity, managers with some integrity, and managers with no integrity.

managers committed to ethical behavior all of the time, managers who behave ethically most of the time, and managers who do whatever it is in their own self-interest and are indifferent to whether their behavior is ethical or unethical.

managers who are "true believers" in high ethical standards, managers who claim to believe in high ethical standards but who nonetheless engage in unethical behavior whenever they deem it in their best self-interest to do so, and managers who are skeptical about so-called ethical standards and do whatever they think is best.

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09-10-22 | 12:56:03 pm
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[solved] According to integrative social contracts theory,

the Code of Expected Ethical Conduct developed by the United Nations represents a pragmatic and effective compromise of the best parts of the ethical standards advocated by the school of ethical universalism and the ethical standards advocated by the school of ethical relativism.

a company's first duty and responsibility is to be respectful of and responsive to the ethical standards and norms of the each of the countries in which it operates.

each country's ethical norms and customs form a "social contract" that all individuals, groups, organizations, and businesses in that country have a duty to observe; this contract draws a clear and bright the line between actions and behaviors that are ethically permissible and those that are not and must be strictly observed in all circumstances in that particular country.

universal ethical principles or norms based on the collective views of multiple cultures and societies combine to form a "social contract" that is binding on all individuals, groups, organizations, and businesses; however, within the bounds defined by universal ethical principles, there is legitimate room (or "moral free space") for local cultures or groups to specify what other actions may or may not be ethically permissible.

the slippery slope of ethical universalism should be rejected and the principles of ethical relativism should be embraced.

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09-10-22 | 12:52:04 pm
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[solved] According to the ethical relativism school of thought,

whether the use of underage labor is ethically acceptable or not hinges upon the ethical standards that each industry establishes for its member businesses.

it is very clear and well-established that the use of underage labor is ethically impermissible, even in those countries and situations where it is the local custom to utilize child labor.

if the use of underage labor is acceptable in a particular culture/society/country, then it is ethical for a company to use underage labor in conducting its business activities in that culture/society/country.

if the use of underage labor is legal in a particular country, then it is ethical for a company to use underage labor in conducting its business activities in that country, no matter what the legality of using underage labor happens to be in other countries.

it is up to each business to set its own standards for deciding whether the use of underage labor is ethically acceptable or not.

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09-10-22 | 12:50:24 pm
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[solved] The notion of social responsibility as it applies to businesses concerns

a company's duty to put the public interest and the well-being of society ahead of shareholder interests.

the responsibility that all businesses have to operate in a manner that promotes environmental sustainability and the overall best long-term interest of society.

societal expectations that a company will charge fair prices and pay fair wages.

a company's duty to operate in an honorable manner, provide good working conditions for employees, be a good steward of the environment, and actively work to better the quality of life in the local communities where it operates and in society at large.

a company's duty to observe high ethical standards and conduct its business in a manner that benefits society at large.

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09-10-22 | 12:48:21 pm
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[solved] The term "triple bottom line" refers to

the three most frequently used measures of profitability--gross profit, operating profit, and net profit.

the practice among some companies to measure their performance in the social responsibility arena by setting formal performance targets in three areas: "profit, people, and planet"--this set of performance targets is often referred to as the company's "triple bottom line" or TBL.

the three outcomes that underlie good corporate citizenship: conducting business according to high ethical standards, demonstration of an exemplary environmental sustainability strategy, and significant ongoing contributions to the better of society as a whole.

the three performance measures that a company considers to be most important.

the three types of bottom line results society should rightfully expect of all businesses: delivering value to shareholders, delivering value to customers, and delivering value to society as a whole.

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09-10-22 | 12:46:24 pm
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[solved] The central thesis of the school of ethical universalism is that

what actions and behaviors are ethically right and wrong are absolute and thus are entirely appropriate for judging the "ethical correctness" of the behavior of all people and organizations in all countries and in all circumstances.

the best and most legitimate basis for judging the "ethical correctness" of the actions and behavior of businesspeople is the Code of Ethical and Moral Behavior adopted and advocated by the United Nations.

concepts of right and wrong are universal within countries but not across countries and cultures.

common moral agreement about right and wrong actions and behaviors across multiple cultures and countries form the basis for universal ethical standards applicable to the members of all societies, all companies, and all businesspeople.

only those ethical principles that are widely recognized and agreed-upon worldwide can be used to put valid ethical boundaries on how business activities are conducted.

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09-10-22 | 12:44:29 pm
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[solved] Which of the following are major drivers of unethical strategies and business behavior?

A lack on the part of many companies to implement and strongly enforce codes of ethical conduct, the excessively strong profit motive that pervades the business community, and the obscenely high bonuses and stock options paid to top executives that motivate/cause these overpaid executives to violate ethical standards

Fierce competitive pressures that inflict losses on companies and may even force some to file for bankruptcy, lax government enforcement of ethical standards and ethical business conduct, and the ease with which businesspeople who engage in unethical behavior can bribe corrupt public officials not to prosecute them or their companies

The drive among most businesses to maximize profits and return on capital investment, the ethically corrupt nature of most businesspeople, and a lack on the part of many companies to implement and strongly enforce codes of ethical conduct

A company culture that puts profitability and good business performance ahead of ethical behavior; lax oversight by company boards of directors that enables unscrupulous pursuit of personal gain, wealth, and other selfish interests; and heavy pressures on company managers to meet or beat short-term performance targets

The excessively strong profit motive that pervades the business community, the excessive bonuses and stock options that top executives can earn if company profits are excellent, and a widespread belief in the business community that ethical behavior is not necessary or even relevant

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09-10-22 | 12:41:26 pm
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[solved] According to the school of ethical relativism,

concepts of right and wrong as applied to business situations are always a function of each company's own set of values, beliefs, and ethical convictions (as stated in the company's code of ethical conduct).

differing religious beliefs, historic traditions and customs, core values and beliefs, and behavioral norms across countries and cultures give rise to multiple sets of standards concerning what is ethically right or wrong.

what constitutes ethical business behavior and what constitutes unethical business behavior is governed by what is legal in a given country.

what constitutes ethical business behavior and what constitutes unethical business behavior is always relative to some ideal standard that is subject to different interpretation in different countries.

a "one-size-fits-all" template should always be used to determine the ethical appropriateness of business actions and the behaviors of company personnel.

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09-10-22 | 12:38:27 pm
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[solved] A multinational company operating in some countries where bribery and kickback payments are an entrenched local custom and are not considered unethical is well-advised to

ignore the underlying principles of the school of ethical universalism. the school of ethical relativism, and integrative social contracts theory and do whatever it takes to avoid impairing the company's financial performance and competitive standing.

follow the principles of the school of ethical relativism in deciding whether to engage in paying bribes or kickbacks.

reject the underlying principles of both the school of ethical universalism and the school of ethical relativism and adopt the principles of integrative social contracts theory.

avoid the payment of bribes and kickbacks in all countries and in all circumstances if the payment of bribes and kickbacks is forbidden in its code of ethical conduct and if top management is serious about enforcing this prohibition.

take the position that it ethically permissible for its personnel to pay bribes and kickbacks in countries where such payments are customary but ethically impermissible for its personnel to make such payments elsewhere. 

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09-10-22 | 12:34:13 pm
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[solved] Which of the following is not a good strategic reason why a company that is already diversified may choose to broaden its business base by building positions in new related or unrelated businesses?

Because rapidly changing conditions (either favorable or unfavorable) in one or more of a company's core businesses make it desirable to expand into other industries

Because the company has an imbalance of cash cow and cash hog businesses

Because there is attractive potential for transferring a portion of its portfolio of competitively potent resources and capabilities to other related or complementary businesses

Because the company's growth is sluggish and it needs the sales and profit boost that a new business can provide

Because it is desirable to make new acquisitions in order to complement and strengthen the market position and competitive capabilities of one or more of its present businesses

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09-10-22 | 12:24:07 pm
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[solved] In which one of the following instances is diversification not a prime strategic option for a single-business company to consider?

When it can leverage existing resources and capabilities by expanding into businesses where these same resources and capabilities are key success factors and valuable competitive assets

When diversifying into closely related businesses opens new avenues for reducing costs

When it has a powerful and well-known brand name that can be transferred to the products of other businesses and help drive the sales and profits of such businesses to higher levels

When it is facing strong competitive pressures from rival companies 

When it spots opportunities to expand into industries whose technologies and/or products complement its present business

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09-10-22 | 12:20:52 pm
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[solved] Calculating quantitative attractiveness ratings for the industries a company has diversified into involves

determining each industry's key success factors, weighting the importance of each industry KSF, using a scale of 1 to 10 to rate the company's ability to be successful in coping with each industry KSF in each industry, multiplying the company's rating on each industry KSF by the respective KSF importance weights to obtain a weighted rating on each KSF, adding the weighted KSF ratings to obtain an overall KSF score for each industry, and using the overall KSF scores to evaluate in which industries it is easiest/hardest for the company to be highly profitable and competitively successful.

selecting a set of industry attractiveness measures, weighting the importance of each measure, rating each industry on each attractiveness measure, multiplying the industry ratings by the assigned weight to obtain a weighted rating, adding the weighted ratings for each industry to obtain an overall industry attractiveness score, and using the overall industry attractiveness scores to evaluate the attractiveness of all the industries, both individually and as a group.

rating the attractiveness of each industry's strategic and resource fits, summing the attractiveness scores, and determining whether the overall scores for the industries, both individually and as a group, do or do not have attractive strategic and resource fits.

identifying each industry's likely growth potential, rating the difficulty of actually achieving this growth potential, and deciding whether the company's growth prospects are attractive or unattractive, industry-by-industry.

determining the biggest determinants of profitability in each industry, rating the ability of the company to be successful on each of the profit-determining factors, and obtaining overall measures of the firm's ability to achieve profitability in each of the industries where it operates.

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09-10-22 | 12:18:33 pm
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[solved] The top-level executive task of crafting a diversified company's overall or corporate strategy includes which one of the following?

Choosing which one of the five generic competitive strategies that each of the company's different businesses will pursue

Specifying the type of competitive advantage that each different company business should pursue

Picking new industries to enter and deciding on the means of entry 

Choosing the most appropriate value chain for each of the company's different businesses to implement and employ

Deciding whether to combine and merge all of the company's businesses into a single unified operation or to operate them as separate stand-alone divisions

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09-10-22 | 12:16:31 pm
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[solved] Using relative market share to assess a business's competitive strength is analytically superior to straight percentage measures of market share because relative market share

is a reliable indicator of the extent to which a business unit enjoys strong product differentiation vis-a-vis rivals (signaled by a relative market share above 1.0) or suffers from weak product differentiation vis-a-vis rivals (signaled by a relative market share below 0.50).

is a better indicator of competitive strength than is a simple percentage measure of market share--for instance, a company with a 20% market share is in a much stronger competitive position if its largest rival has a market share of 10% (which means its relative market share is 2.0) than it is if its largest rival has a 30% market share (in which case the company's relative market share is only 0.67).

is a reliable indicator of the extent to which a business unit enjoys a strong brand image and reputation with buyers (signaled by a relative market share above 0.75) or a weak brand image and reputation with buyers (signaled by a relative market share below 0.30).

is a more reliable indicator of a business unit's revenue growth and profit potential.

is a reliable indicator of the extent to which a business unit enjoys competitive advantage (signaled by a relative market share above 1.0) or suffers from competitive disadvantage (signaled by a relative market share below 0.25).

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09-10-22 | 12:14:42 pm
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[solved] Diversifying into related businesses where competitively valuable strategic fit benefits can be captured

is essential if a diversified company is to pass the value chain test, accelerate its growth in revenues and earnings, and build long-term value for shareholders.

is the key to realizing the highest possible economies of scope and realizing a significantly higher return on capital investment.

puts sister businesses in position to perform better financially as part of the same company than they could have performed as independent enterprises, thus providing a clear avenue for boosting shareholder value.

enhances a company's ability to build a bigger portfolio of distinctive competencies.

gives a company a clear path to global market leadership in those industries where it has related businesses.

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09-10-22 | 12:12:24 pm
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[solved] Diversifying into related businesses where competitively valuable strategic fit benefits can be captured

is essential if a diversified company is to pass the value chain test, accelerate its growth in revenues and earnings, and build long-term value for shareholders.

is the key to realizing the highest possible economies of scope and realizing a significantly higher return on capital investment.

puts sister businesses in position to perform better financially as part of the same company than they could have performed as independent enterprises, thus providing a clear avenue for boosting shareholder value.

enhances a company's ability to build a bigger portfolio of distinctive competencies.

gives a company a clear path to global market leadership in those industries where it has related businesses.

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09-10-22 | 12:06:00 pm
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[solved] Using quantitative measures of industry attractiveness and competitive strength to plot each business's location on the 9-cell industry attractiveness-competitive strength matrix

is useful for identifying which business units have the biggest/smallest economies of scale and which have the biggest/smallest economies of scope.

provides valuable guidance in deploying corporate resources to the various business units--in general, a diversified company's prospects for good overall performance are enhanced by concentrating corporate resources and strategic attention on those business units positioned in the three cells in the upper left portion of the attractiveness-strength matrix.

is useful for ranking a company's different business units from best to worst based on how much resource fit each unit has with its sister businesses.

is useful for ranking a company's different business units from best to worst based on how much strategic fit each unit has with its sister businesses.

pinpoints which of a diversified company's business units are cash cows (those in the three diagonal cells) and which ones are cash hogs (those in the three cells in the lower-right corner of the matrix).

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09-10-22 | 12:02:48 pm
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[solved] Economies of scope

are the single biggest benefit of pursuing unrelated diversification.

are present whenever diversification satisfies the industry attractiveness test and the cost-of-entry test.

are cost reductions that flow from operating in multiple businesses.

stem from cost-saving efficiencies that arise when sister business operate over a wider geographic area.

arise mainly from scale economy efficiencies in the production and distribution portions of the value chains of unrelated businesses.

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09-10-22 | 11:59:48 am
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[solved] Which of the following is not a part of checking a diversified company's business units for the competitive value of cross-business strategic fits?

Determining whether much competitive value can potentially be gained from cross-business transfer of technology, skills, or know-how to correct the resource deficiencies of certain businesses and boost their bottom lines?

Determining the extent to which sister business units have value chain matchups that present opportunities for cross-business sharing of a corporate parent's umbrella brand name or corporate reputation?

Determining the extent to which sister business units have value chain matchups that present sizable opportunities to reduce costs by combining the performance of certain value chain activities and thereby capture economies of scope.

Determining whether there is sizable potential for sister business to engage in cross-business collaboration to create new competitive capabilities and thereby realize significant gains in performance.

Determining whether the diversified company has enough cash cow business units to cover the negative cash flows of its cash hog business units.

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09-10-22 | 11:57:21 am
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[solved] The two biggest drawbacks of pursuing unrelated diversification strategies are

(1) weak ability to capture cross-business resource fits and (2) conflicts/incompatibility among the competitive strategies of the company's different businesses.

(1) the likelihood of overspending on efforts to capture economies of scope and (2) difficulty in passing the industry attractiveness test when making new acquisitions.

(1) increased likelihood that the company's financial resources will be spread thinly over too many distinctly different lines of business and (2) the high risks of conflicts and/or incompatibility among the strategies of the businesses it has diversified into.

(1) no potential for competitive advantage beyond any benefits of corporate parenting and what each individual business can generate on its own and (2) demanding managerial requirements.

(1) demanding managerial requirements and (2) falling into the trap of diversifying into too many cash cow businesses.

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09-10-22 | 11:55:33 am
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[solved] Strategic fit between two or more businesses exists whenever one or more activities comprising the value chains of different businesses are sufficiently similar to present opportunities

for combining their related value chain activities into a single operation to achieve lower costs and/or cross-business collaboration to create  new or stronger competitively valuable resources and capabilities that will be mutually beneficial.

to accelerate revenue growth, streamline the value chains of each of the businesses, and lower capital investment requirements.

to increase the number of core competencies a company has, lower business risk, and reduce vulnerability to competitive pressures.

to increase resource fit, brand name fit, and industry attractiveness fit.

to reduce diseconomies of scale and diseconomies of scope.

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09-10-22 | 11:52:53 am
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[solved] Strategic fit between two or more businesses exists whenever one or more activities comprising the value chains of different businesses are sufficiently similar to present opportunities

for combining their related value chain activities into a single operation to achieve lower costs and/or cross-business collaboration to create  new or stronger competitively valuable resources and capabilities that will be mutually beneficial.

to accelerate revenue growth, streamline the value chains of each of the businesses, and lower capital investment requirements.

to increase the number of core competencies a company has, lower business risk, and reduce vulnerability to competitive pressures.

to increase resource fit, brand name fit, and industry attractiveness fit.

to reduce diseconomies of scale and diseconomies of scope.

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09-10-22 | 11:48:25 am
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[solved] According to Figure 8.1, some of the things to look for in identifying a diversified company's strategy include

the technological proficiencies and labor skill requirements of each of the firm's businesses and the competitive strategy each business is employing.

whether the company is focusing on "milking its cash cows" or "feeding its cash hogs" and whether it is pursuing the same or different competitive strategies in each of its business units.

each business's competitive approach (low-cost provider, broad differentiation, best-cost, focused differentiation, or focused low-cost), whether its products are sold under the same brand or different brands, and whether its businesses are mostly cash cows or mostly cash hogs or a balanced mixture of both.

the recent moves it has made to divest weak businesses, build positions in new industries, and strengthen the positions of its existing businesses and whether the company's diversification is based narrowly in a few industries or broadly in many industries.

the actions top management is taking to capture economies of scale and economies of scope and the company's recent moves to divest its cash hogs. 

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09-10-22 | 11:46:17 am
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[solved] Which one of the following is not among the ways that strong parenting capabilities can help a company committed to a strategy of unrelated diversification build shareholder value?

Focus on acquiring businesses that offer the best opportunities for achieving rapid market growth and that have a big competitive advantage over rivals (thereby satisfying the industry attractiveness and competitive strength tests)

Do an astute job of allocating financial resources across the company's businesses

Do such a superior job of overseeing, guiding, and otherwise parenting the firm’s business subsidiaries that the subsidiaries perform at a higher level than they would otherwise be able to do as a standalone enterprise (thus satisfying the better-off test)

Utilize the business acumen of certain corporate executives in identifying undervalued or underperforming companies and then further rely on the skills and expertise of these or other corporate executives in pinpointing achievable ways that the operations of such companies can be overhauled and streamlined to produce dramatic increases in profitability

Employ strong bargaining skills to successfully negotiate a low price and other favorable terms in acquiring any new business the corporate parent decides to enter (thereby helping satisfy the cost-of-entry test)

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09-10-22 | 11:44:30 am
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[solved] Businesses are said to be "related" when

they have common suppliers and common customers.

they possess the same competitively valuable resources and capabilities and thus can pursue the same market opportunities.

they possess industry attractiveness fit, risk avoidance fit, and ability-to-compete fit.

their products exhibit strategic fit, resource fit, and industry attractiveness fit.

they possess competitively valuable cross-business value-chain matchups.

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09-10-22 | 11:41:51 am
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[solved] Different businesses are said to be "unrelated" when

the products of the different businesses are highly dissimilar.

they have dissimilar value chains containing no competitively useful cross-business relationships or strategic fits.

the businesses utilize different types of production technologies and production processes.

they are in different industries.

the products of the different businesses satisfy very different buyer needs.

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09-10-22 | 11:37:51 am
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[solved] Which of the following is the best example of unrelated diversification?

A producer of toothpaste acquiring a maker of shampoos and hair care products.

A maker of garden hoses acquiring a producer of lawn fertilizers.

A maker of bedroom furniture buying a maker of patio furniture.

A newspaper chain acquiring a publisher of magazines.

A maker of camera-equipped copter drones acquiring a maker of athletic footwear.

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09-10-22 | 11:35:55 am
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[solved] According to Figure 8.6, which one of the following is not a reasonable option for deploying a diversified company's financial resources?

Divesting cash hog businesses and using the proceeds to fund capital investments in promising cash cow businesses

Paying down existing debt, increasing dividend payments to shareholders, or repurchasing shares of the company's common stock

Investing in ways to strengthen or grow existing businesses

Making acquisitions to establish positions in new businesses or to complement existing businesses

Funding long-range R&D ventures aimed at opening market opportunities in new or existing businesses

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09-10-22 | 11:32:18 am
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[solved] Which of the following is not part of the procedure for evaluating the pluses and minuses of a diversified company's strategy and deciding what actions to take to improve the company's performance?

Assessing the competitive strength of the company’s business units and drawing a nine-cell matrix to simultaneously portray the industry attractiveness and competitive strength of each of the business units

Checking whether the company has sufficient corporate parenting capabilities to cope with resource fit conflicts and strategic fit incompatibilities among the businesses the company has diversified into

Assessing the attractiveness of the industries the company has diversified into, both individually and as a group

Ranking the performance prospects of the various businesses from best to worst and determining what the corporate parent’s priorities should be in allocating resources to its different businesses

Evaluating the competitive value of cross-business strategic fits along the value chains of the company’s various business units and checking whether the firm’s resources fit the requirements of its present business lineup

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09-10-22 | 11:28:46 am
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[solved] A "cash hog" type of business

is one that is losing money and requires cash infusions from its corporate parent to continue operations.

is one that has substantially more current liabilities than current assets.

generates negative cash flows from internal operations and thus requires cash infusions from its corporate parent to report a profit.

is a business that faces a liquidity crisis due to declining sales revenues and profits.

generates cash flows that are too small to fully fund its operations and growth--such businesses require periodic cash infusions by the corporate parent to provide additional working capital and finance new capital investment.

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09-10-22 | 11:01:50 am
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[solved] In which one of the following circumstances is entering a new foreign country market via internal startup of a new subsidiary unlikely to be as attractive as acquiring a local business?

When a company has little knowledge of the strategies local rivals are employing

When adding new production capacity will not adversely impact the supply-demand balance in the local market

When a startup subsidiary can quickly be infused with the resources and capabilities needed to achieve the cost structure and competitive strength to battle local rivals 

When a company already operates in a number of countries and has experience in getting new subsidiaries up and running and overseeing their operations

When acquiring a local business may be the quickest, least risky, and most cost-efficient means of hurdling entry barriers

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02-10-22 | 23:10:38 pm
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[solved] A "think local, act local" multicountry type of strategy

has the distinct disadvantage of increasing a company's exposure to fluctuating exchange rates and the propensity of foreign governments to impose tariffs on imported goods.

can defeat a global strategy if the "think local, act local" multicountry strategist concentrates on competing only in those foreign countries where the company has profit sanctuaries.

becomes more appealing the bigger the country-to-country differences in buyer tastes and preferences, market conditions, and competitive circumstances.

is generally an inferior strategy unless a company is lucky enough to have well-protected profit sanctuaries in each of the country markets where it operates.

can usually be defeated by a well-conceived "think global, act global" type of strategy.

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02-10-22 | 23:09:47 pm
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[solved] Which of the following is not one of the strategic ways a company can establish a competitive presence in foreign markets?

Maintaining a national (one-country) production base and exporting goods to foreign markets

Rely upon acquisitions or internal startup ventures to gain entry into foreign markets

Using the creation of profit sanctuaries as the primary vehicle for entering foreign markets

License foreign firms to use the company's technology or to produce and distribute the company's products.

Employ a franchising strategy

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02-10-22 | 23:07:31 pm
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[solved] Competing in one or more countries or regions of the world causes strategy-making to be more complex partly because of

the imperatives of crafting a different strategy for each different country in which a company competes.

the imperatives of using different advertising and promotional techniques in each country where a company competes.

sizable cross-country differences in wage rates, worker productivity, inflation rates, energy supplies and costs, tax rates, and other factors that impact a company's costs and profit prospects.

the difficulties of turning the world market into one big profit sanctuary.

the need to customize a company's product offering in each different country market where it competes in order to compete successfully against local rivals and thus be profitable.

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02-10-22 | 23:06:46 pm
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[solved] Which of the following is the most unlikely element of a "think global, act global" approach to crafting a global strategy? (You may find the content of Figure 7.2 helpful in answering this question.)

Utilizing the same competitive capabilities, distribution channels, and marketing approaches worldwide

Having relatively small plants in many countries, with each plant producing product versions for local area markets

Using the same fundamental competitive approach worldwide, although the company's strategy or product offering may be adapted in very minor ways to accommodate specific situations in a few host countries

Requiring local managers in host countries to stick close to the chosen global strategy

Minimal responsiveness to buyer tastes, cultural traditions, and market conditions in each country market

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02-10-22 | 23:05:41 pm
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[solved] Which one of the following is not a way for a company competing internationally or globally to strengthen its competitiveness in those country markets where it already competes and also to aid entry into new country markets?

Be quick to transfer important new technological know-how, core competencies, best practices, and/or ways of improving/strengthening certain capabilities that have been recently discovered or successfully implemented at the company's operations in one country to its operations in other countries

Be quick to transfer personnel with competitively valuable expertise from operations in one country to operations in other parts of the world (the cost of transferring already-developed resources and capabilities across country borders is low in comparison to the time and considerable expense it takes for a country subsidiary to build matching resources and capabilities solely on its own initiative)

Concentrate a big majority of the company's most competitively powerful resources and capabilities on building a dominant market share in those country markets where it has sizable and well-protected profit sanctuaries and use any surplus cash flows from the operations in countries where it is competitively weaker to gradually strengthen the competitiveness of these weaker-performing operations

Pursue opportunities to extend use of a competitively potent brand name developed in one country (often its home-country market) to its operations in other parts of the world

Be alert for opportunities to transfer some of its competitively powerful resources and capabilities from countries where it has established competitively strong market positions to countries where it is competitively weaker

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02-10-22 | 23:04:32 pm
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[solved] The advantages of using a licensing strategy to participate in foreign markets include

being especially well-suited to an act global, think local strategy.

being able to generate revenues and income from a company's technical know-how or a unique patented product without committing significant additional resources to country markets that are unfamiliar, politically volatile, economically unstable, or otherwise risky.

increased ability to achieve higher product quality and better product performance as compared to what could be achieved via either an export strategy or a franchising strategy.

enabling a company to achieve first-mover advantages quickly and easily.

increased ability to achieve a low-cost advantage over foreign-based rivals.

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02-10-22 | 23:03:05 pm
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[solved] A firm can seek to gain competitive advantage or counteract disadvantages in foreign country markets by

using an export strategy to circumvent the risks of adverse exchange rate fluctuations.

employing a multicountry strategy instead of a global strategy.

locating certain facilities and value chain activities in whatever nations prove most advantageous.

doing whatever it takes to build multiple profit sanctuaries in foreign markets.

avoiding the use of costly offensive strategies.

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02-10-22 | 23:02:02 pm
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[solved] Which of the following is not among the important strategic issues associated with competing across national boundaries?

Whether to employ essentially the same basic competitive strategy in all countries or modify the strategy country by country to better match local market and competitive conditions

What type of offensive strategy to employ in gaining a strong and profitable foothold in each of the foreign country markets it chooses to enter

Where to locate the company's production facilities, distribution centers, and customer service operations so as to realize the greatest location-related advantages

Whether to customize the company's offerings in each different country market to match the tastes and preferences of local buyers or to offer a mostly standardized product worldwide

When and how to efficiently transfer some of the company's competitively powerful resources and capabilities from certain countries to other countries in order to aid the entry into new country markets and/or to more effectively battle local rivals for sales and market share

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02-10-22 | 23:00:41 pm
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[solved] Because buyer tastes for a particular product or service sometimes differ substantially from country to country,

a company is unlikely to be profitable in each and every country market where it operates.

it is hard for a company to create a big and well-protected profit sanctuary in every country in which it operates

company managers must resolve the tension between the market pressures to localize the firm's product offerings country-by-country to match the tastes and preferences of local buyers and the competitive pressures to lower costs by offering mostly standardized products in all countries where a company competes.

it is hard for a company to compete successfully and profitably in more than 15 different country markets.

it is nearly always necessary for a company to offer buyers a wide selection of models, styles, and product versions in order to accommodate varying buyer tastes from country to country.

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02-10-22 | 22:58:57 pm
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[solved] Which of the following account for why companies decide to enter foreign markets?

To gain more experience in employing effective offensive and defensive strategies

To establish an even bigger competitive advantage over the company's closest domestic rivals

To build a bigger and more diverse portfolio of competitively valuable resources and capabilities

To further exploit the company's competitively valuable resources and capabilities and to spread business risk across a wider market area

To grow and strengthen the profit sanctuary the company has in its domestic market

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02-10-22 | 22:57:51 pm
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[solved] Which of the following qualifies as an offensive strategy for companies competing internationally or globally?

Launching a think global, act global competitive strategy

Launching a think local, act local competitive strategy

Attacking the profit sanctuaries of rival companies

Deliberately operating at a loss in some country markets in order to help grow the size of a company's profit sanctuary in a competitively crucial country market

Shifting company resources from one profit sanctuary to another

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02-10-22 | 22:56:53 pm
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[solved] According to Figure 7.2, which one of the following is not a common trait of a global strategy?

Coordinate major strategic decisions worldwide, but give local managers leeway to make minor adjustments to the global strategy

Use the best suppliers from anywhere in the world

Design manufacturing plants to cost-effectively produce many different product versions

Strive to achieve the same type of competitive advantage over rivals in every country where the company competes

Sell the same products under the same brand names worldwide.

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02-10-22 | 22:55:11 pm
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[solved] Which of the following statements regarding multicountry competition is false?

With multicountry competition, rivals battle for national championships and winning in one country market does not necessarily signal the ability to fare well in other countries.

With multicountry competition, the competitive arena among rival companies involves several neighboring countries rather than either a single country or the world market as a whole.

One of the features of multicountry competition is that buyers in different countries are attracted to different product attributes.

One of the features of multicountry competition is that industry conditions and competitive forces in each national market differ in important respects.

With multicountry competition, any competitive advantage a company secures in one country is largely confined to that country; the spillover effects to other countries are minimal to nonexistent.

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02-10-22 | 22:53:47 pm
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[solved] A U.S. manufacturer that exports goods made at its U.S. plants for shipment to foreign markets

is largely unaffected by fluctuating exchange rates; it would, however, be affected if its plants were in foreign countries.

becomes more cost competitive in selling its exported goods in foreign markets when the U.S. dollar gains in value against the currencies of the countries to which it is exporting.

has no interest in whether the dollar grows stronger or weaker versus foreign currencies unless it is competing only against companies located in foreign countries.

becomes more cost competitive in selling its exported goods in foreign markets when the U.S. dollar declines in value against the currencies of the countries to which it is exporting.

is competitively disadvantaged when the U.S. dollar declines in value against the currencies of the countries to which it is exporting.

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02-10-22 | 22:52:22 pm
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[solved] A U.S. manufacturer that exports goods made at its U.S. plants for shipment to foreign markets

is largely unaffected by fluctuating exchange rates; it would, however, be affected if its plants were in foreign countries.

becomes more cost competitive in selling its exported goods in foreign markets when the U.S. dollar gains in value against the currencies of the countries to which it is exporting.

has no interest in whether the dollar grows stronger or weaker versus foreign currencies unless it is competing only against companies located in foreign countries.

becomes more cost competitive in selling its exported goods in foreign markets when the U.S. dollar declines in value against the currencies of the countries to which it is exporting.

is competitively disadvantaged when the U.S. dollar declines in value against the currencies of the countries to which it is exporting.

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02-10-22 | 22:38:08 pm
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[solved] A U.S. manufacturer that exports goods made at its U.S. plants for shipment to foreign markets

is largely unaffected by fluctuating exchange rates; it would, however, be affected if its plants were in foreign countries.

becomes more cost competitive in selling its exported goods in foreign markets when the U.S. dollar gains in value against the currencies of the countries to which it is exporting.

has no interest in whether the dollar grows stronger or weaker versus foreign currencies unless it is competing only against companies located in foreign countries.

becomes more cost competitive in selling its exported goods in foreign markets when the U.S. dollar declines in value against the currencies of the countries to which it is exporting.

is competitively disadvantaged when the U.S. dollar declines in value against the currencies of the countries to which it is exporting.

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02-10-22 | 22:23:22 pm
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[solved] Under what circumstances should a company's management team attempt to seriously compete with rivals to supply private-label footwear to chain retailers in one or more geographic regions?

When the company has more production capacity than it needs to fill the projected orders for branded footwear and when its analysis and projections reveal the company stands a good chance of winning a contract at a profit-enhancing offer price

When the company has the capability to produce private-label footwear at a production cost per pair that is at least $5 below its per pair production cost for branded footwear

When the data in the latest Competitive Intelligence Report indicates that one or more rival firms successfully won contracts to supply private-label footwear at offer prices that were attractively profitable

When no seller of private-label footwear in the prior year captured as much as a 20% share of the private-label pairs supplied in any given region

When the data in the latest Competitive Intelligence Report indicates that some of the companies competing to supply for private-label footwear were able to win contracts at offer prices above $25 per pair

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28-09-22 | 00:03:53 am
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[solved] The industry-low, industry-average, and industry-high cost benchmarking data on p. 6 and p. 7 of each issue of the Footwear Industry Report

have the greatest value to those company managers who are desperately searching for ideas on what they can do to improve their company's EPS and ROE.

are of little value to company managers in making decisions to improve company performance in the upcoming decision round, although they may certainly be of interest to those managers who are curious about how their company fared on the various reported benchmarks.

are especially valuable to the managers of companies whose branded footwear has an S/Q rating below 4 stars or above 7 stars.

aid managers in assessing whether their company's costs and/or operating profits for the benchmarked items are adequately competitive--when such is not the case, the company's managers are well-advised to promptly address how best to correct the high-cost or low-profit problem(s) in the upcoming decision round.

are particularly valuable to the managers of companies looking for ways to increase their company's market share of branded footwear sales in one or more geographic regions.

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28-09-22 | 00:00:42 am
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[solved] A company opting to boost its sales of branded footwear by offering buyers 500 models/styles to choose from should consider reducing the $15 million annual costs for production run setup costs associated with producing 500 models/styles at each production facility by

cutting the percentage use of superior materials to help cover some (preferably all) of the costs of the $15 million in annual production run setup costs at each production facility producing 500 models/styles.

producing no more than 200 models at the company's production facilities in other regions.

investing in production improvement option B at those production facility locations producing 500 models.

instituting production improvement options A and C at each production facility where 500 models are being produced.

doubling its expenditures for enhanced styling/features to also increase the S/Q ratings of its footwear brand.

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27-09-22 | 23:57:42 pm
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[solved] Which of the following results from the latest decision round is most helpful in guiding the efforts of company managers to improve their company's costs and profitability in the upcoming decision round?

The comparative financial data on p. 5 of the FIR

The benchmarking data on pp. 6 and 7 of the FIR

The facility space and production equipment data at the bottom of page 4 of the FIR

The data on materials prices at the top of p. 4 of the FIR

The celebrity endorsement data and the 4 graphs showing branded prices and S/Q rating trends in each of the four geographic regions on p. 8 of the FIR.

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27-09-22 | 23:54:33 pm
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[solved] Which one of the following helps increase the S/Q rating of branded pairs produced at a particular production location?

Maximizing the use of overtime at each production location 

Increasing the incentive pay for production workers, and thereby reduce reject rates on pairs produced

Increasing expenditures for enhanced styling/features

Avoiding bidding for contracts to supply private-label footwear to chain retailers, which damages the company's image as a producer of top quality footwear

Increasing efforts to improve the productivity of production workers

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27-09-22 | 23:51:54 pm
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[solved] Based on the industry-low, industry-average, and industry-high values for the benchmarked data that appear on p. 7 of each issue of the FIR, which of the following would be an untrustworthy or incomplete indication that certain elements of your company's costs are too high relative to the costs of rival companies?

Your company's marketing expenses per pair sold in both the Internet and Wholesale segments in one or more regions are the highest in the industry

Your company's distribution and warehouse costs per pair available for sale in one or more regions are 20% or more above the industry-average number

The cost of branded pairs sold in one or more regions is very near or at the industry high value

Your company's operating profit margin per branded pair sold is at or very near the industry low in one or more geographic regions

Your company's operating profits per pair sold in all 4 geographic regions of the wholesale segment for branded footwear are below the industry-high values

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27-09-22 | 23:48:04 pm
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[solved] The most attractive way to reduce or eliminate the impact of paying tariffs on pairs imported to a company's distribution warehouse in Latin America is to

only sell the company's branded footwear at its Internet site for Latin America; no import tariffs have to be paid on Internet sales--import tariffs only have to be paid on footwear shipped from the company's Latin America warehouse to footwear retailers in Latin America.

simply stop selling branded and private-label footwear in Latin America.

build a production facility in Latin America and then expand its capacity as may be needed so that the production facility has the capability to supply all (or at least most) of the branded and private-label pairs the company intends to try to sell in Latin America. 

pursue a strategy of only selling footwear with an S/Q rating of just 1 star or 2 stars in Latin America--no tariffs have to be paid on imported branded footwear having an S/Q rating of 2-stars or below.

pursue a strategy of selling fewer pairs in Latin America than rival companies, which will then keep the company's costs for import tariffs in Latin America lower than those of rivals and give the company a low tariff cost advantage on its sales in Latin America.

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27-09-22 | 23:46:20 pm
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[solved] Given the following Year 12 balance sheet data for a footwear company:

Given the following Year 12 balance sheet data for a footwear company:

Balance Sheet Data

Cash on Hand$ 10,000

Total Current Assets100,000

Total Fixed Assets250,000

Total Assets$350,000

Accounts Payable$ 20,000

Overdraft Loan Payable0

1-Year Bank Loan Payable5,000

Current Portion of Long-Term Bank Loans17,000

Total Current Liabilities42,000

Long-Term Bank Loans Outstanding98,000

Total Liabilities140,000

Shareholder Equity:Year 11
Balance
Year 12
Change

Common Stock20,000020,000

Additional Capital110,0000110,000

Retained Earnings60,00020,00080,000

Total Shareholder Equity190,000+20,000210,000

Total Liabilities and Shareholder Equity$350,000

Based on the above figures and the definition of the debt-assets ratio presented in the Help section for p. 5 of the Footwear Industry Report, the company’s debt-assets ratio (rounded to 2 decimal places) is

0.57.

0.32.

0.38.

0.43.

0.40.

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27-09-22 | 23:42:44 pm
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[solved] Which one of the following actions is guaranteed to result in lower labor costs per pair produced at one of your company's production facilities?

Increasing total employee compensation by 4% and realizing a 6% increase in production worker productivity

Increasing total expenditures for best practices training by 10% annually

Increasing the base wage paid to production workers by at least 3% annually

Reducing the S/Q rating of branded pairs produced for 4.6 stars to 4.1 stars

Increasing spending for TQM/Six Sigma quality control from $3 per pair to $5 per pair

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27-09-22 | 23:39:44 pm
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[solved] If a management team wishes to boost the company's stock price, then it should consider actions to

pay a steady dividend of $1.00 per year, avoid the use of short-term loans, boost total stockholders' equity by 5% to 10% annually, and maintain a credit rating of at least an A.

repurchase shares of common stock, increase earnings per share annually by amounts that meet or beat investor expectations, and raise the company's dividend payments to shareholders (by at least $0.10 and preferably $0.25 or more for the increase to have much impact on the stock price).

increase the S/Q rating on the company branded footwear, spend additional money on corporate citizenship and social responsibility, pay a dividend each year that equals projected EPS, and keep the company's image rating above 75.

quickly pay off all long-term debt, keep the company's dividend payout ratio below 50%, and issue no more than 5,000 shares of common stock in any given year.

boost the company's dividend payout ratio to more than 100%, increase the company's retained earnings, and issue sufficient shares of common stock to raise the funds to pay off all long-term debt within 2 years.

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27-09-22 | 23:38:11 pm
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[solved] Given the following data from a Comparative Competitive Efforts page in the CIR:

WHOLESALE SEGMENTYour
CompanyIndustry
AverageYour Company
vs. Ind. Avg.

Wholesale Price ($ per pair)$74.50$53.83+38.4%

S/Q Rating (1 to 10 stars)9.96.3+57.1%

Model Availability50300-83.3%

Brand Advertising ($000s)16,50014,350+15.0%

Rebate Offer ($ per pair)0.003.40-100.0%

Delivery Time (weeks)1 wks2.8 wks-64.3%

Retailer Support ($ per outlet)5,0004,675+7.0%

Retail Outlets3,2821,538+113.4%

Celebrity Appeal345111+210.8%

Brand Reputation (prior-year average)9476+23.7%

Pairs Demanded2,0242,413-16.1%

Gained/Lost (due to stockouts)00

Pairs Sold (000s)2,0242,413-16.1%

Market Share (%)8.4%10.0%-1.6 pts

Based on the above data for your company, which of the following statements is false? 

Copyright © by Glo-Bus Software, Inc. Copying, distributing, or 3rd party website posting isexpressly prohibited and constitutes copyright violation.

Your company's sizable negative percentage competitive disadvantage in delivery time had a negative competitive impact on your company's branded sales volume and market share in the Wholesale segment .

Your company’s branded sales volume and market share in the Wholesale segment were negatively impacted by your company’s competitive effort in model availability and the lack of a rebate offer. 

Your company’s branded sales volume and market share in the Wholesale segment were positively impacted by your company’s brand reputation, S/Q rating, and number of retail outlets. 

Your company’s biggest percentage competitive advantage in the Wholesale Segment related to celebrity appeal. 

Your company’s percentage competitive advantages and disadvantages on the 10 competitive factors affecting Wholesale sales and market share resulted in a net overall competitive disadvantage of a size that resulted in a below-average 8.4% market share for your company.

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27-09-22 | 23:35:37 pm
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[solved] In the private-label operating benchmarks section on p. 7 of each issue of the FIR, the industry-low, industry-average, and industry-high benchmarks for the margins over direct costs (as explained in the Help section for this same page) should be interpreted as representing

the net profit earned (or lost -- in the case of a negative number) on each pair of private-label footwear supplied to a given region's chain retailers.

the seller's net revenue gain (or loss -- in the case of a negative number) on each pair of private-label footwear sold to a given region's chain retailers.

how much per private-label pair sold in each region was available to (1) help cover any of a seller's branded expenses in the region not covered by branded revenues and (2) increase the seller's operating profits in the region.

the amount per pair of private-label footwear sold that flowed into a company's retained earnings account (or the amount deducted in the case of a negative number).

the gross profit earned (or lost--in the case of a negative number) on each pair of private-label footwear sold in the various regions.

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27-09-22 | 23:30:47 pm
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[solved] Which one of the following actions is unlikely to positively impact a company's sales of branded footwear in the North American region?

Offering a number of models/styles in the North America region that exceeds the all-company average in North America

Marketing branded footwear with an S/Q rating that is above the industry average in North America

Signing enough celebrities to endorsement contracts to earn celebrity appeal ratings in North America that exceed the North American industry average

Providing free shipping to online buyers in North America

Charging an average wholesale price to North American footwear retailers that is higher than the all-company average in North America

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27-09-22 | 23:28:18 pm
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[solved] Assume a company's Income Statement for Year 12 is as follows:

Income Statement DataYear 12
(in 000s)

Net Revenues from Footwear Sales$ 580,000

Cost of Pairs Sold370,000

Warehouse Expenses40,000

Marketing Expenses75,000

Administrative Expenses15,000

Operating Profit (Loss)90,000

Interest Income (Expense)(15,000)

Pre-tax Profit (Loss)75,000

Income Taxes22,500

Net Profit (Loss)$ 52,500

Based on the above income statement data and the formula for calculating the interest coverage ratio presented on the Help section for p. 5 of the Footwear Industry Report, the company’s interest coverage ratio is

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27-09-22 | 23:25:27 pm
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[solved] Assume a company's Income Statement for Year 12 is as follows:

Income Statement DataYear 12
(in 000s)

Net Revenues from Footwear Sales$ 560,000

Cost of Pairs Sold340,000

Warehouse Expenses45,000

Marketing Expenses85,000

Administrative Expenses15,000

Operating Profit (Loss)75,000

Interest Income (Expense)(25,000)

Pre-tax Profit (Loss)50,000

Income Taxes15,000

Net Profit (Loss)$ 35,000

Based on the above income statement data and assuming the company has 20 million shares of common stock outstanding, the company's operating profit margin and EPS were

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27-09-22 | 23:22:18 pm
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[solved] Given the following data from a recent Comparative Competitive Efforts page in the CIR:

INTERNET SEGMENTYour
CompanyIndustry
AverageYour Company
vs. Ind. Avg.

Retail Price ($ per pair)$83.50$76.28+9.5%

Search Engine Advertising ($000s)6,2506,225+0.4%

Free ShippingNoNoneSame

S/Q Rating8.66.3+36.5%

Model Availability499300+66.5%

Brand Advertising16,50014,350+15.0%

Celebrity Appeal140111+26.1%

Brand Reputation8776+14.5%

Online Orders (000s)709538+31.8%

Pairs Sold (000s)709538+31.8%

Market Share (%)13.2%10.0%13.2%

Based on the above data for your company, which of the following statements is false?

Your company's two biggest competitive advantages in the Internet Segment related to S/Q rating and model availability.

Your company's branded sales volume and market share in the Internet segment was positively impacted by your company's brand reputation.

Your company had a competitive advantage on each one of the eight competitive factors affecting Internet sales and market share.

Your company’s percentage competitive advantages and disadvantages on the 8 competitive factors affecting Internet sales and market share resulted in a net overall competitive advantage of a size sufficient to produce an above-average 13.2% market share.

Your company had a tiny competitive advantage in search engine advertising.

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27-09-22 | 23:18:34 pm
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[solved] In managing production worker compensation and expenditures for best practice training, the overriding objective of company managers should be to

compensate production workers at levels that are close to the highest in the industry in each geographic region where its production facilities are located--this is because companies with the highest total annual compensation packages attract highly-motivated workers with the skills needed to achieve the highest levels of labor productivity.

achieve the highest possible worker productivity (pairs produced per worker per year).

achieve labor costs per pair produced that are at worst below the industry average and at best are very close to (or even equal to) the industry-low in each region where the company has production facilities.

make sure its annual total compensation of production workers remains below the average annual total compensation paid by all companies in the regions where it has production facilities.

pay an incentive per non-defective pair that results in the lowest feasible reject rate for branded pairs produced.

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27-09-22 | 23:15:07 pm
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[solved] If a company is pursuing a strategy to differentiate its branded footwear from the offerings of rival companies, its managers should make a point of examining the facility and production cost benchmarking statistics reported on p. 6 of each issue of the FIR in order to

discover which particular rival companies are overspending on production-related activities to differentiate their branded footwear.

learn how much manufacturing costs per pair produced can be lowered by investing in one or more equipment upgrade options.

learn whether its TQM/Six-Sigma expenditures, reject rates, and total compensation packages for labor are comparable to other rival companies also pursuing a differentiation strategy.

discern whether the company can boost profits by lowering the Internet and wholesale prices being charged for branded footwear.

determine whether immediate actions need to be taken to reduce one or more production cost components at a particular facility--because the facility's manufacturing costs per pair produced are unacceptably high relative to those at the facilities of rival companies.

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27-09-22 | 23:09:27 pm
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[solved] One of the benefits of pursuing a strategy of social responsibility and corporate citizenship is

the boost such a strategy gives to increasing the company's global sales volume and global market share of branded footwear when the company's advertising is devoted to explaining all of the socially responsible activities it is undertaking.

an enhanced image rating, provided company spending for socially responsible activities is meaningful and is sustained over a multi-year period.

the boost such a strategy gives to the company's EPS and ROE.

the positive impact that such a strategy has on worker job satisfaction and productivity.

higher sales of branded footwear at the company's Web sites (because customers are pleased with the company's commitment to being a good corporate citizen).

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27-09-22 | 23:06:58 pm
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[solved] Which of the following is not one of the potential advantages of being the first competitor to initiate a strategic move?

When a first-mover's actions are protected by patents, copyrights, or other forms of property rights, thus thwarting a response by would-be followers

When pioneering helps build a firm's image and reputation with buyers and creates strong brand loyalty

When, for various reasons, an early lead helps a company gain an absolute cost advantage over later-moving rivals

When first-time customers face significant costs in later switching to the product offerings of later entrants

When a pioneer is using a broad differentiation strategy and is striving to achieve strong differentiation keyed to three or more value drivers

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25-09-22 | 13:55:21 pm
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[solved] A company racing for global market leadership often finds it useful to enter into strategic alliances with firms in foreign countries in order to

get into critical country markets more quickly and gain inside knowledge from local partners about unfamiliar markets and cultures.

master new technologies and build valuable expertise and capabilities faster than would be possible through internal efforts alone

employ a low-cost provider strategy in those country markets where buyers are extremely price sensitive.

quickly achieve strong brand name recognition in those new country markets that are "top-priority" because of the large size of their populations.

access the financial resources needed to launch powerful offensive strategies in important country markets.

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25-09-22 | 13:52:07 pm
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[solved] The Achilles heel (or biggest disadvantage/danger/pitfall) of relying heavily on strategic alliances and partnerships is

that partners will not fully cooperate or share all they know, preferring instead to guard their most valuable information and protect their more valuable know-how.

the added time and extra expenses associated with engaging in collaborative efforts.

becoming dependent on other companies for essential expertise and capabilities.

having to compromise the company's own priorities and strategies in reaching agreements with partners.

that the collaborative arrangements seldom live up to expectations and, therefore, turn out to be a waste of time and money.

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25-09-22 | 13:49:47 pm
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[solved] A good example of vertical integration is

a large steak and seafood restaurant chain opening a retail store specializing in fresh seafood.

a large global bank acquiring a small local or regional bank.

a fast food chain acquiring a chain of casual dining restaurants.

a hospital opening up a wellness and fitness center.

a company that refines crude oil into gasoline purchasing a firm engaged in drilling and exploring for oil.

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25-09-22 | 13:46:30 pm
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[solved] Based on Figure 6.1, which one of the following is not a strategic action that a company can take to complement its choice of one of the five generic competitive strategies and maximize the power of its overall strategy?

Entering into strategic alliances or partnerships with other enterprises

What type of website strategy to employ

Using merger and acquisition strategies to strengthen the company's competitiveness

Exerting additional efforts to achieve strong product differentiation

Employing defensive moves to protect the company's market position

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25-09-22 | 13:44:02 pm
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[solved] Which one of the following statements about offensive strategies is false?

Among the best behaviors and principles to employ in an offensive strategy is employing the element of surprise as opposed to doing what rivals expect and are prepared for.

One of the most potent strategic offensives is to grant volume discounts or better financing terms to dealers and distributors to discourage them from experimenting with the products of rival firms, particularly those products of close competitors.

A strategic offensive spearheaded by relatively weak company resources and capabilities has dim prospects for success.

The best offensives use a company’s most potent resources and capabilities to attack rivals where they are competitively weakest.

It takes successful offensive strategies to build competitive advantage, widen an existing advantage, or narrow the advantage held by a strong competitor.

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25-09-22 | 13:41:23 pm
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[solved] Which of the following is typically the most compelling strategic reason for pursuing forward vertical integration?

To reduce the risk of disruptions in the delivery of the company's products to end-users

To be able to establish personal relationships with consumers who purchase the company's products/services

To increase the volume and profitability of selling direct to customers at the company's website

To raise the overall caliber of customer service the company provides to buyers

To gain better access to end users, improve market visibility, and enhance brand name awareness

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25-09-22 | 13:39:12 pm
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[solved] Which one of the following is not a defensive option for protecting a company's market share and competitive position?

Introducing new features, adding new models, and/or broadening the product line to close off gaps and vacant niches to opportunity-seeking challengers

Granting volume discounts or better financing terms to dealers and distributors to discourage them from experimenting with other suppliers 

Trying to convince dealers/distributors to handle the company's product line exclusively (which, if successful, forces competitors to use other distribution outlets)

Pursuing continuous product innovation to draw sales and market share away from rivals with comparatively weak product innovation capabilities

Thwarting the efforts of rivals to attack with a lower price by maintaining a lineup of product selections that includes economy-priced options for price-sensitive buyers

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25-09-22 | 13:36:04 pm
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[solved] Which of the following is not among the potential advantages of outsourcing value chain activities presently performed in-house?

Streamlining company operations in ways that improve organizational flexibility or speed the time it takes to get new products to market

Helping the company assemble diverse kinds of expertise speedily and efficiently

Allowing a company to concentrate on its core business, leverage its key resources, and do even better what it already does best

Reducing a company's risk exposure to changing technology or shifting buyer preferences

Facilitating stronger product differentiation and the achievement of a differentiation-based competitive advantage

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25-09-22 | 13:33:16 pm
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[solved] A blue ocean strategy

seeks to gain a dramatic and durable competitive advantage by abandoning efforts to beat out competitors in existing markets and, instead, moving to a "blue ocean" market space where the industry does not really exist yet, is untainted by competition, and offers wide open opportunity for profitable and rapid growth.

involves a preemptive strike to secure an advantageous position in a fast-growing market segment.

involves attacking strong rivals by offering buyers an equally good or better product at a lower price.

is a defensive strategy that can be used by a market leader to protect against rivals' efforts to steal its customers.

works best when a company has numerous resource strengths and capabilities and wishes to go on the offensive to become the global market share leader.

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25-09-22 | 13:31:19 pm
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[solved] The difference between a merger and an acquisition is that

in a merger the companies retain their original names whereas in an acquisition the name of the company being acquired is changed to be the name of the acquiring company.

a merger is a combination of three or more companies whereas an acquisition is combination of just two companies

a merger is the combining of two or more companies into a newly created company that usually takes on a different name, whereas an acquisition is a combination in which one company, the acquirer, purchases and absorbs the operations of another company, the acquired.

a merger involves one company purchasing the assets of another company with cash, whereas an acquisition involves a company acquiring another company by buying all of the shares of its common stock.

a merger involves combining the strategies of the merged companies into a single new strategy whereas an acquisition involves both the acquiring company and the acquired company continuing to pursue their respective strategies.

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25-09-22 | 13:28:10 pm
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[solved] When an alliance among two or more enterprises involves formal ownership ties, it is called

a merger.

a collaborative ownership arrangement.

a joint venture.

a partnership.

a multi-owner, mutually-beneficial enterprise.

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25-09-22 | 13:25:27 pm
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[solved] Which of the following conditions do not constitute a late-mover advantage (or first-mover disadvantage)?

When customer loyalty to the pioneer is low and a first-mover's skills, know-how, and actions are easily copied or even surpassed

When technological change is rapid and follower firms (and maybe even cautious late-movers) find it easy to leapfrog a first-mover with more attractive next-version products

The lack of any barriers to entering into an alliance or merging with another firm

When pioneering leadership is more costly than imitating followership

When buyers are skeptical about the benefits of a new technology or product being pioneered by a first-mover

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25-09-22 | 13:22:54 pm
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[solved] The two best reasons for investing company resources in vertical integration (either forward or backward) are to

improve the effectiveness of defensive actions to protect the company's market position and/or enable the company to be a leader in product innovation.

achieve a higher degree of product differentiation and/or shorten the time it takes to get new and improved products into the marketplace.

strengthen the company's competitive position and/or boost its profitability.

gain internal control over a bigger portion of the industry value chain and/or facilitate a company's efforts to expand into foreign geographic markets.

reduce operating costs and/or gain a first mover advantage over rivals in introducing next-generation products.

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25-09-22 | 13:19:44 pm
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[solved] Which of the following is not one of the strategic options that companies have for using their websites?

Creating as much channel conflict as possible so as to quickly learn whether all customer-related transactions should be conducted at the company's website or whether the company needs to continue selling through traditional wholesalers, distributors, and retailers

Employing a brick-and-click strategy to sell direct to consumers at the company's website while at the same time utilizing traditional wholesalers/distributors and retail outlets to access customers

Using sales at the company's website as the exclusive channel for making sales to customers

Using online sales at the company's website as a relatively minor distribution channel for achieving incremental sales

Operating a website that provides existing and potential customers with extensive product information but that relies on click-throughs to distribution channel partners to handle orders and sales transactions

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25-09-22 | 13:16:57 pm
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[SOLVED] Experience indicates that strategic alliances

stand a reasonable chance of helping a company reduce competitive disadvantage but rarely boost the competitive power of its resources and capabilities by enough to gain a competitive advantage.

are generally successful.

are rarely useful in helping a company reduce costs but may well help a company open up attractive new market opportunities.

work well when the purpose is to collaborate in developing new technologies but seldom work well in helping the partners gain better access to attractive new market opportunities.

work best when two companies that are fierce competitors decide to join forces and collaborate rather continue their warfare and ruin their chances for good profitability.

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25-09-22 | 12:23:02 pm
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[SOLVED] Which of the following conditions do not constitute a late-mover advantage (or first-mover disadvantage)?

The lack of any barriers to entering into an alliance or merging with another firm

When buyers are skeptical about the benefits of a new technology or product being pioneered by a first-mover

When technological change is rapid and follower firms (and maybe even cautious late-movers) find it easy to leapfrog a first-mover with more attractive next-version products

When customer loyalty to the pioneer is low and a first-mover's skills, know-how, and actions are easily copied or even surpassed

When pioneering leadership is more costly than imitating followership

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25-09-22 | 12:19:40 pm
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[SOLVED] A strategic alliance or partnership

has the advantage of being the cheapest means of developing new technologies and getting new products to market quickly.

is a formal agreement between two or more separate companies in which there is strategically relevant collaboration of some sort, joint contribution of resources, shared risk, shared control, and mutual dependence.

has the distinct disadvantage of preventing a company from being totally independent and self-sufficient with regard to each and every skill, resource, and capability it may need.

typically helps insulate a firm from the adverse impacts of both competitive pressures and industry driving forces, especially if the alliance is with suppliers.

is an important cross-business arrangement that allows rivals firms to operate their businesses in a more collaborative and cooperative fashion rather than resorting to competitive warfare that erodes their respective profitability.

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25-09-22 | 12:16:30 pm
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[SOLVED] Mergers and acquisitions typically aim at achieving such objectives as

putting a company in better position to deliver superior value to buyers, increasing company revenues, having a bigger and more experienced work force, and becoming a global market leader.

facilitating company efforts to pursue a blue ocean strategy, create more core competencies, and expand the number of cost driver opportunities.

transforming an important core competence into a distinctive competence and better defending against external threats to the company's continued profitability.

expanding a company's geographic coverage, creating a more cost-efficient operation out of the combined companies, and/or extending the company's business into new product categories.

speeding product innovation, improving supply chain efficiency, and boosting product quality.

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25-09-22 | 12:13:10 pm
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[SOLVED] Which of the following is not a potential advantage of backward vertical integration?

Sparing a company the uncertainty of being dependent on suppliers for crucial components or support services

Reduced business risk because of controlling a bigger portion of the overall industry value chain

Adding to a company's differentiation capabilities in those circumstances when, by performing certain activities internally that were formerly outsourced to suppliers, the company ends up with a better-quality or better-performing product, improved customer service capabilities, or in other ways is able to deliver added value to customers.

Reduced exposure to supplier price increases

Opportunities to improve a company's cost position and competitiveness by performing a broader range of value chain activities internally rather than having some of these activities performed by outside suppliers

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25-09-22 | 12:10:31 pm
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[SOLVED] Which one of the following is not a good type of rival for an offensive-minded company to target?

Small local and regional firms with limited capabilities

Runner-up firms with weaknesses in areas where the challenger is strong

Market leaders that are vulnerable

Struggling enterprises that are on the verge of going under

Companies with proven capabilities as a low-cost provider or as a best-cost provider and that also have a sizable war chest of cash and marketable securities

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25-09-22 | 12:06:51 pm
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[SOLVED] The two best reasons for investing company resources in vertical integration (either forward or backward) are to

reduce operating costs and/or gain a first mover advantage over rivals in introducing next-generation products.

achieve a higher degree of product differentiation and/or shorten the time it takes to get new and improved products into the marketplace.

improve the effectiveness of defensive actions to protect the company's market position and/or enable the company to be a leader in product innovation.

strengthen the company's competitive position and/or boost its profitability.

gain internal control over a bigger portion of the industry value chain and/or facilitate a company's efforts to expand into foreign geographic markets.

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25-09-22 | 12:03:00 pm
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[SOLVED] In which of the following instances is being a first-mover not particularly advantageous?

When first-time customers do not remain strongly loyal to pioneering firms in making repeat purchases

When the first-mover is pioneering a new technology rather than a new product

When a pioneer is already the industry's low-cost provider or best-cost provider

When the first-mover is employing a blue ocean strategy

When the first-mover already has a sizable global market share

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25-09-22 | 11:58:34 am
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[SOLVED] Which of the following is not a potential defensive move to ward off challenger firms?

Granting volume discounts or better financing terms to dealers/distributors to discourage them from experimenting with other suppliers/brands and/or trying to convince them to handle its product exclusively and force competitors to use other distribution outlets

Maintaining a war chest of cash and marketable securities

Making an occasional strong counter-response to the moves of weak competitors to enhance the firm's image as a tough defender

Using a blue ocean strategy to maneuver around competitors and concentrate on capturing unoccupied or less contested market territory

Lengthening warranties, offering free or low-cost training and support services, and providing coupons and sample giveaways to buyers most prone to experiment with using rival brands

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25-09-22 | 11:55:18 am
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[SOLVED] Which one of the following is an example of an offensive strategy?

Pursuing disruptive product innovation to create new markets

Signaling challengers that retaliation is likely

Blocking the avenues open to challengers

Introducing new features or models to fill vacant niches in its overall product offering and better match the product offerings of key rivals

Maintaining a war chest of cash and marketable securities

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25-09-22 | 11:42:34 am
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[SOLVED] Which of the following is not among the common reasons why companies enter into strategic alliances?

To overcome deficits in their own expertise and capabilities and/or bring together the personnel and expertise needed to create desirable new skill sets and capabilities

To expedite the development of promising new technologies or products

To avoid the need to employ outsourcing strategies or risk impairing their ability to strongly differentiate their products or services from the offerings of industry rivals

To improve supply chain efficiency

To acquire or improve market access through joint marketing agreements

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25-09-22 | 11:40:09 am
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[SOLVED] gain better access to end users, improve the company's market visibility, and enhance brand name awareness.

To overcome deficits in their own expertise and capabilities and/or bring together the personnel and expertise needed to create desirable new skill sets and capabilities

To expedite the development of promising new technologies or products

To avoid the need to employ outsourcing strategies or risk impairing their ability to strongly differentiate their products or services from the offerings of industry rivals

To improve supply chain efficiency

To acquire or improve market access through joint marketing agreements

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25-09-22 | 11:35:58 am
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[SOLVED] The strategic impetus for forward vertical integration is to

gain greater ability to control the retail price at which its products are sold.

achieve the same scale economies as wholesale distributors and/or retail dealers.

develop greater expertise in sales and marketing activities.

bypass distributors-dealers and sell direct to consumers at the company's website.

gain better access to end users, improve the company's market visibility, and enhance brand name awareness.

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25-09-22 | 11:34:02 am
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[solved] Based on Figure 6.1, which one of the following is not a strategic action that a company can take to complement its choice of one of the five generic competitive strategy options and maximize the power of its overall strategy?

Whether to outsource selected value chain activities

Initiating actions to compete globally instead of nationally

Initiating offensive and/or defensive strategic moves

Employing backward or forward vertical integration strategies

Entering into strategic alliances or partnerships

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25-09-22 | 11:30:23 am
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[solved] Which of the following is not one of the strategic options that companies have for using their websites?

Creating as much channel conflict as possible so as to quickly learn whether all customer-related transactions should be conducted at the company's website or whether the company needs to continue selling through traditional wholesalers, distributors, and retailers

Using sales at the company's website as the exclusive channel for making sales to customers

Using online sales at the company's website as a relatively minor distribution channel for achieving incremental sales

Operating a website that provides existing and potential customers with extensive product information but that relies on click-throughs to distribution channel partners to handle orders and sales transactions

Employing a brick-and-click strategy to sell direct to consumers at the company's website while at the same time utilizing traditional wholesalers/distributors and retail outlets to access customers

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25-09-22 | 11:24:41 am
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[solved] The big danger of outsourcing value chain activities is

increasing the firm's risk exposure to supply chain management failures and the price increases of suppliers.

making it harder and more costly for the company to control the quality of its product offering, thus impairing the value it delivers to its customers.

curtailing the company's ability to achieve strong differentiation of its products or services.

farming out too many or the wrong types of activities, thereby narrowing the scope of its capabilities in ways that unwittingly reduce or degrade its long-term competitiveness and prevent it from being a master of its own destiny.

impairing a company's distribution capability and weakening its ability to access customers directly.

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25-09-22 | 11:19:44 am
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[solved] According to Figure 4.1, which of the following is not pertinent in identifying a company's present strategy?

Efforts to expand or narrow the company's geographic coverage and the initiatives being made to build competitive advantage

Management's planned, proactive moves to attract customers and outcompete rivals

The number and type of core competencies a company has and the kinds of activities that comprise its value chain

The company's actions to respond and react to changing conditions in the macro-environment or in industry and competitive conditions

The key functional strategies (R&D, supply chain management, production, sales and marketing, information technology, HR, and finance) a company is employing

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23-09-22 | 23:48:08 pm
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[solved] Which of the following most accurately qualify as valuable company resources?

Big profit margins, more than 2 core competencies, and more global distribution centers than key rivals

More distinctive competencies than core competencies, an above-average market share, national geographic coverage, and having more personnel assigned to customer service activities than close rivals

State-of-the-art manufacturing plants and/or equipment and/or distribution facilities; the cumulative learning and know-how of key personnel and work groups; cash and marketable securities; a strong balance sheet and credit rating; and a strong network of distributors and/or retail dealers

A large volume of unit sales, modern production plants, and a large number of newly-introduced products

More primary value chain activities than close rivals, more plants than any other company in the industry, and a bigger work force than key rivals

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23-09-22 | 23:44:57 pm
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[solved] The external market opportunities most relevant to a company are those that

help defend against the external threats to its well-being and future profitability.

will help the company increase its market share.

allow it to build a distinctive competence.

can be pursued with its competitively strong resources and capabilities, offer the best prospects of growth and profitability, and present the most potential for achieving competitive advantage.

allow it to operate at 100% of production capacity (so as to avoid incurring the added cost burdens of having too much unutilized plant capacity).

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23-09-22 | 23:42:48 pm
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[solved] SWOT analysis

is a tool for gauging how well a company's strategy is matched to industry key success factors and for benchmarking the cost-effectiveness of its value chain.

is a potent analytical tool for identifying the reasons why a company's strategy is or is not working very well and whether it has dynamic and competitively valuable capabilities.

is a reliable way to identify the drivers of a company's profitability.

is a simple and powerful tool for assessing a company's overall situation--specifically, its competitively important internal strengths and weaknesses, its market opportunities, and the external threats to its future well-being.

reveals whether a company has competitively stronger resources and capabilities than its closest rivals.

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23-09-22 | 23:40:41 pm
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[solved] The value of doing a weighted competitive strength assessment is to

learn how the company ranks relative to rivals on each of the important factors that determine market success and ascertain whether the company has a net competitive advantage or disadvantage versus its closest rivals.

determine whether a company's resources and capabilities are potent enough to allow it to capture a bigger market share than its closest rivals.

learn whether a company has enough resource and capabilities to be profitable.

determine how competitively powerful the company's core competencies are.

learn if the company has a more cost-efficient value chain than rivals.

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23-09-22 | 23:38:18 pm
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[solved] In Table 4.2, which of the following is not an example of an external threat to a company's future profitability?

Vulnerability to unfavorable industry driving forces; unfavorable trade policies and tariffs

Adverse demographic changes that threaten to curtail demand for the industry's product

Growing bargaining power of buyers and/or suppliers

Having too few resources and capabilities that are well-matched to the company's available market opportunities

Costly new regulatory requirements; rising prices for energy or other key inputs

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23-09-22 | 23:36:25 pm
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[solved] According to Figure 4.5, a company that does a first-rate job of managing its value chain activities relative to competitors

is in excellent position to strongly differentiate its product offering from the offerings of rival firms and thus achieve a differentiation-based competitive advantage.

may be able to achieve competitive advantage either by performing its certain differentiation-enhancing value chain activities more proficiently than rivals (thus gaining a differentiation-based competitive advantage keyed to delivering what customers perceive as a superior product offering) or by performing certain value chain activities more cheaply than rivals (thus achieving a cost-based competitive advantage).

stands a good chance of being the industry leader in using best practices to perform its primary value chain activities and thereby gaining a competitive advantage based on dedicated use of best practices.

is likely to have more cost-saving distinctive competencies than rivals and thus possess good ability to gain a competitive advantage over rivals based on performing value chain activities very cost-efficiently.

is likely to have a greater number of competitively potent resources and capabilities than rivals and thus greater ability to achieve a sustainable competitive advantage.

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23-09-22 | 23:34:50 pm
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[solved] In a weighted competitive strength assessment like the one illustrated in Table 4.3, the measures selected as indicators of competitive strength should be based on

industry key success factors and other telling measures of competitive strength or weakness.

those factors that are the biggest determinants of a company's revenues and sales volume.

those factors that are the biggest determinants of company profitability.

those factors that are the biggest determinants of whether industry members have above-average, close to average, or below-average market shares.

those factors and product attributes that buyers will find most appealing.

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23-09-22 | 23:33:10 pm
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[solved] Two useful tools for determining whether a company's customer value proposition, prices, and costs are competitive are

competitive strength analysis and SWOT analysis.

SWOT analysis and key success factor analysis.

SWOT analysis and activity-based costing analysis.

competitive position assessment and activity-based costing.

value chain analysis and benchmarking.

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23-09-22 | 23:31:23 pm
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[solved] Which one of the following statements is false when it comes to using value chain analysis to determine a company's cost competitiveness?

Whether a company's costs are competitive with those of its close rivals depends on how the costs of its internally-performed value chain activities compare with the costs of the internally-performed value chain activities of its close rivals.

The combined costs of all the various primary and support activities comprising a company's value chain define the company's internal cost structure.

Evaluating a company's cost-competitiveness involves using what accountants call activity-based costing to determine the costs of performing each value chain activity.

A company's cost-competitiveness depends not only on the costs of internally performed activities (its own value chain) but also on costs in the value chains of its suppliers and distribution channel allies.

A company's own internal costs are insufficient to assess whether its product offering and customer value proposition are competitive with those of rivals.

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23-09-22 | 23:25:47 pm
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[solved] When a company performs a competitively important activity better than rivals, it is said to have

a distinctive competence in performing that activity.

a core competence in performing that activity.

a sustainable competitive advantage over rivals based on dynamic capabilities.

a competitive capability.

a competitively valuable resource strength.

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23-09-22 | 23:21:37 pm
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[solved] The competitive power of a company resource or capability does not hinge on which one of the following?

Whether the resource or capability represents a technological asset or a marketing asset

How much it helps a company improve its customer value proposition, its role in the company's profit proposition, and the degree to which it enables the company to compete effectively against rivals

Whether many or most rivals have much the same resource or capability

How easily it can be trumped by substitute resources and capabilities of rivals

How hard it is for competitors to copy

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23-09-22 | 23:19:14 pm
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[solved] In Table 4.2, which one of the following is not an example of a potential weakness or competitive deficiency that a company may have?

A weaker dealer network than key rivals and/or weak global distribution capability

No distinctive competence in producing a high-quality product

Weaker product quality, R&D, and/or technological know-how than key rivals

Too much underutilized plant capacity and/or short on financial resources to grow the business and pursue promising initiatives

In an overcrowded strategic group; plagued with internal operating problems or obsolete facilities

 

 

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23-09-22 | 23:15:57 pm
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[solved] The three steps of SWOT analysis are

determining whether the company has more internal strengths than internal weaknesses, determining whether the company has good market opportunities, and evaluating the seriousness of the threats to the company's future well-being.

identifying the company's competitive assets, determining whether it enjoys a competitive advantage, and deciding how best to correct the company's competitive deficiencies.

identifying the company's competitively important strengths and weaknesses and its opportunities and threats, drawing conclusions about the company's overall business situation, and translating the conclusions into strategic actions and an overall strategy that is well-matched to the company's overall situation.

determining if the company has more resource strengths than close rivals, identifying the company's market opportunities and the external threats it faces, and determining the company's potential for achieving a sustainable competitive advantage.

matching the company's strategy to its competitive strengths, correcting the company's two to three biggest competitive weaknesses, and identifying the company's best market opportunities.

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23-09-22 | 23:14:11 pm
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[solved] Which of the following is an accurate interpretation of the overall competitive strength ratings that result from doing a competitive strength assessment (as illustrated in Table 4.3 and explained in the accompanying discussion)?

The higher a company's overall competitive strength score/rating the stronger is its competitiveness and ability to compete successfully against rival industry members; low scores signal weak competitiveness and probable competitive disadvantage compared to rivals with higher scores.

The company with the highest score/rating is excellently positioned to be the most profitable company in the industry while the company with the lowest score is likely to be the least profitable company in the industry.

The company with the highest score/rating has the greatest number of competitively valuable resources and capabilities while the company with the lowest score has the smallest number of competitively valuable resources and capabilities.

The company with the highest score/rating is excellently positioned to have the biggest market share in the industry while the company with the lowest score is likely to have the lowest market share in the industry.

High scores/ratings indicate which rivals are most vulnerable to competitive attack and low scores indicate companies with strong defenses against competitive attack.

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23-09-22 | 23:12:07 pm
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[solved] Which one of the following provides the most accurate picture of whether a company is cost competitive with its rivals?

How the combined costs of a company's internally performed activities, the activities performed by its suppliers, and the activities performed by its forward channel allies compare against the costs of the supplier-performed, internally-performed, and forward channel ally-performed value chain systems employed by rival firms

How the costs of the company's production and marketing activities compare against the costs of the production and marketing activities of rival companies

How the costs of the company's primary value chain activities compare against the costs of the primary value chain activities of rival companies

How the costs of the company's internally performed activities compare against the costs of the internally-performed activities of rival companies

How the value chain costs of a company's suppliers and forward channel allies compare against the value chain costs of rival companies' suppliers and forward channel allies

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23-09-22 | 23:09:44 pm
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[solved] Which of the following is not a component of evaluating a company's collection of resources and capabilities, the competitiveness of its prices and internal operating costs, and its competitive strength versus rivals?

Pinpointing what strategic issues and problems top management need to address in crafting a strategy to fit the company's situation

Evaluating whether the company is competitively stronger or weaker than key rivals

Identifying the company's important resources and capabilities, and evaluating whether they have the competitive power to produce a competitive advantage over rival companies?

Scanning the external environment to determine which company strengths offer the best prospects for achieving sustainable competitive advantage

Assessing whether the company's costs and prices are competitive with those of key rivals, and whether it has an appealing customer value proposition

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23-09-22 | 23:07:53 pm
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[solved] Compiling a "worry list" that zeros in on exactly which strategic issues company managers need to worry about and consider in crafting a strategy well-suited to the company's specific circumstances is an important analytical step because

the "worry list" serves as an agenda of items that need to be addressed in crafting a set of strategic actions that fit the company's overall external and internal situation.

without a precise fix on what problems/roadblocks a company confronts, managers are less clear about which value chain activities to benchmark and what resources and capabilities are needed to be competitively successful.

the worry list identifies the specific issues and problems that company managers must address and resolve in order to wisely chart a strategic path for the company to take and decide upon an appropriate strategic intent.

the "worry list" helps company managers determine how best to modify the company's value chain, what type of competitive advantage to try to create, and how best to maximize profitability.

without a clear fix on what problems/issues a company confronts, managers cannot know what the industry's driving forces and key success factors are.

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23-09-22 | 23:05:05 pm
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[solved] Which of the following is not one of the objectives of benchmarking?

To take action to emulate the "best practice" of another company whenever benchmarking reveals that the company's own costs and results of performing an activity are not on a par with what one or more other companies have achieved

To identify the best means of performing an activity that is being benchmarked

To develop cross-company comparisons of the costs of performing specific value chain activities

To learn which company in an industry is using the greatest number of best practices in performing its value chain activities and thus very likely has the industry's lowest cost value chain

To learn how other companies have actually achieved lower costs or better results in performing benchmarked activities

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23-09-22 | 23:02:25 pm
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[solved] Which of the following is not a means of lowering the otherwise high costs of internally-performed value chain activities?

Outsourcing certain high-cost activities being performed internally to outside vendors or contractors who can perform them more cheaply than they can be performed in-house

Implementing the use of best practices throughout the company, but most particularly for those activities where costs are higher than those of some or many rivals

Implementing an activity-based cost accounting system that identifies high-cost activities and then eliminating those activities with the highest costs from the company's value chain

Ceasing to perform activities of minimal value to customers

Relocating high-cost activities (such as manufacturing) to geographic areas like Southeast Asia or Latin America or Eastern Europe where they can be performed more cheaply

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23-09-22 | 22:57:02 pm
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[solved] The term "triple bottom line" refers to

the three most frequently used measures of profitability--gross profit, operating profit, and net profit.

the three outcomes that underlie good corporate citizenship: conducting business according to high ethical standards, demonstration of an exemplary environmental sustainability strategy, and significant ongoing contributions to the better of society as a whole.

the three performance measures that a company considers to be most important.

the three types of bottom line results society should rightfully expect of all businesses: delivering value to shareholders, delivering value to customers, and delivering value to society as a whole.

the practice among some companies to measure their performance in the social responsibility arena by setting formal performance targets in three areas: "profit, people, and planet"--this set of performance targets is often referred to as the company's "triple bottom line" or TBL.

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22-09-22 | 13:21:30 pm
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[solved] Multinational companies

are well advised to rely upon the principle of ethical relativism for guidance in how to conduct their activities because it is far more sensible for a multinational company to take the position that it is ethically okay for company personnel to pay bribes and kickbacks in countries where such payments are customary but that it is not ethically permissible for company personnel to pay bribes and kickbacks in those countries where bribes and kickbacks are considered unethical or illegal.

operating in countries where ethical standards vary considerably from country to country quickly find themselves on a slippery slope with no locally credible guiding moral authority if they insist on having a single companywide code of ethical standards that applies to all company personnel in all countries where the company operates.

that wish to be respectful of local customs and ethical standards should give company personnel sufficient wiggle room to pay bribes and kickbacks in those countries where the payment of bribes and kickbacks are customary and to forbid the payment of bribes and kickbacks in those countries where they are considered unethical or illegal.

face a real dilemma in basing their standards of what is ethical and what is unethical on the principle of ethical universalism because it is much better and easier for them to operate with multiple sets of ethical standards (sometimes one for each country, so as to be respectful and accommodative of local customs and traditions).

that forbid the payment of bribes and kickbacks in their codes of ethical conduct and that are serious about enforcing this prohibition are acting in accord with the principles of the school of ethical universalism and are rejecting the principles underlying the school of ethical relativism.

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22-09-22 | 13:19:21 pm
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[solved] According to ongoing research by Berlin-based Transparency International,

corruption in business transactions is relatively low across the world but corruption among public officials in a majority of the world's countries is a serious problem.

corruption among public officials and in business transactions is widespread across the world.

corruption in business occurs in roughly 30% of business transactions across the world and the percentage has been steady for the past 5 years.

businesspeople are more corrupt on average than public officials.

corruption in business transactions is a problem in fewer than 15% of the countries of the world, but the percentage is increasing.

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22-09-22 | 13:17:29 pm
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[solved] A company's environmental sustainability strategy concerns

its deliberate actions to protect the environment, provide for the longevity of natural resources, maintain ecological support systems for future generations, and guard against ultimate endangerment of the planet.

its action plan for reducing global warming.

its action plan for reducing energy consumption and shifting to renewable energy sources.

its plans for promoting organic farming and increased public consumption of organic foods.

the time and money it plans to spend in collaborating with other businesses to prevent climate change.

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22-09-22 | 13:14:54 pm
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[solved] Ethical principles in business

are universal and do not vary significantly from country to country.

concern the company-specified values and behaviors that senior executives expect all personnel to observe and display in the course of doing their jobs.

are generally less permissive than the ethical principles for society at large.

are generally more permissive than the ethical principles for society at large.

are not materially different from ethical principles in general because business actions must be judged in the context of society's standards of what is ethically right and wrong, not by a special set of rules that apply just to business conduct.

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22-09-22 | 13:12:07 pm
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[solved] According to the ethical relativism school of thought,

if the payment of bribes/kickbacks is legal in a particular country, then it is ethical for a company to pay bribes/kickbacks in conducting its business activities in that country, no matter what the legality of paying bribes/kickbacks happens to be in other countries.

whether the payment of bribes/kickbacks is ethically acceptable or not hinges upon the ethical standards that each industry establishes for its member businesses.

it is very clear that the payment of bribes and kickbacks is ethically impermissible even in those countries and situations where it is the local custom to engage in such payments.

because local ethical standards take precedence over ethical standards elsewhere, then if the payment of bribes/kickbacks is acceptable in a particular country, it is ethically acceptable for a company to pay bribes/kickbacks in conducting its business activities in that country.

businesses have the flexibility to set their own standards for deciding whether the payment of bribes/kickbacks is ethically acceptable or not.

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22-09-22 | 13:09:14 pm
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[solved] Which of the following are major drivers of unethical strategies and business behavior?

A company culture that puts profitability and good business performance ahead of ethical behavior; lax oversight by company boards of directors that enables unscrupulous pursuit of personal gain, wealth, and other selfish interests; and heavy pressures on company managers to meet or beat short-term performance targets

The drive among most businesses to maximize profits and return on capital investment, the ethically corrupt nature of most businesspeople, and a lack on the part of many companies to implement and strongly enforce codes of ethical conduct

Fierce competitive pressures that inflict losses on companies and may even force some to file for bankruptcy, lax government enforcement of ethical standards and ethical business conduct, and the ease with which businesspeople who engage in unethical behavior can bribe corrupt public officials not to prosecute them or their companies

A lack on the part of many companies to implement and strongly enforce codes of ethical conduct, the excessively strong profit motive that pervades the business community, and the obscenely high bonuses and stock options paid to top executives that motivate/cause these overpaid executives to violate ethical standards

The excessively strong profit motive that pervades the business community, the excessive bonuses and stock options that top executives can earn if company profits are excellent, and a widespread belief in the business community that ethical behavior is not necessary or even relevant

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22-09-22 | 13:07:45 pm
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[solved] Moral managers

are ethically-principled as long as they see such behavior being in their own self-interest.

try to stay within ethical bounds for fear of being caught doing something unethical and having their careers ruined.

are sometimes skeptical about certain ethical standards but they feel strongly obligated to observe the company's code of ethics and ethical standards in general.

see themselves as stewards of ethical behavior, are ethically principled, and believe it is important to pursue success in business within the confines of both the letter and spirit of what is ethical and legal.

view what is legal as also ethical.

 

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22-09-22 | 13:04:39 pm
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[solved] According to the school of ethical universalism,

it is up to each business to set its own standards for deciding whether the use of underage labor is ethically acceptable or not.

if the use of underage labor is acceptable in a particular culture/society/country, then it is ethical for a company to use underage labor in conducting its business activities in that culture/society/country.

if the use of underage labor is legal in a particular country, then it is ethical for a company to use underage labor in conducting its business activities in that country, no matter what the legality of using underage labor happens to be in other countries.

there are ample grounds for rejecting the principle of ethical relativism that the use of underage labor is ethically permissible in those countries, societies, and situations where the use of child labor is normal and customary (and also legal).

whether the use of underage labor is ethically acceptable or not hinges upon the ethical standards that each country government establishes for businesses located within its boundaries.

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22-09-22 | 13:02:24 pm
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[solved] Which one of the following is not a particularly sound or valid reason why deliberate pursuit of unethical strategies and tolerance of unethical conduct is a risky business practice?

Companies that engage in shady behavior usually suffer big drops in sales revenues and are unlikely to be profitable for as many as 5 to 10 years after their unethical conduct is exposed in the media

An unethical strategy and/or unethical conduct on the part of company personnel can badly damage a company's reputation and also damage the reputations and job security of the personnel involved

The costs of ethical misconduct can easily run into the hundreds of millions and even billions of dollars, especially if they provoke widespread public outrage and many people were harmed

Buyers shun companies caught up in highly publicized ethical scandals and companies with tarnished reputations have difficulty in recruiting and retaining talented employees because many people consider a company's ethical reputation when deciding whether to accept a job offer

A company's unethical behavior can do considerable damage to shareholders in the form of lost revenues, higher costs, lower profits, lower stock prices, and a diminished business reputation

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22-09-22 | 13:00:09 pm
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[solved] Which one of the following is not an aspect of socially responsible behavior and good corporate citizenship?

Actions to protect or enhance the environment and, in particular, to minimize or eliminate any adverse impact on the environment stemming from the company's own business activities

Actions to build a workforce that is diverse with respect to gender, race, national origin, and perhaps other aspects that different people bring to the workplace

Actions to keep the prices the company charges for its products/services low enough to prevent the company's profits from being viewed by the general public as obscenely high or exorbitant

Actions to create a work environment that enhances the quality of life for employees and makes the company a great place to work

Making charitable contributions, supporting worthy organizational causes, participating in community service activities, helping to make a difference in the lives of the disadvantaged, and trying to better the quality of life in society at large

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22-09-22 | 12:57:16 pm
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[solved] The categories of managerial morality include:

managers with lots of integrity, managers with some integrity, and managers with no integrity.

mostly ethical managers, somewhat ethical managers, and totally unethical managers.

managers who behave ethically virtually all of the time, managers who behave ethically most of the time, and managers who behave ethically when it is in their best interest to do so and unethically when it is in their best interest to do so.

moral managers, immoral managers, and amoral managers.

managers who are "true believers" in high ethical standards, managers who claim to believe in high ethical standards but who nonetheless engage in unethical behavior whenever they deem it in their best economic interest to do so, and if-it-is-legal-then-it-is-ethical managers.

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22-09-22 | 12:55:13 pm
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[solved] According to integrative social contracts theory,

a company's first duty and responsibility is to be respectful of and responsive to the ethical standards and norms of the each of the countries in which it operates.

the slippery slope of ethical universalism should be rejected and the principles of ethical relativism should be embraced.

the Code of Expected Ethical Conduct developed by the United Nations represents a pragmatic and effective compromise of the best parts of the ethical standards advocated by the school of ethical universalism and the ethical standards advocated by the school of ethical relativism.

each country's ethical norms and customs form a "social contract" that all individuals, groups, organizations, and businesses in that country have a duty to observe; this contract draws a clear and bright the line between actions and behaviors that are ethically permissible and those that are not and must be strictly observed in all circumstances in that particular country.

universal ethical principles or norms based on the collective views of multiple cultures and societies combine to form a "social contract" that is binding on all individuals, groups, organizations, and businesses; however, within the bounds defined by universal ethical principles, there is legitimate room (or "moral free space") for local cultures or groups to specify what other actions may or may not be ethically permissible.

 

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22-09-22 | 12:51:03 pm
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[solved] The thesis that common moral agreement about right and wrong actions and behaviors across multiple cultures and countries form the basis for universal ethical standards applicable to the members of all societies, all companies, and all businesspeople is associated with

the school of ethical relativism.

integrative social contracts theory.

the Code of Ethical and Moral Behavior adopted by the United Nations and ratified by a majority of member nations.

the widely used and authoritative Statement of Universal Ethical Principles developed by the Global Center for Universal Ethical Standards in Brussels, Belgium.

the school of ethical universalism.

 

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22-09-22 | 12:47:38 pm
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[solved] According to the school of ethical relativism,

it is generally best to avoid use of a "one-size-fits-all" template for judging the ethical appropriateness of business actions and the behaviors of company personnel because any standard of ethically right and wrong behavior is subject to varying interpretation.

what constitutes ethical or unethical conduct varies according to the religious convictions of each society or each culture within a country.

differing religious beliefs, historic traditions and customs, core values and beliefs, and behavioral norms across countries and cultures give rise to multiple sets of standards concerning what is ethically right or wrong; these different standards translate into differences about what is considered ethical or unethical in the conduct of business activities,

there can be no single standard for judging ethically right and wrong behavior because each culture and each country should always have complete freedom to determine its own standards of what is and is not ethically permissible.

it is appropriate for ethical standards as they apply to business behavior to vary from business situation to business situation because of the varying circumstances that accompany different business situations.

 

 

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22-09-22 | 12:42:41 pm
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[solved] Which one of the following statements about the projected unit sales volumes per company in the table on p.6 of the Player's Guide is false?

 

 

Unit sales volumes per company of private-label footwear in Years 11-13 are projected to be higher in the Asia-Pacific and Latin America regions than in the North America and Europe-Africa regions.

The unit sales volumes of private-label footwear per company in the Asia-Pacific region in Years 11-13 are projected to be the same as in Latin America. 

The unit sales volumes of private-label footwear per company in the Europe-Africa region in Years 11-13 are projected to be the same as in North America. 

The projected unit sales volumes of private-label footwear per company in Europe-Africa in Years 11-13 are higher than in North America.

The unit sales volumes per company in North America in Year 12 are projected to be 2,640,000 pairs of branded footwear and 246,000 pairs of private-label footwear.

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14-09-22 | 18:41:54 pm
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[solved] The projected percentage growth in buyer demand for private-label athletic footwear is

10-12% annually in North America region during the Year 16-Year 20 period and 12-14% annually in Europe-Africa region during the Year 16-Year 20 period.

higher than the projected growth for branded footwear in the Asia Pacific and Latin America regions in both the Year 11-15 and Year 16-20 periods.

10-12% annually in Latin America during the Year 11-Year 15 period, declining to 8-10% annually during the Year 16-Year 20 period.

5-7% annually worldwide, during the Year 11-Year 15 period, increasing to 7-9% annually during the Year 16-Year 20 period.

12-14% annually in the Europe-Africa region during Years 11-15 and 10-12% annually in Latin America during Years 11-15.

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14-09-22 | 16:53:23 pm
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Cozy's product manager continues to perform well

Cozy's product manager continues to perform well in the market. However, a competing product is coming on strong and is looking to take over as the market share leader in the segment. Without sacrificing contribution margin, what can the Cozy product manager do in order to improve upon the buying criteria, and thus potentially increase demand?

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12-09-22 | 12:02:14 pm
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Cozy's product manager continues to perform well

Cozy's product manager continues to perform well in the market. However, a competing product is coming on strong and is looking to take over as the market share leader in the segment. Without sacrificing contribution margin, what can the Cozy product manager do in order to improve upon the buying criteria, and thus potentially increase demand?

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12-09-22 | 12:01:58 pm
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[solved] Which of the following are most unlikely to qualify as driving forces?

Changes in an industry's long-term growth rate, the entry or exit of major firms, and changes in cost and efficiency

Emerging new Internet technology applications, reductions in uncertainty and business risk, regulatory influences, and government policy changes

Mounting competition from substitutes, increasing efforts on the part of industry members to collaborate with suppliers, and the speed with which the number of industry key success factors is either rising or falling

Product innovation and changes in who buys the industry's product and how they use it

Increasing globalization of the industry and marketing innovation

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11-09-22 | 23:52:40 pm
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[solved] Whether buyer bargaining power poses a strong or weak source of competitive pressure on industry members depends in part on

whether entry barriers are high or low and the pool of likely entry candidates is big or small.

the price sensitivity of buyers, whether buyer switching costs are high or low, and how well-informed buyers are about the product offerings of industry members.

whether the profit margins of sellers are relatively high or low.

whether buyer demand is local, regional, national, or global.

whether the overall quality of the products/services of industry members is rising or falling

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11-09-22 | 23:51:16 pm
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[solved] The bargaining leverage of suppliers is stronger when

suppliers provide an item that accounts for a sizable fraction of the costs of the industry's product.

there are no good substitutes for the items being furnished by the suppliers and when there are only a few "preferred" suppliers of a particular input.

industry members purchase in large quantities and thus are important customers of the suppliers.

the products of suppliers are weakly differentiated and the supplier industry is composed of more than five suppliers.

industry members are a threat to integrate backward into the business of suppliers and to self-manufacture their own requirements.

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11-09-22 | 23:50:09 pm
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[solved] Which of the following is generally not considered as a barrier to entry?

Weak brand preferences and low degrees of customer loyalty to existing brands

High capital requirements

The ability and willingness of industry incumbents to launch strong defensive maneuvers to maintain their positions and make it harder for a newcomer to build a clientele

The cost advantages enjoyed by industry members due to scale economies (in production, distribution, or other activities), favorable locations, and/or low fixed costs

The difficulties of building a network of distributors-retailers and securing adequate space on retailers' shelves

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11-09-22 | 23:48:54 pm
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[solved] A very revealing indicator of whether potential entry is a strong or weak competitive force in the marketplace is

whether potential entrants have ample cash on hand to fund the capital requirements to enter the industry.

how formidable the entry barriers are for each type of potential entrant and whether most companies already in the industry are making money or losing money.

whether existing industry members have sufficient capacity to supply the expected growth in buyer demand.

whether industry incumbents will or will not have a cost advantage over new entrants.

whether the industry's growth and profit prospects are strongly attractive to potential entry candidates.

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11-09-22 | 23:47:07 pm
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[solved] Which one of the following generally does not act to weaken the rivalry among competing sellers?

Strongly differentiated products among rival sellers

Industry conditions that tempt rivals to use price cuts or other competitive weapons to boost unit sales

A situation where a few large sellers have the majority of sales and dominant market shares

Rapid growth in buyer demand

High buyer switching costs

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11-09-22 | 23:45:34 pm
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[solved] Just how strong the competitive pressures are from substitute products depends in part on whether

the producers of substitutes have strong product innovation capabilities.

industry members face strong bargaining power from their most influential customers.

the readily available substitute products have comparable or better performance features and are attractively priced.

industry members make purchases frequently or infrequently.

there are fewer than five online sellers of substitute products with widespread brand name recognition.

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11-09-22 | 23:44:02 pm
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[solved] The term strategic group refers to

those members of an industry that confront the same types of competitive pressures and are combating the same kinds of driving forces.

those industry rivals that are charging about the same prices for their products/services.

a cluster of industry rivals that employ similar competitive approaches, have product offerings that appeal to similar types of buyers, and thus occupy similar market positions.

those industry rivals whose products are of very similar quality.

a cluster of industry rivals that have differentiated their product offerings in essentially identical ways.

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11-09-22 | 23:42:43 pm
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[solved] As a rule, the stronger the collective impact of the five competitive forces,

the fewer the number of industry key success factors.

the larger the number of competitive advantage opportunities for industry members.

the lower the combined profitability of industry participants.

the stronger are the industry's driving forces.

the fewer the number of industry members that can earn a profit by charging premium prices for highly differentiated products.

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11-09-22 | 23:41:26 pm
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[solved] The competitive threat that outsiders will enter a market is weaker when

existing industry members are looking to expand their market reach by entering product segments or geographic areas where they currently do not have a presence.

it takes new entrants longer than 6 months to secure attractive amounts of space on retailers' shelves and build a well-recognized brand name.

entry barriers are high, the pool of entry candidates is small, and buyer demand is growing slowly or is stagnant.

more than three of the existing industry members have lost money during the past 5 years.

buyers have little loyalty to the brands and product offerings of existing industry members.

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11-09-22 | 23:39:27 pm
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[solved] Competitive pressures stemming from the threat of entry are stronger when

the industry outlook is risky or uncertain.

industry incumbents have competitive arsenals that are formidable enough to put obstacles in a newcomer's path and potentially defeat its strategic efforts to become a successful and profitable competitor.

there are fewer than 20 potential entry candidates and more than 10 firms are already in the industry.

incumbent firms have cost advantages that are difficult for a newcomer to replicate.

the pool of entry candidates is large and some have adequate resources to overcome entry barriers and combat defensive actions of existing industry.

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11-09-22 | 23:38:00 pm
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[solved] What makes the marketplace a competitive battlefield is

the ongoing jockeying and maneuvering among rivals to cut costs, charge the lowest price in the industry, steal customers away from rivals, and drive their weakest rivals out of business.

the constant jockeying of industry members to deploy whatever means in their business arsenals they believe will attract and retain buyers, enhance their competitive strength vis-a-vis rivals, and yield the best profitability.

the ongoing race among rival sellers to add new and improved product features so as to have the highest quality product in the industry.

the race among industry members to see who can employ the most powerful strategic offensive, take sales and market share away from rivals, and drive one or more rivals out of business.

the ongoing efforts of industry members to introduce innovative next-generation products/services at a faster rate than their rivals.

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11-09-22 | 23:36:15 pm
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[solved] The "driving forces" in an industry

are usually triggered by changing technology, the entry of important new competitors, or the exit of several important industry members.

are usually triggered by shifting buyer needs and expectations or by the appearance of new substitute products.

usually are spawned by growing demand for the product, the outbreak of price-cutting, and unexpectedly large reductions in entry barriers.

become more numerous and grow in intensity when the industry begins to mature and the rate of growth in buyer demand slows.

are the major underlying causes of changing industry and competitive conditions and have the biggest influence on how the industry landscape will be altered.

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11-09-22 | 23:34:40 pm
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[solved] Which one of the following factors is an important consideration in deciding whether the outlook for the industry presents the company with good prospects for attractive profitability?

Whether the company's strategy incorporates at least 5 of the industry's key success factors

Whether a company has the resources and competitive capabilities to capture the industry's most appealing market opportunities

How many industry members are currently making money and how many are losing money

Whether and to what degree industry profitability will be favorably or unfavorably affected by the industry's driving forces

How many industry members are pursuing offensive strategies to gain sales and market share and how many are pursuing defensive strategies to protect their present sales levels and market shares

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11-09-22 | 23:32:37 pm
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[solved] In which one of the following instances is the rivalry among competing sellers generally stronger?

When he industry's product entails low inventory storage costs

When there are so many rivals that any one company's actions have little direct impact on the businesses of rivals

When one or more rivals are dissatisfied with their business performance and are making aggressive moves to attract more customers

When the loyalty of buyers to their preferred brand is high

When buyer switching costs are high and competing sellers seldom make fresh moves to improve their market standing and business performance

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11-09-22 | 23:30:51 pm
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[solved] While doing the necessary detective work can be tedious and time-consuming, studying the strategies and situations of rival companies (most especially close rivals) well enough to be able to anticipate many of their next moves has the big advantage of

enabling company managers to determine which successful strategy elements of rival companies need to be quickly incorporated into the company's own strategy.

helping company managers determine which rivals in other strategic groups need to be monitored very closely.

enabling managers to prepare effective countermoves (perhaps to even beat a rival to the punch) and to take rivals' probable actions into account in crafting their own best course of action.

allowing company managers to accurately predict which rival companies are destined to gain market share and which ones are destined to lose market share over the next 3-5 years.

enabling a company to successfully underprice rival companies and steal away some of their sales and market share.

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11-09-22 | 23:29:01 pm
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[solved] Which of the following is not a factor to be considered in the five-forces model of competition?

Competitive pressures created by shifting industry key success factors

The attempts of companies in other industries to win buyers over to their own substitute products

The threat of new entrants into the market

The exercise of supplier bargaining power

The market maneuvering and jockeying for buyer patronage among rival sellers in the industry

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11-09-22 | 23:27:26 pm
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[solved] Which of the following is a major question to ask in assessing a company's industry and competitive environment?

To what extent are competitive forces influenced by societal values and lifestyles?

Is the industry considered to be a fiercely competitive high-tech industry or a moderately competitive low-tech industry?

What impact do buyer demographics and purchasing power have on the industry's outlook for good profitability?

What forces are driving changes in the industry, and what impact will these changes have on competitive intensity and industry profitability?

How extensively and tightly is the industry regulated?

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11-09-22 | 23:23:49 pm
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[solved] Based on Figure 3.4, which of the following is not a typical competitive weapon that a company can use to battle rivals and attract buyers?

Charging whatever price the industry leader is charging

Providing quicker or cheaper delivery

Building a bigger/better dealer network

Offering coupons and/or improving warranties

Improving selection of models/styles

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11-09-22 | 23:21:32 pm
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[solved] Strategic group mapping is a technique for determining

industry key success factors.

whether the collective impact of the five competitive forces is strong, moderate, or weak and which companies are best shielded from the most powerful competitive forces.

how many rivals are profitable, who the industry leader is, and how big a competitive advantage the industry leader has.

the different market positions that rival firms occupy in an industry and which companies are close competitors and which are distant competitors.

what strategic moves key rivals are likely to make next.

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11-09-22 | 23:19:17 pm
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[solved] The concept of strategic groups is relevant to industry and competitive analysis because

strategic group maps help identify which industry members are close rivals and which are distant rivals.

a company's profit potential depends on which strategic group it is in.

competition grows in intensity as the number and diversity of the strategic groups in an industry increases.

firms in the same strategic groups are rarely close competitors--a firm's closest competitors are usually in distant strategic groups.

competitive pressures tend to be weaker within strategic groups than across strategic groups.

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11-09-22 | 22:53:11 pm
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[solved] Which of the following statements about the market maneuvering for buyer patronage that goes on among rival sellers of a product or service is false?

The ever-changing competitive maneuvering among industry rivals produces a continually evolving competitive landscape where the market battle ebbs and flows, sometimes takes unpredictable twists and turns, and produces winners and losers.

Each competing company endeavors to deploy whatever means in its business arsenal it believes will attract and retain buyers, enhance its competitive strength vis-a-vis rivals, and yield good profits.

When one industry competitor makes a new strategic move or boosts its competitive efforts in ways that yield good results, its rivals typically respond with offensive or defensive countermoves of their own.

The ongoing jockeying of rivals leads to some companies gaining or losing momentum in the marketplace based on the success or failure of their latest competitive efforts and maneuvering in the marketplace.

A market is a competitive battlefield where the winners are usually companies with a large market share of industry sales and the losers are companies with a small market share. 

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11-09-22 | 22:51:28 pm
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[solved] The best test of whether potential entry is a strong or weak competitive force is whether

the industry's growth and profit prospects are strongly attractive to potential entry candidates.

capital requirements for new entrants are high or low.

a majority of the existing industry members have earned a profit for 3 consecutive years.

buyer loyalty to existing brands is high or low.

the number of entry barriers.

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11-09-22 | 22:50:01 pm
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[solved] Which of the following are most unlikely to qualify as driving forces?

Changes in an industry's long-term growth rate, the entry or exit of major firms, and changes in cost and efficiency

Increasing globalization of the industry and marketing innovation

Product innovation and changes in who buys the industry's product and how they use it

Emerging new Internet technology applications, reductions in uncertainty and business risk, regulatory influences, and government policy changes

Mounting competition from substitutes, increasing efforts on the part of industry members to collaborate with suppliers, and the speed with which the number of industry key success factors is either rising or falling

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11-09-22 | 22:47:31 pm
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[solved] Just how strong the competitive pressures are from substitute products depends in part on whether

how much bargaining power industry members face from both their suppliers and their most influential customers.

buyers make purchases frequently or infrequently and whether the producers of substitutes have idle production capacity.

the producers of substitutes provide high levels of customer service and their product offerings are strongly differentiated from one another.

there are at least five well-known and highly regarded sellers of substitute products.

substitutes are attractively priced and have comparable or better performance features.

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11-09-22 | 22:46:09 pm
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[solved] Driving forces analysis entails

learning what the drivers of industry success are and which industry key success factor is the most important determinant of company profitability.

identifying what the driving forces are, assessing whether the drivers of change are, on the whole, acting to make the industry more or less attractive, and determining what strategy changes are needed to prepare for the impacts of the driving forces.

determining which of the five competitive forces is the biggest driver of industry change and deciding what changes a company needs to make to best protect itself from the adverse impacts of the very strong competitive force that is driving industry change.

identifying all of the potential causes of changing industry conditions.

predicting whether future market conditions are likely to be attractive or unattractive, predicting how the industry's driving forces will alter the factors for future competitive success, and then crafting a strategy that will shield the firm from as many of the different adverse driving forces as possible.

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11-09-22 | 22:44:30 pm
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[solved] Closely monitoring the strategies and situations of key rivals and trying to prepare for the actions they are likely to take

avoids the mistake of flying blind into competitive battle without having some inkling of what actions rivals may take, thereby reducing the risk of being caught napping and suffering a damaging loss of sales and profits.

makes it easy to predict which rivals are likely to gain market share in the upcoming years and which ones are likely to lose market share.

helps clarify which rivals are the firm's closest competitors and how to capitalize on their strategy flaws or mistakes.

helps company managers identify which rival has the best strategy and must be watched most closely.

is important because it enables company managers to identify which rivals are in the best and worst strategic groups.

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11-09-22 | 22:42:48 pm
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[solved] Which one of the following is not a factor that affects the strength of supplier bargaining power?

Whether it is difficult or costly for industry members to switch their purchases from one supplier to another or to switch to attractive substitute inputs.

Whether there are greater or fewer than ten suppliers of the item being purchased from suppliers

Whether industry members have sound business reasons to integrate backward into the business of suppliers and self-manufacture items they have been buying from suppliers

Whether suppliers provide an item that accounts for a sizable fraction of the costs of the industry's product

Whether the item being supplied is a commodity readily available from a host of suppliers or whether certain suppliers provide a differentiated input that enhances the performance or quality of the industry's product

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11-09-22 | 22:41:09 pm
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[solved] Which of the following generally do not qualify as a barrier to entry?

Rapid market growth and low degrees of customer loyalty to existing brands

The ability and willingness of industry incumbents to launch strong defensive maneuvers to maintain their positions and make it harder for a newcomer to compete successfully and profitably

High capital requirements and the cost advantages enjoyed by existing industry members

Tariffs and other burdensome international trade restrictions

The difficulties of building a network of distributors-retailers and securing adequate space on retailers' shelves

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11-09-22 | 22:39:00 pm
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[solved] A competitive environment where there is weak to moderate rivalry among sellers, high entry barriers, weak competition from substitute products, and little bargaining leverage on the part of both suppliers and customers

lacks powerful driving forces and is thus likely to be relatively slow-changing and cause industry members to have low profit margins.

typically results in a "buyers' market" where industry members are forced to reduce prices.

is conducive to industry members earning attractive profits.

gives each industry competitor the best potential for growing rapidly and strongly differentiating its product.

requires that industry members have low costs in order to be competitively successful.

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11-09-22 | 22:36:40 pm
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[solved] Which of the following is not a factor that causes buyer bargaining power to be stronger?

Buyers are well-informed and have compared the product offerings of industry members regarding prices, product features, quality, buyer reviews, and other pertinent factors.

The supply side of the marketplace is composed of a few large sellers and the demand side of the marketplace consists of numerous buyers that purchase in fairly small quantities

The costs incurred by buyers in switching to competing brands or to substitute products are relatively low

Some buyers are a threat to integrate backward into the business of sellers and become an important competitor

Buyers have considerable discretion over whether and when they purchase the product

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11-09-22 | 22:34:38 pm
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[solved] Rivalry among competing sellers grows in intensity when

buyer demand is growing rapidly.

a few large sellers have the majority of sales and dominant market shares.

the products of rival sellers are essentially identical or else weakly differentiated, resulting in little or no buyer brand loyalty.

the products/services of rival sellers are becoming more strongly differentiated.

rivals' products/services are sold at widely varying prices.

 

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11-09-22 | 22:32:37 pm
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[solved] Which one of the following generally does not act to weaken the rivalry among competing sellers?

Industry conditions that tempt rivals to use price cuts or other competitive weapons to boost unit sales

Strongly differentiated products among rival sellers

Rapid growth in buyer demand

A situation where a few large sellers have the majority of sales and dominant market shares

High buyer switching costs

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11-09-22 | 22:31:16 pm
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[solved] The competitive threat that outsiders will enter a market is weaker when

buyers have little loyalty to the brands and product offerings of existing industry members.

it takes new entrants longer than 6 months to secure attractive amounts of space on retailers' shelves and build a well-recognized brand name.

existing industry members are looking to expand their market reach by entering product segments or geographic areas where they currently do not have a presence.

entry barriers are high, the pool of entry candidates is small, and buyer demand is growing slowly or is stagnant.

more than three of the existing industry members have lost money during the past 5 years.

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11-09-22 | 22:29:25 pm
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[solved] The five-forces model of competition (as shown in Figure 3.3) does not include

competitive pressures stemming from the exercise of supplier bargaining power.

competitive pressures triggered by the unexpected appearance of new and powerful driving forces.

competitive pressures from companies in other industries selling substitute products

competitive pressures stemming from the threat of new entrants into the market.

competitive pressures stemming from the exercise of buyer (or customer) bargaining power.

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11-09-22 | 22:27:51 pm
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[solved] Competitive pressures stemming from the threat of entry are stronger when

there are fewer than 20 potential entry candidates and more than 10 firms are already in the industry.

incumbent firms have cost advantages that are difficult for a newcomer to replicate.

industry incumbents have competitive arsenals that are formidable enough to put obstacles in a newcomer's path and potentially defeat its strategic efforts to become a successful and profitable competitor.

the pool of entry candidates is large and some have adequate resources to overcome entry barriers and combat defensive actions of existing industry.

the industry outlook is risky or uncertain.

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11-09-22 | 22:26:18 pm
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[solved] Which of the following questions is not helpful in identifying an industry's key success factors?

On what basis do buyers of the industry's product or service choose between the competing brands of sellers?

What shortcomings are almost certain to put a company at a significant competitive disadvantage?

Which one of the five competitive forces must any company in the industry absolutely be able to cope with and defend against successfully in order to survive and have a reasonable chance at earning a profit?

Given the nature of competitive rivalry and the competitive forces prevailing in the marketplace, what resources and competitive capabilities must a company have to be competitively successful?

Is the long-term growth rate in buyer demand for the industry's product/service expected to decrease, remain about the same, or increase?

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11-09-22 | 22:24:54 pm
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[solved] Which of the following is not one of the six important "outer-ring" components of a company's macro-environment (as shown in Figure 3.2)?

Technological factors

Sociocultural forces 

Environmental factors and economic conditions

Political factors and legal/regulatory factors

The industry's profit outlook

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11-09-22 | 22:23:07 pm
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[solved] Based on Figure 3.4, which of the following is not a typical competitive weapon that a company can use to battle rivals and attract buyers?

Reducing price; granting discounts to win the business of particular buyers

Improving customer service

Running ads to inform buyers of new or special features and/or to strengthen brand awareness and brand image

Introducing more or different features

Winning a bigger market share

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11-09-22 | 22:21:48 pm
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[solved] Whether an industry presents a company with good prospects for attractive growth and profitability

is chiefly determined by how favorably the company is impacted by factors in the outer ring of its macro-environment.

depends almost entirely on whether a company has the resources and competitive capabilities to capture the industry's most appealing market opportunities.

involves (a) using a strategic group map to determine which strategic groups are likely to enjoy good profits in the future and which ones are likely to experience weak profitability and (b) determining if a company's strategy incorporates at least 5 of the industry's key success factors.

hinges in part on such considerations as the industry's growth potential, the anticipated strength of competitive forces, whether the company is strongly or weakly positioned on the industry's strategic group map, and whether and to what degree industry profitability will be favorably or unfavorably affected by the industry's driving forces.

is best gauged by how many industry members are currently making money and how many are losing money and whether the average profitability of industry members has risen or fallen over the past five years.

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11-09-22 | 22:20:30 pm
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[solved] Whether an industry presents a company with good prospects for attractive growth and profitability

is chiefly determined by how favorably the company is impacted by factors in the outer ring of its macro-environment.

depends almost entirely on whether a company has the resources and competitive capabilities to capture the industry's most appealing market opportunities.

involves (a) using a strategic group map to determine which strategic groups are likely to enjoy good profits in the future and which ones are likely to experience weak profitability and (b) determining if a company's strategy incorporates at least 5 of the industry's key success factors.

hinges in part on such considerations as the industry's growth potential, the anticipated strength of competitive forces, whether the company is strongly or weakly positioned on the industry's strategic group map, and whether and to what degree industry profitability will be favorably or unfavorably affected by the industry's driving forces.

is best gauged by how many industry members are currently making money and how many are losing money and whether the average profitability of industry members has risen or fallen over the past five years.

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11-09-22 | 21:54:40 pm
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[solved] In which one of the following instances is the rivalry among competing sellers generally stronger?

When buyer switching costs are high and competing sellers seldom make fresh moves to improve their market standing and business performance

When he industry's product entails low inventory storage costs

When the loyalty of buyers to their preferred brand is high

When there are so many rivals that any one company's actions have little direct impact on the businesses of rivals

When one or more rivals are dissatisfied with their business performance and are making aggressive moves to attract more customers

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11-09-22 | 21:48:43 pm
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[solved] Competitive jockeying and market maneuvering among industry rivals

is usually an industry's strongest driving force and acts to weaken customer loyalty.

is generally weak when both buyers and suppliers have strong bargaining power, there are few industry key success factors, and industry driving forces are weak.

is ever-changing as competing sellers initiate round after round of offensive and defensive moves, emphasizing first one mix of competitive weapons and then another in efforts to improve their market positions and profitability.

determines whether companies positioned in the upper right quadrant of the industry's strategic group map will have a strong or weak competitive advantage over industry members positioned in other parts of the map.

is usually one of the two or three weakest competitive forces when the outlook for the industry as a whole is not conducive to good profitability.

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11-09-22 | 21:47:22 pm
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[solved] Based on Figure 3.4, which of the following is not a typical competitive weapon that a company can use to battle rivals and attract buyers?

Charging whatever price the industry leader is charging

Offering coupons and/or improving warranties

Providing quicker or cheaper delivery

Building a bigger/better dealer network

Improving selection of models/styles

Answer this Question


11-09-22 | 21:45:47 pm
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[solved] The key success factors in an industry

concern those industry-related factors that play a major role in whether a company is able to gain a sustainable competitive advantage and/or will make it easier to overcome competitive pressures and industry driving forces.

are those competitive factors that most affect industry members' abilities to prosper in the marketplace--the particular strategy elements, product attributes, resource strengths, competitive capabilities, and market achievements that spell the difference between being a strong competitor and a weak competitor (and sometimes the difference between profit and loss).

relate to the kinds of business models and strategies that a company must employ in order to be profitable, win a competitive edge, and give the company a chance at being the global market leader.

concern the specific resource strengths and competitive capabilities that a company must always incorporate in its strategy in order to be profitable.

are determined by the industry's driving forces, by the number of different strategic groups in the industry, and by the number of different competitive strategies that industry members are employing.

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11-09-22 | 21:43:36 pm
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[solved] The bargaining leverage of suppliers is stronger when

industry members make frequent purchases in small quantities.

industry members are a threat to integrate backward into the business of suppliers and to self-manufacture their own requirements.

suppliers provide an item that accounts for a small fraction of the costs of the industry's product and when a needed input is in short supply.

the products of suppliers are strongly differentiated, which reduces the costs industry members incur in switching to alternative suppliers.

good substitutes exist for the items being furnished by the suppliers.

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11-09-22 | 21:42:04 pm
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[solved] The "driving forces" in an industry

are usually triggered by changing technology, the entry of important new competitors, or the exit of several important industry members.

are usually triggered by shifting buyer needs and expectations or by the appearance of new substitute products.

usually are spawned by growing demand for the product, the outbreak of price-cutting, and unexpectedly large reductions in entry barriers.

become more numerous and grow in intensity when the industry begins to mature and the rate of growth in buyer demand slows.

are the major underlying causes of changing industry and competitive conditions and have the biggest influence on how the industry landscape will be altered.

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11-09-22 | 21:40:47 pm
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[solved] While doing the necessary detective work can be tedious and time-consuming, studying the strategies and situations of rival companies (most especially close rivals) well enough to be able to anticipate many of their next moves has the big advantage of

allowing company managers to accurately predict which rival companies are destined to gain market share and which ones are destined to lose market share over the next 3-5 years.

enabling managers to prepare effective countermoves (perhaps to even beat a rival to the punch) and to take rivals' probable actions into account in crafting their own best course of action.

helping company managers determine which rivals in other strategic groups need to be monitored very closely.

enabling company managers to determine which successful strategy elements of rival companies need to be quickly incorporated into the company's own strategy.

enabling a company to successfully underprice rival companies and steal away some of their sales and market share.

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11-09-22 | 21:39:20 pm
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[solved] The concept of strategic groups is relevant to industry and competitive analysis because

strategic group maps help identify which industry members are close rivals and which are distant rivals.

firms in the same strategic groups are rarely close competitors--a firm's closest competitors are usually in distant strategic groups.

a company's profit potential depends on which strategic group it is in.

competitive pressures tend to be weaker within strategic groups than across strategic groups.

competition grows in intensity as the number and diversity of the strategic groups in an industry increases.

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11-09-22 | 21:37:56 pm
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[solved] The competitive pressures from substitute products tend to be weaker when

there are fewer than 5 sellers of substitute products with idle production capacity.

substitutes have been on the market and available for purchase for fewer than three years.

buyers have high costs in switching to substitutes.

the prices of substitutes are less than 10% higher than the prices being charged by sellers in the industry.

the substitute products that are currently available are weakly differentiated from one another.

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11-09-22 | 21:36:17 pm
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[solved] Which of the following generally do not qualify as a barrier to entry?

Tariffs and other burdensome international trade restrictions

The difficulties of building a network of distributors-retailers and securing adequate space on retailers' shelves

The ability and willingness of industry incumbents to launch strong defensive maneuvers to maintain their positions and make it harder for a newcomer to compete successfully and profitably

High capital requirements and the cost advantages enjoyed by existing industry members

Rapid market growth and low degrees of customer loyalty to existing brands

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11-09-22 | 21:34:30 pm
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[solved] The five-forces model of competition (as shown in Figure 3.3) does not include

competitive pressures from companies in other industries selling substitute products

competitive pressures stemming from the exercise of supplier bargaining power.

competitive pressures stemming from the exercise of buyer (or customer) bargaining power.

competitive pressures triggered by the unexpected appearance of new and powerful driving forces.

competitive pressures stemming from the threat of new entrants into the market.

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11-09-22 | 21:31:04 pm
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[solved] A company's macro-environment concerns

the buying habits of consumers, the overall business climate in which the company operates, and the balance between global supply and global demand for the industry's product/service.

political factors, economic conditions, sociocultural forces, technological factors, environmental forces, legal/regulatory factors and, closer to home, the immediate industry and competitive arena in which the company operates--as shown in Figure 3.2.

the rates of change in consumer purchasing power and the stability of consumer tastes, preferences, and buying habits.

the fresh competitive efforts and market maneuvers that rival companies are likely to initiate in the near future.

such factors as industry growth, competitive pressures, industry driving forces, the company's current profitability, and the pressures that company shareholders are putting on top management for better company performance.

 

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11-09-22 | 21:27:47 pm
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[solved] The best test of whether potential entry is a strong or weak competitive force is whether

capital requirements for new entrants are high or low.

a majority of the existing industry members have earned a profit for 3 consecutive years.

the industry's growth and profit prospects are strongly attractive to potential entry candidates.

the number of entry barriers.

buyer loyalty to existing brands is high or low.

 

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11-09-22 | 21:25:43 pm
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[solved] Which of the following is not a factor that causes buyer bargaining power to be stronger?

The costs incurred by buyers in switching to competing brands or to substitute products are relatively low

The supply side of the marketplace is composed of a few large sellers and the demand side of the marketplace consists of numerous buyers that purchase in fairly small quantities

Buyers have considerable discretion over whether and when they purchase the product

Buyers are well-informed and have compared the product offerings of industry members regarding prices, product features, quality, buyer reviews, and other pertinent factors.

Some buyers are a threat to integrate backward into the business of sellers and become an important competitor

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11-09-22 | 21:23:20 pm
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[solved] Competitive pressures stemming from the threat of entry are stronger when

there are fewer than 10 entry candidates with the potential to hurdle the industry's barriers to entry.

buyers have strong brand preferences and high degrees of loyalty to their preferred brand and when it takes new entrants less than 5 years to secure attractive amounts of space on retailers' shelves and build a well-recognized brand name.

the industry's outlook is uncertain or highly risky, entry barriers are low, and very few existing industry members are looking to expand their market reach by entering product segments or geographic areas where they currently do not have a presence.

entry barriers are low, the pool of entry candidates is large, and existing industry members are earning good profits.

it is difficult or costly for a customer to switch to a new brand, the total dollar investment needed to enter the market successfully exceeds $5 million, and existing governmental regulations impose significant cost and compliance burdens on industry members.

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11-09-22 | 21:21:43 pm
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[solved] A competitive environment where there is strong rivalry among sellers, low entry barriers, strong competition from substitute products, and considerable bargaining leverage on the part of both suppliers and customers

results in an unattractive strategic group map where all industry members are crowded into the top right corner of the map and forced into competing on the basis of rapid product innovation.

tends to mean that the industry will have fewer than 3 key success factors.

greatly strengthens the number of driving forces and the power of their impact on industry members.

typically results in a "sellers' market" where industry members can raise prices and earn large profit margins.

makes it hard for industry members to earn attractive profits.

 

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11-09-22 | 21:19:39 pm
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[solved] Factors that weaken the rivalry among competing sellers include

rapid growth in buyer demand, high buyer switching costs, small inventories, and/or little idle production capacity.

low buyer switching costs, slow growth in buyer demand, and rival sellers that are relatively equal in size and capability.

low barriers to entry, weakly differentiated products among rival sellers, and low inventory storage costs.

slow growth in buyer demand, low degrees of customer loyalty, and sellers' products are costly to hold in inventory, seasonal or perishable.

low buyer switching costs, weakly differentiated products among rival sellers, and conditions where one or more rivals are dissatisfied with their business performance and are making aggressive moves to attract more customers.

 

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11-09-22 | 21:16:36 pm
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[solved] Which one of the following factors is not an important consideration in deciding whether the outlook for the industry presents the company with good prospects for attractive profitability?

The degrees of risk and uncertainty in the industry’s future

Whether the industry and the company are being favorably or unfavorably impacted by macro-environmental factors

Whether statistical analysis indicates that long-term industry profitability is trending up or down

Whether and to what degree industry profitability will be favorably or unfavorably affected by the industry's driving forces

The industry’s growth potential

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11-09-22 | 21:14:18 pm
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[solved] Which of the following are most unlikely to qualify as driving forces?

Emerging new Internet technology applications, reductions in uncertainty and business risk, regulatory influences, and government policy changes

Changes in an industry's long-term growth rate, the entry or exit of major firms, and changes in cost and efficiency

Mounting competition from substitutes, increasing efforts on the part of industry members to collaborate with suppliers, and the speed with which the number of industry key success factors is either rising or falling

Increasing globalization of the industry and marketing innovation

Product innovation and changes in who buys the industry's product and how they use it

 

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11-09-22 | 21:09:19 pm
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[solved] Potential entrants are more likely to be deterred from actually entering an industry when

the products of incumbent firms are strongly differentiated.

the relative cost positions of incumbent firms are about the same, such that no one incumbent has a meaningful cost advantage.

the industry already contains a dozen or more rivals and the capital requirements to enter the market successfully are greater than $1 million.

the products of industry members are weakly differentiated and the pool of entry candidates is large.

industry incumbents are willing and able to launch strong defensive maneuvers to maintain their positions and make it harder for a newcomer to compete successfully and profitably.

 

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11-09-22 | 21:06:58 pm
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[solved] Which one of the following statements about the characteristics of well-stated objectives is false?

Well-stated objectives should be quantitative or measurable.

Well-stated objectives should contain a deadline for achievement.

Well-stated objectives should be challenging.

Well-stated objectives should be specific.

Well-stated objectives should contain sufficient wiggle room to allow for the occurrence of unexpected circumstances that block achievement of the objective.

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10-09-22 | 22:10:50 pm
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[solved] In most corporations, strategy-making is

first and foremost the function and responsibility of a company's chief strategy officer (who usually reports directly to the chief executive officer and also coordinates closely with members of the company's board of directors).

more of a collaborative group effort that involves executives and managers at many organizational levels, as opposed to being the function and sole responsibility of a few high-ranking executives.

primarily the joint responsibility of a company's senior executives and board of directors.

first and foremost the function of a company's chief executive officer - who formulates strategic initiatives and submits them to the board of directors for approval.

first and foremost the function and responsibility of a company's board of directors.

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09-09-22 | 12:43:16 pm
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[solved] The primary roles/obligations of a company's board of directors in the strategy-making, strategy-executing process include

critically appraising the company's direction, strategy, and business approaches and evaluating the caliber of senior executives' strategy-making and strategy-executing skills.

developing the company's business model and advising the CEO as to how best to implement and execute the business model.

determining whether the CEO and other senior executives have established an appropriate set of financial and strategic objectives.

playing the lead role in developing the company's strategy and supervising the efforts of the CEO and other top executives in implementing and executing the strategy.

making sure the company has a sound and up-to-date 5-year strategic plan, determining the company's dividend policy, and hiring and firing (if need be) all senior management executives.

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09-09-22 | 12:40:59 pm
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[solved] Developing a strategic vision for a company entails

describing the company's business model and explaining the kind of value that it is trying to deliver to customers.

describing the company's customer value proposition and the revenue-cost-profit formula management will use to deliver value to shareholders.

prescribing a route for the company to take in developing and strengthening its business--a strategic vision lays out the company's strategic course in preparing for the future.

coming up with a 5-year strategic plan for outcompeting rivals and achieving a competitive advantage.

describing the company's strategic intent in some detail and how management plans to respond to shifting economic and market conditions.

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09-09-22 | 12:38:45 pm
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[solved] A company's mission statement typically addresses which of the following questions?

"Where are we headed and what should our strategy be?"

"Who are we, what do we do, and why are we here?"

"What types of customers are we trying to attract and what do we intend to do for them in order to achieve a high level of customer satisfaction?"

"How will we get to where we are going?"

"What products will we market in order to deliver attractive value to our customers?"

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09-09-22 | 12:37:01 pm
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[solved] Business strategy, as distinct from corporate strategy, concerns

choosing what customer value proposition to employ.

selecting which new businesses to enter, which existing businesses to get out of, and which existing businesses to remain in.

the actions, approaches, and practices to be employed in managing particular functions or business processes or key activities within a given line of business.

the actions and approaches being employed to produce successful performance in one specific line of business.

choosing the most appropriate strategic intent for a specific line of business.

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09-09-22 | 12:32:57 pm
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[solved] Which of the following are part of the strategy-making, strategy-executing process shown in Figure 2.1?

Communicating the company's mission statement to employees, shareholders, and suppliers and developing a balanced scorecard to track organizational performance

Setting objectives for measuring the company's performance and tracking its progress in moving in the intended long-term direction and pursuing the strategic vision and mission

Deciding on a customer value proposition, identifying the three most appealing strategy alternatives, and determining what kinds of resources to employ in the pursuit of sustainable competitive advantage

Developing a proven business model and identifying profitable strategy alternatives.

Deciding on the company's strategic intent and what strategic plan to pursue in accomplishing the chosen strategic intent

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09-09-22 | 12:31:56 pm
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[solved] Which of the following are characteristics of an effectively-worded strategic vision statement?

Challenging, totally ethical, and highly focused on achieving competitive advantage

Innovative, inspiring, and highly unique

Memorable, forward-looking and directional, and focused

Balanced, rational, unique, and inspirational

Imaginative, customer-focused, and no longer than 10 words

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09-09-22 | 12:26:53 pm
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[solved] Strategic intent refers to a situation where a company

is strongly committed to achieving the targeted outcomes in its balanced scorecard.

relentlessly pursues an ambitious strategic objective, concentrating the full force of its resources and competitive actions on achieving that objective.

decides to shift from one competitive approach to a different competitive approach.

has an unshakable commitment to a particular strategy.

adopts a new or different strategic vision.

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09-09-22 | 12:24:57 pm
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[solved] Which one of the following is not one of the external or internal considerations in deciding on a company's future direction?

Does the company have attractively strong resources and competitive capabilities to grow revenues and profits in the years ahead?

Does the company have the resource strengths and competitive capabilities to become the dominant market leader in every country the company competes in?

What, if any, new customer groups and/or geographic markets should the company get in position to serve?

Are there good reasons why the company should begin to deemphasize or eventually abandon any of the markets or customer groups it is currently serving?

What resource strengths and competitive capabilities offer good potential for creating competitive advantage?

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09-09-22 | 12:12:43 pm
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[solved] Effectively communicating the strategic vision to company personnel is important because

the more a vision evokes positive support and excitement among company personnel, the greater its impact in terms of arousing a committed organizational effort and getting company personnel to move in a common direction.

a good understanding of the vision boosts employee confidence in the profitability of the company's business model.

company personnel cannot be highly productive and happy with their jobs unless they have a clear understanding of management's strategic plan for being competitively successful and profitable over the long term.

a good understanding of the vision boosts employee support for company initiatives to win a sustainable competitive advantage over rivals.

when company personnel understand what the company needs to do to be profitable and successful, the company's chances of achieving its financial and strategic objectives are typically greater than 90%.

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09-09-22 | 12:09:38 pm
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[solved] A company's strategic plan consists of

its strategic intent and the strategy it will employ to achieve this intent and win a sustainable competitive advantage.

a company's strategic vision, strategic objectives, strategic intent, and strategy.

a strategic vision, a strategy to earn appealingly high profits, and a strategic intent to achieve a particular type of competitive advantage over rivals.

the actions and approaches to be used in achieving a competitive edge over rival firms.

a vision of where it is headed, a set of performance targets, and a strategy to achieve them.

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09-09-22 | 12:07:33 pm
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[solved] Strategic objectives

help managers track an organization's progress in achieving high levels of customer satisfaction.

are more difficult to achieve and harder to measure than financial objectives.

are actions a company must take to achieve a sustainable competitive advantage.

are generally less important than financial objectives.

relate to target outcomes that indicate a company is strengthening its market standing, competitive vitality, and future business prospects.

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09-09-22 | 12:06:18 pm
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[solved] Strategic objectives

help managers track an organization's progress in achieving high levels of customer satisfaction.

are more difficult to achieve and harder to measure than financial objectives.

are actions a company must take to achieve a sustainable competitive advantage.

are generally less important than financial objectives.

relate to target outcomes that indicate a company is strengthening its market standing, competitive vitality, and future business prospects.

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09-09-22 | 12:06:04 pm
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[solved] Which of the following statements about managing the task of implementing and executing strategy is false?

Good strategy execution requires diligent pursuit of operating excellence.

Managing the implementation and execution of strategy is easily the most demanding and time-consuming part of the strategy management process.

Management's handling of the strategy implementation and execution process can be considered successful if the company's net profits are higher after the process is completed than they were before the process began.

Managing the implementation and execution of strategy is an operations-oriented make-things-happen activity aimed at performing core business activities in a strategy-supportive manner.

Initiatives to put the strategy in place and execute it proficiently must be launched and managed on many organizational fronts.

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09-09-22 | 11:59:35 am
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[solved] The task of stitching together a strategy

is mainly an exercise in staying flexible, so as to enable quick response to changing market conditions and competitive circumstances, rapid pursuit of emerging growth opportunities, and early adoption of newly emerging technologies.

entails addressing a series of hows: how to attract and please customers, how to compete against rivals, how to position the company in the marketplace vis-a-vis rivals, how best to pursue attractive opportunities to grow the business, how best to respond to changing economic and market conditions, how to manage each functional piece of the business, and how to achieve the company's strategic and financial objectives.

is mainly an exercise in piecing together and unifying several "dare-to-be different" ways to attract customers and build a high degree of customer loyalty.

entails trying to copy the strategies of the most successful companies in the industry as closely as possible.

chiefly entails deciding which of several freshly-emerging market opportunities to pursue but can also include planned actions to capitalize on attractive growth opportunities in other businesses, internal actions aimed at achieving financial and strategic objectives more quickly than planned, and how to manage each functional piece of the business.

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09-09-22 | 11:57:24 am
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[solved] The task of stitching together a strategy

is mainly an exercise in staying flexible, so as to enable quick response to changing market conditions and competitive circumstances, rapid pursuit of emerging growth opportunities, and early adoption of newly emerging technologies.

entails addressing a series of hows: how to attract and please customers, how to compete against rivals, how to position the company in the marketplace vis-a-vis rivals, how best to pursue attractive opportunities to grow the business, how best to respond to changing economic and market conditions, how to manage each functional piece of the business, and how to achieve the company's strategic and financial objectives.

is mainly an exercise in piecing together and unifying several "dare-to-be different" ways to attract customers and build a high degree of customer loyalty.

entails trying to copy the strategies of the most successful companies in the industry as closely as possible.

chiefly entails deciding which of several freshly-emerging market opportunities to pursue but can also include planned actions to capitalize on attractive growth opportunities in other businesses, internal actions aimed at achieving financial and strategic objectives more quickly than planned, and how to manage each functional piece of the business.

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09-09-22 | 11:51:56 am
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[solved] A "balanced scorecard" that includes both strategic and financial performance targets

requires managers to set an equal number of financial and strategic objectives and devote roughly equivalent energy and resources to achieving both types of performance targets.

is a tool for helping managers measure the degree to which the company is both outcompeting rivals in the marketplace and pleasing shareholders.

assists managers in putting roughly equal emphasis on achieving short-term and long-term performance targets.

helps managers avoid the mistake of focusing only on financial performance measures and overlooking the fact that pursuing and achieving strategic outcomes that boost its competitiveness and strength in the marketplace vis-a-vis rivals is better able to improve its future financial performance.

forces managers to put equal emphasis on pursuing the achievement of both financial and strategic outcomes.

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09-09-22 | 11:48:30 am
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[solved] A set of "stretch" financial and strategic objectives

helps convert a company's strategic intent into meaningful performance targets.

helps a company avoid ho-hum results.

helps top executives determine how close the company is to true maximization of both revenues and profits.

helps lower-level managers and employees gain a clearer understanding of the company's strategic vision, strategic intent, and strategy.

is one of the best managerial tools for motivating company personnel to execute the strategy with greater proficiency and at lower overall cost.

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09-09-22 | 11:44:35 am
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[solved] Functional area strategies

are normally crafted by the head of the business, in close consultation with the managers of key operating units (plants, distribution centers, geographic divisions).

concern the relatively narrow strategic initiatives and approaches for managing specific operating units (plants, distribution centers, geographic units) and operating activities with strategic significance for the company as a whole.

are normally crafted by operating-level managers who head key functional units (plants, distribution centers, geographic units).

concern the actions and approaches managers plan to take to unify the firm's several different operating strategies into a cohesive and well-functioning whole.

concern the actions, approaches, and practices to be employed in managing particular functions or business processes or key activities within a business.

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09-09-22 | 11:41:44 am
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[solved] Which of the following is the best example of a well-stated financial objective?

Within 24 months, boost the company's profit margin per unit sold to an amount bigger than any other competitor in the industry

Increase total after-tax profits from the current level of $2 million annually to $4 million annually no later than the end of 2022.

Boost the company's dividend payments to shareholders every year

Gradually boost the annual percentage increase in total revenues

Maximize the company's annual return on shareholders' equity invest

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09-09-22 | 11:38:03 am
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[solved] In a single-business company, the strategy-making hierarchy (as shown in Figure 2-2) consists of

business strategy, divisional strategies, and departmental strategies.

business strategy and departmental strategy.

managerial strategy, business strategy, and divisional strategies.

corporate strategy, divisional strategies, and departmental strategies.

business strategy, functional area strategies, and operating strategies.

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09-09-22 | 11:36:26 am
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[solved] A company's values relate to such things as

fair treatment, honor and integrity, ethical behavior, innovativeness, teamwork, accountability, a passion for top-notch quality or superior customer service, social responsibility, and community citizenship.

the preferred business approaches and operating practices that help company personnel balance efforts to achieve short-term performance targets with their efforts to achieve long-range performance targets.

the beliefs, principles, and ethical standards that are incorporated into the company's strategy.

whether it will emphasize high ethical standards or engage in shady business practices, whether it will pursue high market share or high profitability, and whether it will put more emphasis on pleasing customers or on pleasing shareholders.

how it will balance its pursuit of financial objectives against the pursuit of its strategic objectives--creating a "balanced scorecard" approach to measuring performance is a strong plus.

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09-09-22 | 11:34:30 am
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[solved] The strategy-making, strategy-executing process

includes the tasks of developing a strategic vision, mission and core values; setting objectives; crafting a strategy to achieve the performance objectives and move the company along the chosen path; implementing and executing the strategy; and monitoring developments, evaluating performance, and initiating corrective adjustments.

is handled by key members of a company's board of directors so as not to infringe on the time of busy executives.

is principally concerned with sizing up an organization's internal and external situation, so as to be prepared for the challenge of developing a sound business model.

includes establishing a company's mission, developing a business model aimed at making the company an industry leader, and crafting a strategy to implement and execute the business model.

entails developing a viable business model, deciding on the company's strategic intent, creating a balanced scorecard to monitor performance, and crafting a 5-year strategic plan.

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09-09-22 | 11:19:25 am
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[solved] Strategic objectives

are more difficult to achieve and harder to measure than financial objectives.

are generally less important than financial objectives.

relate to target outcomes that indicate a company is strengthening its market standing, competitive vitality, and future business prospects.

are actions a company must take to achieve a sustainable competitive advantage.

help managers track an organization's progress in achieving high levels of customer satisfaction.

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09-09-22 | 11:17:03 am
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[solved] Strategic intent refers to a situation where a company

has an unshakable commitment to a particular strategy.

adopts a new or different strategic vision.

decides to shift from one competitive approach to a different competitive approach.

is strongly committed to achieving the targeted outcomes in its balanced scorecard.

relentlessly pursues an ambitious strategic objective, concentrating the full force of its resources and competitive actions on achieving that objective.

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09-09-22 | 11:14:56 am
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[solved] Which of the following statements about managing the task of implementing and executing strategy is false?

Managing the implementation and execution of strategy is easily the most demanding and time-consuming part of the strategy management process.

Managing the implementation and execution of strategy is an operations-oriented make-things-happen activity aimed at performing core business activities in a strategy-supportive manner.

Initiatives to put the strategy in place and execute it proficiently must be launched and managed on many organizational fronts.

Management's handling of the strategy implementation and execution process can be considered successful if the company's net profits are higher after the process is completed than they were before the process began.

Good strategy execution requires diligent pursuit of operating excellence.

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09-09-22 | 11:12:22 am
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[solved] Corporate strategy for a diversified or multi-business enterprise

chiefly concerns the development of a strategic vision, a set of objectives, a strategy for each business the company is in, and also the functional area and operating strategies that each of the company's different businesses need to employ.

concerns developing the strategic initiatives and approaches that are to be used in managing key operating units (plants, distribution centers, geographic units) and specific operating activities with strategic significance for the company as a whole.

is orchestrated by the company's CEO and other top executives and consists of a collection of business strategies--one for each business the company has diversified into.

concerns strategy initiatives to establish business positions in different industries, whether to hold or divest existing businesses, strategic actions to boost the combined performance of the set of businesses the company has diversified into, and how to capture cross-business synergies and turn them into a competitive advantage.

is orchestrated by the general managers of each of the company's different lines of business, often with advice and input from the heads of functional area activities within each business and other key people.

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09-09-22 | 11:10:43 am
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[solved] Which of the following is not accurate as concerns who is involved in crafting a company's strategy?

A large enterprise's overall strategy is really a collection of strategic initiatives and actions devised by managers (and sometimes key employees) up and down the whole organizational hierarchy.

Ultimate responsibility for leading the strategy-making task rests with the chief executive officer.

It is flawed thinking to view crafting and executing strategy as something only high-level executives do.

Most strategy-making is done by top-ranking executives and the members of a company's board of directors, with board members generally taking the lead role.

The larger and more diverse the operations of an enterprise, the more points of strategic initiative it has and the more levels of management that have a significant strategy-making role.

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09-09-22 | 11:07:46 am
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[solved] The obligations of an investor-owned company's board of directors in the strategy-making, strategy-executing process include

coming up with compelling strategy proposals of their own to debate against those put forward by top management.

overseeing the company's financial accounting and financial reporting practices and instituting a compensation plan for top executives.

replacing the CEO when the company fails to earn a profit or pay a satisfactory dividend.

reviewing and approving the company's operating strategies and functional-area strategies and approving the appointment of all people to executive-level positions.

taking the lead in developing a strategic vision for the company.

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09-09-22 | 11:05:58 am
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[solved] A "balanced scorecard" that includes both strategic and financial performance targets

assists managers in putting roughly equal emphasis on achieving short-term and long-term performance targets.

helps managers avoid the mistake of focusing only on financial performance measures and overlooking the fact that pursuing and achieving strategic outcomes that boost its competitiveness and strength in the marketplace vis-a-vis rivals is better able to improve its future financial performance.

is a tool for helping managers measure the degree to which the company is both outcompeting rivals in the marketplace and pleasing shareholders.

forces managers to put equal emphasis on pursuing the achievement of both financial and strategic outcomes.

requires managers to set an equal number of financial and strategic objectives and devote roughly equivalent energy and resources to achieving both types of performance targets.

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09-09-22 | 11:02:31 am
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[solved] The primary role of functional area strategies is to

create compatible degrees of strategic intent among a company's different business functions.

set forth the performance targets to be pursued in such functional departments as R&D, production, sales and marketing, human resources, customer service, and finance.

unify the company's various operating-level strategies.

specify how to build and strengthen the skills, expertise, and competencies needed to execute operating-level strategies successfully.

add relevant details to the hows of a company's overall business strategy by specifying what actions, approaches, and practices will be employed in managing particular functions within a business.

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09-09-22 | 10:59:25 am
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[solved] Which one of the following is not one of the external or internal considerations in deciding on a company's future direction?

How well is the company faring vis-a-vis key competitors; is the company gaining ground or losing ground, and why?

Does sticking with the company's present strategic course present attractive opportunities for growth and profitability?

Which emerging market opportunities should the company pursue and which ones should not be pursued?

Is the company competing in too many markets or product categories where profits are skimpy or nonexistent?

Does the company have sufficient resource strengths and competitive capabilities to capture the leading market share in every geographic market the company competes in--and, if not, should it abandon those markets where it is not the leader?

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09-09-22 | 10:53:35 am
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[solved] A company's strategic plan

lays out its future direction, business purpose, performance targets, and strategy--in other words, a strategic vision + mission + a set of objectives + a strategy = a strategic plan.

consists of its corporate strategy, a set of business strategies, its functional strategies for each business, and its operating strategies for each business.

consists of a strategic vision, a set of strategic objectives, the company's declaration of strategic intent, its overall strategy, and whatever functional and operating strategies are needed.

consists of its business strategy, its functional strategies, and its operating strategies.

includes a strategic vision, the type of competitive advantage the company hopes to earn, and the strategy that management intends to employ in pursuing the intended competitive advantage and strategic vision.

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09-09-22 | 10:50:51 am
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[solved] In a single-business company, the strategy-making hierarchy (as shown in Figure 2-2) consists of

corporate strategy, business strategies, and operating strategies

functional area strategies, departmental strategies, and operating strategies.

business strategy, functional area strategies, and operating strategies.

executive-level strategies, middle management strategies, and front-line manager strategies.

corporate strategy, divisional strategies, and departmental strategies.

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09-09-22 | 10:46:21 am
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[solved] Which of the following is the best example of a well-stated financial objective?

Maximize earnings per share

Achieve bigger profit margins than any other industry competitor

Boost the company's dividend payments to shareholders every year

Increase total profits by 10% annually

Gradually boost annual revenue growth to 15% over the next several years

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09-09-22 | 10:43:27 am
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[solved] At companies where the stated values are real rather than cosmetic, company managers can connect the stated values to pursuit of the strategic vision and mission by

making internal enforcement of the company's values the centerpiece of the company's strategy.

making it clear that company personnel who do not observe company values and behavioral norms will be dismissed.

(1) being careful to craft a vision, mission, strategy, and set of operating practices that match established values and (2) repeatedly emphasizing how the values-based behavioral norms contribute to the company's business success.

making achievement of the values a prominent part of the company's strategic objectives.

using a values-based balanced scorecard to measure the company's progress in achieving the vision/mission.

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09-09-22 | 10:38:50 am
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[solved] A company's mission statement typically addresses which of the following questions?

"What business model should we employ to successfully achieve our shareholder value proposition?"

"How fast do we plan to introduce new products?"

"Who are we, what do we do, and why are we here?"

"What are our high-priority objectives and what should our strategy be to achieve them?"

"What products/services are we providing to customers in order to be successful in achieving our customer proposition?"

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09-09-22 | 10:32:38 am
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[solved] Which of the following are characteristics of an effectively-worded strategic vision statement?

Customer-driven, hard to copy, short (no longer than 2 sentences), and realistic

Unique, inspiring, achievable within 5 years, and completely ethical

Flexible, ethical, not overly narrow, and appealing to investors

Feasible, memorable, makes good business sense, and has some wiggle room

Imaginative, market-driven, totally ethical, and globally-oriented

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09-09-22 | 10:30:35 am
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[solved] Masterful strategies come from

avoiding unconventional and "dare-to-be different" ways to attract customers and, instead, sticking to making solid improvements in proven ways to deliver good customer service and build market share.

being quick to recognize and adopt a sound strategic vision and business model.

doing things differently from competitors where it counts--out-innovating them, being more efficient, being more imaginative, adapting faster--rather than running with the herd.

crafting a strategy that mimics the best parts of the strategies of the industry's most profitable companies.

doing a very thorough job of assessing the strategies of competitors and a talent for spotting ways to improve on the strategy of whatever rival company is deemed to have the best strategy in the industry.

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09-09-22 | 10:29:36 am
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[solved] The task of effectively communicating the strategic vision to organization members is made easier by

holding meetings of all company personnel at least twice a year to explain the latest strategic vision and to allow lower-level managers and employees to ask questions about the company's long-term direction, strategic intent, and strategy.

stating the strategic vision in a single sentence.

capturing the essence of the vision in an easily remembered phrase or catchy slogan and then using the phrase/slogan repeatedly as a reminder of "where we are going and why."

combining the strategic vision and the mission statement into a single paragraph-long statement that describes where we are going, how we intend to get there, and when we expect to arrive.

combining the strategic vision and the company's values statement into a single document, posting the document on the company's website, and sending all company personnel monthly e-mails containing a link to the latest monthly update of the strategic vision.

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09-09-22 | 10:28:11 am
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[SOLVED]A company's strategic plan consists of

a vision of where it is headed, a set of performance targets, and a strategy to achieve them.

a strategic vision, a strategy to earn appealingly high profits, and a strategic intent to achieve a particular type of competitive advantage over rivals.

a company's strategic vision, strategic objectives, strategic intent, and strategy.

its strategic intent and the strategy it will employ to achieve this intent and win a sustainable competitive advantage.

the actions and approaches to be used in achieving a competitive edge over rival firms.

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07-09-22 | 22:32:21 pm
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[solved] The task of effectively communicating the strategic vision to organization members is made easier by

holding meetings of all company personnel at least twice a year to explain the latest strategic vision and to allow lower-level managers and employees to ask questions about the company's long-term direction, strategic intent, and strategy.

combining the strategic vision and the company's values statement into a single document, posting the document on the company's website, and sending all company personnel monthly e-mails containing a link to the latest monthly update of the strategic vision.

capturing the essence of the vision in an easily remembered phrase or catchy slogan and then using the phrase/slogan repeatedly as a reminder of "where we are going and why."

stating the strategic vision in a single sentence.

combining the strategic vision and the mission statement into a single paragraph-long statement that describes where we are going, how we intend to get there, and when we expect to arrive.

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07-09-22 | 16:15:54 pm
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[solved] A company's strategy-making hierarchy

consists of a strategic vision, a set of strategic objectives, a declared strategic intent, and the actions and approaches a company intends to take in achieving a sustainable competitive advantage.

consists of a group of functional and operating strategies.

consists of two managerial levels: (1) executives who make major strategic decisions and (2) managers of specific units who make minor strategic decisions (as shown in Figure 2.2).

varies from company to company, according to whether a company's strategic intent is proactive or reactive, risky or conservative, offensive or defensive.

typically involves three organizational levels in single-business companies and four organizational levels in multi-business or diversified companies (as shown in Figure 2.2).

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07-09-22 | 16:12:53 pm
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[solved] Which of the following is not among the principal managerial tasks associated with implementing and executing a company's strategy?

Exerting the internal leadership needed to drive implementation forward and keep improving on how the strategy is being executed

Allocating ample resources to those activities critical to strategic success

Installing information and operating systems that enable company personnel to better perform daily operating activities and otherwise execute their part of the strategy

Pushing employees to work hard, do their very best, and meet or beat the established performance targets---employees that fall short on these criteria must be quickly weeded out

Ensuring that policies and procedures facilitate rather than impede effective execution

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07-09-22 | 16:10:49 pm
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[solved] Setting and achieving strategic objectives is critically important because

the aggressiveness with which a company pursues strategic objectives is the most important determinant of long-term customer satisfaction.

achieving targeted strategic outcomes is more important in determining a company's credit rating and financial well-being than whether the company is meeting shareholder expectations for good short-term financial performance.

this is what prevents management's drive for achieving good financial performance from overwhelming the pursuit of higher levels of customer satisfaction.

a company's strategic performance is the biggest single factor that determines how fast a company will be able to increase dividends to shareholders and boost the company's stock price.

a stronger market standing with buyers and improved competitive strength to combat rivals' vitality--especially when these result in a bigger competitive advantage--is what enables and empowers a company to improve its financial performance in upcoming periods.

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07-09-22 | 16:08:32 pm
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[solved] Developing a strategic vision for a company entails

describing the company's business model and explaining the kind of value that it is trying to deliver to customers.

describing the company's strategic intent in some detail and how management plans to respond to shifting economic and market conditions.

prescribing a route for the company to take in developing and strengthening its business--a strategic vision lays out the company's strategic course in preparing for the future.

coming up with a 5-year strategic plan for outcompeting rivals and achieving a competitive advantage.

describing the company's customer value proposition and the revenue-cost-profit formula management will use to deliver value to shareholders.

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07-09-22 | 16:05:32 pm
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[solved] The primary role of functional area strategies is to

specify how to build and strengthen the skills, expertise, and competencies needed to execute operating-level strategies successfully.

create compatible degrees of strategic intent among a company's different business functions.

set forth the performance targets to be pursued in such functional departments as R&D, production, sales and marketing, human resources, customer service, and finance.

unify the company's various operating-level strategies.

add relevant details to the hows of a company's overall business strategy by specifying what actions, approaches, and practices will be employed in managing particular functions within a business.

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07-09-22 | 16:04:03 pm
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[solved] A set of "stretch" financial and strategic objectives

helps top executives determine how close the company is to true maximization of both revenues and profits.

helps lower-level managers and employees gain a clearer understanding of the company's strategic vision, strategic intent, and strategy.

helps a company avoid ho-hum results.

is one of the best managerial tools for motivating company personnel to execute the strategy with greater proficiency and at lower overall cost.

helps convert a company's strategic intent into meaningful performance targets

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07-09-22 | 16:01:39 pm
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[solved]Which one of the following is not among the chief duties/responsibilities of a company's board of directors insofar as the strategy-making, strategy-executing process is concerned?

Overseeing the company's financial accounting and financial reporting practices

Evaluating the caliber of senior executives' strategy-making and strategy-executing skills

Supervising enforcement of high ethical standards and stepping in to take the lead role in promptly revising and improving the company's strategy whenever the company's financial performance is unsatisfactory

Critically appraising the company's direction, strategy, and business approaches

Instituting a compensation plan for top executives that rewards them for actions and results that serve stakeholders' interests, and most especially those of shareholders

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07-09-22 | 15:58:53 pm
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[solved] Strategic intent refers to a situation where a company

adopts a new or different strategic vision.

decides to shift from one competitive approach to a different competitive approach.

is strongly committed to achieving the targeted outcomes in its balanced scorecard.

relentlessly pursues an ambitious strategic objective, concentrating the full force of its resources and competitive actions on achieving that objective.

has an unshakable commitment to a particular strategy.

Answer this Question


07-09-22 | 15:57:30 pm
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[solved] The task of stitching together a strategy

entails addressing a series of hows: how to attract and please customers, how to compete against rivals, how to position the company in the marketplace vis-a-vis rivals, how best to pursue attractive opportunities to grow the business, how best to respond to changing economic and market conditions, how to manage each functional piece of the business, and how to achieve the company's strategic and financial objectives.

chiefly entails deciding which of several freshly-emerging market opportunities to pursue but can also include planned actions to capitalize on attractive growth opportunities in other businesses, internal actions aimed at achieving financial and strategic objectives more quickly than planned, and how to manage each functional piece of the business.

entails trying to copy the strategies of the most successful companies in the industry as closely as possible.

is mainly an exercise in piecing together and unifying several "dare-to-be different" ways to attract customers and build a high degree of customer loyalty.

is mainly an exercise in staying flexible, so as to enable quick response to changing market conditions and competitive circumstances, rapid pursuit of emerging growth opportunities, and early adoption of newly emerging technologies.

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07-09-22 | 15:53:56 pm
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[solved] A company's values relate to such things as

how it will balance its pursuit of financial objectives against the pursuit of its strategic objectives--creating a "balanced scorecard" approach to measuring performance is a strong plus.

the beliefs, principles, and ethical standards that are incorporated into the company's strategy.

the preferred business approaches and operating practices that help company personnel balance efforts to achieve short-term performance targets with their efforts to achieve long-range performance targets.

whether it will emphasize high ethical standards or engage in shady business practices, whether it will pursue high market share or high profitability, and whether it will put more emphasis on pleasing customers or on pleasing shareholders.

fair treatment, honor and integrity, ethical behavior, innovativeness, teamwork, accountability, a passion for top-notch quality or superior customer service, social responsibility, and community citizenship.

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07-09-22 | 15:52:19 pm
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[solved] Which one of the following is not one of the five tasks that comprise the strategy-making, strategy-executing process?

Implementing and executing the chosen strategy efficiently and effectively

Crafting a strategy to achieve the performance objectives and move the company along the path management has charted

Setting objectives and using them as yardsticks for measuring the company's performance and tracking its progress in moving in the intended long-term direction and pursuing the strategic vision and mission

Developing a profitable business model

Developing a strategic vision that charts the company's long-term direction, a mission statement that describes the purpose of the company's business, and a set of core values to guide the pursuit of the strategic vision and mission

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07-09-22 | 15:50:17 pm
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[SOLVED] A company that pursues and achieves strategic objectives

is likely to be a below-average financial performer because diverting resources to the pursuit of strategic objectives takes away from the achievement of financial performance targets.

is frequently better able to improve its future financial performance (because of the stronger market standing and greater ability to compete successfully against rivals that result from setting and achieving aggressive strategic objectives).

is likely to earn lower profits than a company that focuses it full attention on achieving higher profitability.

is unlikely to satisfy shareholder expectations because senior executives are not totally focused on the only valid purpose of a business: making the largest possible profit for shareholders.

believes that pleasing customers is the single biggest driver of good long-term financial performance.

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07-09-22 | 15:49:15 pm
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[SOLVED] Which of the following are characteristics of an effectively-worded strategic vision statement?

Innovative, inspiring, and highly unique

Memorable, forward-looking and directional, and focused

Balanced, rational, unique, and inspirational

Challenging, totally ethical, and highly focused on achieving competitive advantage

Imaginative, customer-focused, and no longer than 10 words

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07-09-22 | 15:46:32 pm
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[solved] Business strategy, as distinct from corporate strategy, concerns

selecting which new businesses to enter, which existing businesses to get out of, and which existing businesses to remain in.

the actions, approaches, and practices to be employed in managing particular functions or business processes or key activities within a given line of business.

choosing what customer value proposition to employ.

the actions and approaches being employed to produce successful performance in one specific line of business.

choosing the most appropriate strategic intent for a specific line of business.

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07-09-22 | 15:40:08 pm
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[SOLVED] Which one of the following is not one of the external or internal considerations in deciding on a company's future direction?

What actions should the company take to achieve a sustainable competitive advantage in every market the company competes in?

Are the winds of change—most especially those affecting the market and competitive arenas in which the company competes—acting to enhance or weaken the company’s prospects?

Does sticking with the company's present strategic course present attractive opportunities for growth and profitability?

Does the company have attractively strong resources and competitive capabilities to grow revenues and profits in the years ahead?

Is the company at risk because of specific resource weaknesses or deficient competitive capabilities or threats of technological obsolescence?

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07-09-22 | 15:37:08 pm
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[SOLVED] Which one of the following approaches to objective-setting should definitely be avoided?

Setting objectives for each of the organization's separate businesses, product lines, functional departments, and individual work units

Setting both strategic and financial objectives

Setting both short-term and long-term objectives

Setting stretch objectives

Setting unspecific targets like maximize profits, reduce costs, become more efficient, or increase revenues

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07-09-22 | 15:32:02 pm
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[SOLVED] A company's mission statement typically addresses which of the following questions? quizlet

 

"What are our high-priority objectives and what should our strategy be to achieve them?"

"What products/services are we providing to customers in order to be successful in achieving our customer proposition?"

"How fast do we plan to introduce new products?"

"Who are we, what do we do, and why are we here?"

"What business model should we employ to successfully achieve our shareholder value proposition?"

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07-09-22 | 15:22:51 pm
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[SOLVED] In most corporations, strategy-making is quizlet

first and foremost the function of a company's chief executive officer - who formulates strategic initiatives and submits them to the board of directors for approval.

primarily the joint responsibility of a company's senior executives and board of directors.

first and foremost the function and responsibility of a company's chief strategy officer (who usually reports directly to the chief executive officer and also coordinates closely with members of the company's board of directors).

more of a collaborative group effort that involves executives and managers at many organizational levels, as opposed to being the function and sole responsibility of a few high-ranking executives.

first and foremost the function and responsibility of a company's board of directors.

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07-09-22 | 15:20:02 pm
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[solved] Opportunities to differentiate a company's product offering quizlet

are most reliably found in either the product R&D or supply chain portions of its value chain.

can exist in activities all along an industry's value chain and usually entail deliberate efforts to perform value chain activities in ways that create value-adding differentiating attributes for customers.

are typically located in the sales and marketing portion of the value chain.

are most frequently related to a company's R&D expertise, manufacturing capabilities, and/or customer service activities.

are usually tied to product quality and customer service.

 

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05-09-22 | 22:39:59 pm
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[solved] The generic types of competitive strategies include quizlet

best-cost provider strategies, low-cost provider strategies, focused low-cost strategies, broad differentiation strategies, and focused differentiation strategies.

best-value strategies, best-cost strategies, best-performance strategies, first-mover strategies, offensive strategies, and defensive strategies.

offensive strategies, defensive strategies, customer-focused strategies, market-focused strategies, and brand image strategies.

high differentiation strategies, low differentiation strategies, first-mover strategies, late-mover strategies, best-value strategies, low-price strategies, customer-focused strategies.

low-cost strategies, best-price strategies, differentiation strategies, best-value strategies, offensive strategies, defensive strategies, and market focused strategies.

 

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05-09-22 | 22:38:07 pm
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[solved] Which one of the following statements about cost drivers is true?

Effective management of a company's cost drivers is essential for a company to be successful in eliminating or bypassing some cost-producing activities.

The two cost drivers with the biggest cost-saving potential are product design and supply chain efficiency.

The more cost drivers that a company has, the better are its chances of becoming the industry's low-cost leader.

The three most important cost drivers are economies of scale, labor efficiency and pay scales, and capacity utilization.

The term cost drivers refers to a set of factors that have a strong effect on a company's costs and can be used as levers to lower costs.

 

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05-09-22 | 22:36:30 pm
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[solved] Which one of the following does not represent market circumstances that make a focused low-cost or focused differentiation strategy attractive?

When buyers are not strongly brand loyal and have low costs in switching brands 

When it is costly or difficult for multi-segment competitors to put capabilities in place to meet the specialized needs of the target market niche and at the same time satisfy the expectations of their mainstream customers

When the target market niche is big enough to be profitable and offers good growth potential

When the target market niche is not overcrowded with a number of other rivals attempting to focus on the same niche

When the focuser has a reservoir of customer goodwill and loyalty that it can draw upon to help stave off any ambitious challengers looking to horn in on its business.

 

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05-09-22 | 22:34:35 pm
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[solved] For a company's competitive strategy to succeed in delivering good performance or the intended competitive advantage over rivals, quizlet

the company is well-advised to employ either a low-cost provider strategy or a best-cost provider strategy--differentiation strategies rarely work well because of the ease with which competitors are usually able to quickly copy most or all of the appealing product attributes a company comes up with.

it must be underpinned by resources and capabilities that enable the company to execute its strategy with a high degree of proficiency.

the company must typically employ a value chain with more cost drivers and more value drivers than any other rival company in the industry.

it must possess the resources and capabilities to achieve best-cost status and thereby put itself in strong position to become a dominating market leader by outcompeting firms employing low-cost provider, broad differentiation, and focused strategies.

the strategy must be aimed squarely at achieving a cost-based competitive advantage--this is because, given sufficient time, competitors can clone most any product feature that buyers find quite appealing and thus defeat a strategy keyed to product differentiation.

 

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05-09-22 | 22:32:59 pm
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[SOLVED] Which one of the following is not among the cost drivers shown in Figure 5.2? quizlet

Economies of scale and learning and experience effects

Outsourcing and vertical integration

Raw materials and components, capacity utilization, and product design and production technology

Advertising and administrative activities

Bargaining power with suppliers and supply chain efficiency

 

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05-09-22 | 22:30:59 pm
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[solved] Which one of the following is not among the cost drivers shown in Figure 5.2? quizlet

Economies of scale and learning and experience effects

Outsourcing and vertical integration

Raw materials and components, capacity utilization, and product design and production technology

Advertising and administrative activities

Bargaining power with suppliers and supply chain efficiency

 

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05-09-22 | 22:29:57 pm
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[solved] To achieve a cost advantage over rivals, a company

must either do a better job of performing value chain activities more cost-effectively than rivals and/or else cut costs by revamping its overall value chain to eliminate or bypass some cost-producing activities.

must either use the company's bargaining power vis-a-vis suppliers to gain cost-saving concessions or else sell direct to consumers in order to cut out the activities and costs of distributors and dealers.

minimize the use of cost drivers in performing value chain activities.

offer a limited selection of models and styles (as opposed to a wide selection), pursue efforts to boost sales volumes and thus spread such costs as R&D, advertising, and selling and administrative costs out over more units, and pursue either a low-cost provider strategy or a focused low-cost strategy.

must succeed in substituting the use of low-cost for high-cost raw materials and component parts and/or strip frills and features from its product offering that are not highly valued by price sensitive or bargain-hunting buyers.

 

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05-09-22 | 22:27:52 pm
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[solved] A company's competitive strategy deals with quizlet

which weapons it plans to use in outmaneuvering rivals and achieving bigger sales volumes.

the specifics of management's game plan for competing successfully - how it intends to please customers, offensive and defensive moves to counter the maneuvers of rivals, responses to shifting market conditions, and initiatives to strengthen the company's market position and achieve a particular kind of competitive advantage.

what business, functional area, and operating-level strategies it will employ to execute its customer service proposition and profit proposition.

the operating strategies it will employ to defend against the five competitive forces.

what actions, if any, the company is taking to change its position on the industry's strategic group map.

 

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05-09-22 | 22:25:37 pm
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[solved] When a company adopts a low-cost provider strategy, quizlet

its foremost strategic objective becomes one of earning higher profit margins than rivals with higher costs.

it must strive to attract, please, and retain bargain-hunting buyers.

its strategic intent is one of charging an absolutely rock-bottom price and thereby attract more price sensitive buyers than all other rival companies combined.

its success in the marketplace hinges on producing and marketing a frills-free product and pursuing cost-saving approaches and/or having cost-reducing capabilities that enable it to achieve the lowest possible costs per unit sold.

it needs to find ways to drive costs out of its business such that it is able to achieve meaningfully lower costs than rivals while taking care to incorporate features and attributes into its product offering that buyers consider essential.

 

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05-09-22 | 22:23:40 pm
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[solved] A broad differentiation strategy is generally not well-suited for which one of the following market circumstances?

When buyer needs and preferences are too diverse to be fully satisfied by a standardized product

When technological change is fast-paced and competition revolves around rapidly evolving product features and attributes.

When the products of rivals are weakly differentiated and price competition among rival firms is vigorous

When there are many ways to differentiate the product or service that have value to buyers

When few rivals are pursuing a differentiation approach that is similar to the one a company is pursuing

 

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05-09-22 | 22:21:58 pm
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[solved] One way a company can translate a low-cost advantage over rivals into attractive profit performance is by quizlet

striving to capture all available economies of scale and thereby having the most efficient value chain in the industry.

charging everyday low prices for its products/services in order to gain the biggest (and thus most profitable) market share in the industry.

using its lower-cost edge to underprice competitors and attract price-sensitive buyers in great enough numbers to increase total profits.

using its ability to drive costs out of the business to achieve the absolute lowest possible costs and the absolute highest profit margins.

aggressively pursuing manufacturing innovation so as to keep lowering its manufacturing costs and increasing its after-tax profit margins.

 

 

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05-09-22 | 22:20:21 pm
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[solved] Which of the following statements about a best-cost provider strategy is false? quizlet

Unless a company has the resources and capabilities to incorporate upscale product or service attributes at a lower cost than rivals, adopting a best-cost strategy is ill-advised because the company lacks the ability to execute it.

The target market for a best-cost provider is value-conscious buyers--buyers looking for appealing extras and functionality at an appealingly low price.

The competitive advantage of a best-cost provider is lower costs than rivals in incorporating upscale attributes, thus putting the company in a position to underprice rivals whose products have similar upscale attributes.

A best-cost provider strategy aims at attracting buyers on the basis of having the industry's overall best-performing product and charging a price that is slightly below the industry-average price.

Being a best-cost provider is different from being a low-cost provider.

 

 

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05-09-22 | 22:18:14 pm
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[SOLVED] Which of the following is not one of the pitfalls of a low-cost provider strategy? quizlet

Getting carried away with overly aggressive price-cutting to win sales and market share away from rival firms--higher unit sales and market shares do not automatically translate into higher total profits

Not being alert to the risks that an innovative rival may discover an even lower lower-cost value chain approach or that the firm's cost advantage can be undermined by cost-saving technological breakthroughs

Failing to emphasize avenues of cost advantage that can be kept proprietary or that are very costly and/or time-consuming for rivals to copy

Pursuing low costs so zealously that a company's product offering ends up being too features-poor to generate buyer appeal

Failing to slash price far enough below what rivals are charging to achieve dramatically large gains in sales volumes and market share

 

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05-09-22 | 22:14:58 pm
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[solved] The chief difference between a low-cost provider strategy and a focused low-cost strategy is quizlet

the degree to which the product offering is frills free--a low-cost provider strategy is aimed at cutting frills and features throughout the entire value chain whereas a focused low-cost strategy concentrates on achieving cost-savings by cutting a select number of frills and features.

the number of areas in the value chain where efforts are being made to achieve cost-savings--a low-cost provider strategy is aimed at achieving cost-savings throughout the entire value chain whereas a focused low-cost strategy concentrates on achieving cost-savings in a few carefully-selected value chain activities.

the degree to which a company uses the appeal of a lower price to attract buyers--a low-cost provider strategy entails deeper price discounting than a focused low-cost strategy.

the size of the buyer group that a company is trying to appeal to.

the approach a company uses to achieve a low-cost advantage--a low-cost provider strategy is aimed at performing value chain activities more cost effectively than rivals whereas a focused low-cost strategy concentrates on utilizing innovative ways to eliminate or bypass the costs of certain non-essential value chain activities.

 

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05-09-22 | 13:19:41 pm
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[solved] The chief difference between a low-cost provider strategy and a focused low-cost strategy is quizlet

the degree to which the product offering is frills free--a low-cost provider strategy is aimed at cutting frills and features throughout the entire value chain whereas a focused low-cost strategy concentrates on achieving cost-savings by cutting a select number of frills and features.

the number of areas in the value chain where efforts are being made to achieve cost-savings--a low-cost provider strategy is aimed at achieving cost-savings throughout the entire value chain whereas a focused low-cost strategy concentrates on achieving cost-savings in a few carefully-selected value chain activities.

the degree to which a company uses the appeal of a lower price to attract buyers--a low-cost provider strategy entails deeper price discounting than a focused low-cost strategy.

the size of the buyer group that a company is trying to appeal to.

the approach a company uses to achieve a low-cost advantage--a low-cost provider strategy is aimed at performing value chain activities more cost effectively than rivals whereas a focused low-cost strategy concentrates on utilizing innovative ways to eliminate or bypass the costs of certain non-essential value chain activities.

 

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05-09-22 | 13:15:25 pm
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[solved] One approach a company can take to achieve a sustainable competitive advantage via differentiation is by quizlet

focusing its differentiation efforts on those product features and attributes that are costly to incorporate (because expensive attributes are perceived by buyers as more valuable and worth paying more for).

underpricing rivals who also have differentiated products.

incorporating product attributes and user features that enhance buyer satisfaction in intangible ways.

incorporating features that enable it to compete in multiple market segments.

deliberately designing and employing a value chain that utilizes more "value drivers" than any other firm in the industry.

 

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05-09-22 | 13:10:24 pm
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[solved] Which one of the following is not a "value driver" (as shown in Figure 5.3) that, when properly used, can be a particularly effective pathway to creating value-adding differentiating attributes for customers? quizlet

Automation and robotics technology that enhance labor productivity

Product features and performance

New product R&D and product innovation

Customer service and product quality and reliability

Production R&D and breakthrough production techniques

 

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05-09-22 | 12:33:24 pm
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[solved] A company achieves best-cost provider status by quizlet

concentrating its full attention on attracting value-conscious buyers looking for the best price for the best product produced at the best cost.

providing buyers with the best features and attributes, thereby enabling it to charge the best price and deliver the best value to its customers.

having the best cost (as compared to rivals) for each activity in the industry's value chain.

using the best operating practices and incorporating the best features and attributes.

developing the capability to incorporate attractive upscale attributes at a lower cost than those rivals with comparable upscale product offerings.

 

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05-09-22 | 12:29:56 pm
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[solved] What sets focused strategies apart from low-cost provider and broad differentiation strategies is quizlet

concentrated attention on a narrow piece of the overall market--the target segment or market niche can be defined by geographic uniqueness, by specialized requirements in using the product, or by special product attributes that appeal only to those buyers who comprise the market niche.

concentrated effort to become the industry's overall market share leader by totally dominating sales in one particular market niche.

strong focus on using a single value driver to provide buyers with a few well-defined product features and attributes.

their suitability for market situations where most industry rivals have weakly differentiated products.

concentrated attention on providing buyers with top-notch product performance and superior product quality.

 

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05-09-22 | 12:25:58 pm
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[SOLVED] The pitfalls of a differentiation strategy include quizlet

not spending enough on advertising and promotional campaigns.

charging too low a price premium for the differentiating features.

trying to focus simultaneously on most all of the available value drivers to set the company's product offering apart from those of rivals.

not pursuing the same approach to differentiation as other rivals employing a differentiation strategy.

differentiating on the basis of attributes that produce an unenthusiastic response on the part of buyers (because they do not perceive the differentiating features as valuable or worth paying for).

 

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05-09-22 | 12:20:14 pm
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[solved] A company's strategy is most accurately defined as

the choices management has made in trying to execute its customer value proposition and its profit proposition.

the competitive maneuvers and business approaches that a company is using to maximize its profitability and increase the wealth of its shareholders.

management's commitment to pursue a particular set of actions in attracting and pleasing customers, competing successfully, growing the business, responding to changing market conditions, conducting operations, and achieving the targeted financial and market performance.

management's game plan for being highly profitable and having the biggest market share of any company in the industry.

the combination of competitive business approaches management is employing to increase revenues, reduce costs, and earn attractive profits.

 

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05-09-22 | 00:26:24 am
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[solved] There are many routes to competitive advantage, but they all involve quizlet

selling at a price that is lower than the prices charged by other rival firms.

achieving the largest market share of any company in the industry.

providing a distinctive buyer segment with what segment members perceive as superior value compared to the offerings of rival sellers.

providing buyers with a very high quality product at an attractive price.

having lower production costs than any other rival company in the industry.

 

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05-09-22 | 00:24:35 am
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[solved] Which of the following questions helps distinguish a winning strategy from a mediocre or losing strategy? quizlet

Is the company's strategy ethical and does it put enough emphasis on good product quality and good customer service?

Is the strategy helping the company achieve a sustainable competitive advantage and is it resulting in good company performance?

Does the strategy strike a good balance between maximizing shareholder wealth and maximizing customer satisfaction?

Is the company putting too little emphasis on growth and profitability and too much emphasis on behaving in an ethical and environmentally responsible manner?

Is the strategy resulting in declining costs per unit produced and sold?

 

 

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05-09-22 | 00:23:22 am
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[SOLVED] A company's strategy

represents managerial commitment to undertake one set of actions rather than another in an effort to compete successfully and achieve good performance outcomes.

sets forth the long-term direction that management intends for the company to pursue.

concerns management's plans for delivering value to customers and being profitable in the company's chosen line of business.

concerns the market segments it plans to target, the means of executing its business model, and how it will implement and execute its customer value proposition and shareholder value proposition.

consists of the actions the company is pursuing to increase its sales revenues, become the market share leader, and boost its stock price.

 

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05-09-22 | 00:21:05 am
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[solved] which of the following is not something to look for in identifying a company's strategy?

Actions to compete more successfully and profitably by offering buyers more or better performance features, more appealing design, higher quality, better customer service, wider product selection, or other such attributes that enhance buyer appeal

Actions to boost the company's earnings per share and stock price

Actions to enter new product segments or geographic markets or to exit existing ones

Actions and approaches used in managing R&D, production, sales and marketing, finance, and other key activities

Actions to strengthen marketing standing and competitiveness via mergers, acquisitions, strategic alliances, or collaborative partnerships

 

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05-09-22 | 00:17:39 am
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[solved] A company's strategy evolves from one version to the next

because of ongoing turnover in the managerial and executive ranks (new managers often decide to shift to a different strategy).

because an ongoing tide of new and stricter government regulations forces managers to make strategy changes in order for the company to remain in compliance with shifting regulatory requirements.

because of shifting managerial conclusions about which strategy alternative is actually best.

because ongoing pressures from shareholders for higher profits and bigger dividends force top management to institute new and bold strategic initiatives of varying kinds to produce better overall company performance.

as managers abandon obsolete or ineffective strategy elements, settle upon a set of proactive strategy elements, and then--as new circumstances unfold--make adaptive strategic adjustments, all of which result in an assortment of reactive strategy elements.

 

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05-09-22 | 00:15:14 am
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[solved] The profit proposition or profit formula portion of a company's business model concerns

its business approach to generating sufficiently large revenues and controlling the costs of its customer value proposition, such that the company will simultaneously be able to deliver the intended value to customers and deliver appealing profits to shareholders.

how the company will generate revenues big enough to cover all operating costs, keep prices as low as possible, and achieve 100% customer satisfaction.

the operating profit margin the company earns over and above the costs of all the resources and business processes the company utilizes in delivering value to the company's shareholders.

whether the value the company provides to customers will be high enough to enable the company to outcompete rivals and achieve a sustainable competitive advantage.

the ways and means by which it will control the costs of delivering value to customers.

 

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05-09-22 | 00:13:24 am
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[solved] The difference between a company's strategy and a company's business model is that

the strategy concerns how to compete successfully and the business model concerns how to operate cost-efficiently.

a company's strategy concerns how to differentiate its product offering from the offerings of rival companies while its business model concerns how to operate cost-efficiently and profitably.

a company's strategy concerns how it intends to deliver value to customers whereas a company's business model concerns how to deliver value to the owners of the business.

a company's strategy is its game plan for achieving operating efficiency while its business model is management's game plan for satisfying shareholder expectations for attractive revenue growth and excellent long-term profitability.

its strategy is defined by the specific market positioning, competitive moves, and business approaches management employs to try to produce good business results while its business model relates to management's blueprint for delivering a valuable product or service to customers in a manner that will generate revenues sufficient to cover costs and yield an attractive profit.

 

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05-09-22 | 00:11:18 am
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[solved] Which of the following is not a frequently used and dependable strategic approach to setting a company apart from rivals, delivering superior value, achieving competitive advantage, and converting buyers into loyal customers? quizlet

Striving to be the industry's low-cost provider, thereby aiming for a cost-based competitive advantage over rivals that can become the basis for charging lower prices and/or earning higher profits

Focusing on a narrow market niche and winning a competitive edge by doing a better job than rivals of serving the special needs and tastes of buyers that compose the niche

Developing competitively valuable resources and capabilities that rivals can't easily imitate or trump with resources or capabilities of their own

Outcompeting rivals by having the most unique and economically-priced product offering of any firm in the industry

Competing successfully and profitably against rivals based on such differentiating features as higher quality, wider product selection, added performance, value-added services, more attractive styling, technological superiority, or some other attributes that set a company's product offering apart from those of rivals

 

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05-09-22 | 00:09:17 am
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[solved] The two crucial elements of a company's business model are

its proposition for achieving an attractive return on investment and its action plan for maximizing customer satisfaction.

its profit proposition or "profit formula" and its customer value proposition.

its pricing formula and the set of actions and approaches that it will employ to achieve market leadership.

its revenue growth proposition and its formula for delivering value to customers at a price that yields attractive profits for shareholders.

its proposition for gaining a sustainable competitive advantage and the pricing formula it will employ to attract and please customers.

 

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05-09-22 | 00:07:29 am
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[solved] Which of the following is NOT one of the reasons that a company's strategy evolves over time?

The deliberately planned efforts of company managers to make frequent strategy adjustments that will surprise rivals and keep them busily engaged in defending against its latest moves in the marketplace. 

The need to respond to important technological breakthroughs and/or the fresh moves of competitors

When the present strategy is clearly failing, perhaps because market conditions or buyer preferences suddenly change dramatically

Ongoing management efforts to fine-tune this or that piece of the strategy and to adjust certain strategy elements in response to new learning and unfolding events

The need to keep strategy in step with changing market conditions, advancing technology, and/or newly emerging market opportunities

 

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05-09-22 | 00:05:23 am
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[solved] The reputational and financial damage that unethical strategies and behavior can do to a company

is typically of no concern to customers since they are unaffected.

is normally quite minimal so long as company officials quickly make a public apology for the wrongdoing.

is usually very short-run in nature; typically, companies can overcome the adverse effects of ethical improprieties within several months.

is seldom big enough to be of much concern to its shareholders.

is substantial; consequently, there are good business reasons for a company and its personnel to avoid unethical strategic actions and behaviors.

 

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05-09-22 | 00:02:54 am
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[solved] Among all the things managers do, nothing affects a company's ultimate success or failure more fundamentally than quizlet

their ability to operate the company in a manner that both pleases customers and results in above-average profitability.

the degree to which the company is able to achieve a sustainable competitive advantage.

the ability of top management to develop a superior business model and to execute the company's strategy in the most cost-effective manner.

top management's success in executing both the company's customer value proposition and profit proposition. 

how well its management team charts the company's direction, develops competitively effective strategic moves and business approaches, and pursues what needs to be done internally to produce good day-in/day-out strategy execution and operating excellence.

 

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05-09-22 | 00:00:45 am
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[SOLVED] A company's strategy can be considered "ethical"

if it does not entail actions or behaviors that cross the moral line from "can do" to "should not do."

if each element of its strategy is "legal" and does not injure the business of rival firms or the well-being of customers or the environment.

so long as the company's strategic actions fall within the bounds of what is legal and help the company achieve the purpose and intent of both its customer value proposition and profit proposition.

if its actions and behaviors fall within the bounds of "fair competition."

so long as the appropriate governmental authorities find nothing "morally wrong" in the company's actions and issue the company a certificate of ethical compliance.

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04-09-22 | 23:58:48 pm
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[solved] Which of the following statements about a company's strategy is true? quizlet

A company's strategy is developed mostly on the fly because of ongoing managerial actions to experiment with innovative ways to keep the company's product offering fresh and appealing to buyers.

A company's strategy is typically planned well in advance and usually deviates little from the planned set of actions and business approaches.

A company's strategy is typically a blend of proactive and reactive strategy elements.

A company's strategy generally changes very little over time unless a newly-appointed CEO decides to take the company in a new direction with a new strategy.

Mimicking the strategies of successful industry rivals--with either copycat product offerings or maneuvers to stake out the same market position--is one of the most reliable and time efficient ways to craft a profitable strategy.

 

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04-09-22 | 23:56:24 pm
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[SOLVED] Which of the following is not a frequently used strategic approach to setting a company apart from rivals, delivering superior value, achieving competitive advantage, and converting buyers into loyal customers?

Striving to be more profitable than rivals and aiming for a competitive edge based on bigger profit margins

Striving to be the industry's low-cost provider, thereby aiming for a cost-based competitive advantage over rivals that can become the basis for charging lower prices and/or earning higher profits

Focusing on a narrow market niche and winning a competitive edge by doing a better job than rivals of satisfying the special needs and tastes of buyers comprising the niche

Developing competitively valuable resources and capabilities that rivals can't easily imitate or trump with resources or capabilities of their own

Competing successfully and profitably against rivals on the basis of such differentiating features as higher quality, wider product selection, added performance, value-added services, more attractive styling, technological superiority, or some other attributes that set a company's product offering apart from those of rivals

 

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04-09-22 | 23:53:15 pm
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[SOLVED] A company's business model

sets forth how its strategy and operating approaches will create value for customers while at the same time generating revenues sufficient to cover costs and realize a profit.

describes the actions that will be taken to satisfy the three tests of a winning strategy.

concerns the strategy and business approaches that will be used to attract customers, become the market share leader, and earn appealing profits.

deals with how it can simultaneously maximize profits and deliver good value to customers.

concerns what strategic initiatives and business approaches will be employed to simultaneously produce a sustainable competitive advantage, grow revenues and profits, and deliver good value to customers.

 

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04-09-22 | 23:51:11 pm
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[SOLVED] A company achieves sustainable competitive advantage when

it gains a sufficiently large market share to become and remain the biggest company in the industry.

it has the highest sales revenues of any company in the industry.

its after-tax profits are larger than any other company in the industry.

an attractive number of buyers are drawn to purchase its products or services rather than those of competitors and when the basis for this preference is durable, despite the efforts of competitors to nullify or overcome the appeal of its product offering.

it is consistently able to charge a higher price than rivals and thereby maximize its profits.

 

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04-09-22 | 23:48:59 pm
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[solved] The difference between a company's strategy and a company's business model is that

the strategy concerns how to compete successfully and the business model concerns how to deliver value to customers in the most cost-efficient manner.

a company's strategy concerns how to outcompete rivals while its business model concerns how to achieve high levels of customer satisfaction.

a company's strategy is management's game plan for delivering value to customers while its business model is management's game plan for meeting the conditions of its profit formula or profit proposition and delivering value to shareholders.

strategy relates broadly to a company's competitive moves and business approaches (which may or may not lead to profitability) while its business model relates to whether the company can execute its customer value proposition profitably.

a company's strategy is management's game plan for delivering value to customers whereas a company's business model is the game plan for delivering value to shareholders.

 

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04-09-22 | 23:46:54 pm
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[solved] Which of the following questions helps distinguish a winning strategy from a mediocre or losing strategy? quizlet

 

Is the company's strategy ethical and does it put enough emphasis on good product quality and good customer service?

Is the strategy resulting in declining costs per unit produced and sold?

Is the strategy helping the company achieve a sustainable competitive advantage and is it resulting in good company performance?

Is the company putting too little emphasis on growth and profitability and too much emphasis on behaving in an ethical and environmentally responsible manner?

Does the strategy strike a good balance between maximizing shareholder wealth and maximizing customer satisfaction?

 

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04-09-22 | 23:44:47 pm
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[SOLVED] A company's strategy is a "work in progress" and evolves over time because of

the need to react and respond to changing market and competitive conditions and ongoing management efforts to improve this or that piece of the strategy.

the importance of developing a fresh strategy at least once a year.

the importance of copying the latest strategic moves of the industry leader.

an ongoing need to make periodic adjustments in the company's business model.

an ongoing need to experiment with new and/or different ways to outmaneuver rivals, gain market share, and boost the company's stock price.

 

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04-09-22 | 23:42:11 pm
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[SOLVED] Which of the following is not something a company's strategy is concerned with?

Management's choices about how to position the company in the marketplace vis-a-vis rivals and capitalize on opportunities to grow the business

Management's choices and decisions about how to manage each functional piece of the business and achieve the company's performance targets

Management's choice of which of several alternative business models to employ in delivering value to customers and to shareholders

Management's choices about how to compete against rival companies

Management's choices about how to attract and please customers and respond to changing economic and market conditions

 

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04-09-22 | 23:39:36 pm
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[SOLVED] Which of the following statements about a company's strategy is true? quizlet

Mimicking the strategies of successful industry rivals--with either copycat product offerings or maneuvers to stake out the same market position--is one of the most reliable and time efficient ways to craft a profitable strategy.

A company's strategy generally changes very little over time unless a newly-appointed CEO decides to take the company in a new direction with a new strategy.

A company's strategy is developed mostly on the fly because of ongoing managerial actions to experiment with innovative ways to keep the company's product offering fresh and appealing to buyers.

A company's strategy is typically a blend of proactive and reactive strategy elements.

A company's strategy is typically planned well in advance and usually deviates little from the planned set of actions and business approaches.

 

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04-09-22 | 23:37:30 pm
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[solved] Typically, a company's strategy is quizlet

kept relatively unchanged for a year or more; frequent strategy changes confuse customers and cannot be executed with any degree of competence.

a close imitation of the market leader's strategy.

a blend of (1) proactive actions to improve the company's financial performance and secure a competitive edge and (2) as-needed reactions to unanticipated developments and fresh market conditions.

100 percent differentiated from the strategies of rival companies; any and all copycat strategy elements must be avoided for a company's strategy to be competitively and financially successful.

fine-tuned monthly (occasionally, more often) in order to be as innovative as possible in trying to achieve a sustainable competitive advantage over rivals.

 

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04-09-22 | 23:35:58 pm
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[SOLVED] In choosing among strategy alternatives, company managers quizlet

should be aware that governmental authorities are the final arbiter of whether a company's strategic actions are "morally right" or "morally wrong."

are well-advised to embrace strategic actions that can pass the test of moral scrutiny--it is not enough to just stay within the bounds of what is legal and is in compliance with prevailing government regulations.

should recognize that all strategic actions that are legal are entirely permissible and comply with ethical standards.

are duty-bound to craft a strategy that maximizes the wealth of the company's shareholders.

have no reason to be concerned about pursuing any strategic actions that are both legal and in full compliance with prevailing governmental regulations.

 

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04-09-22 | 23:33:11 pm
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[SOLVED] which of the following is not something to look for in identifying a company's strategy? quizlet

Actions to strengthen public image and reputation via corporate social responsibility initiatives and environmental efforts to protect the planet

Actions to diversify the company’s revenues and earnings by entering new businesses

Actions to compete more successfully and profitably by offering buyers more or better performance features, more appealing design, higher quality, better customer service, wider product selection, or other attributes that enhance buyer appeal

Actions to enter new product segments or geographic markets or to exit existing ones

Actions to improve the company's image and stock price

 

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04-09-22 | 23:29:45 pm
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[SOLVED] The two crucial elements of a company's business model are

management's blueprint for operating in accord with high ethical standards and management's plan for achieving high levels of customer satisfaction.

how the strategy will result in achieving the targeted return on investment and what the company will do to please its customers.

how it intends to achieve high profit margins and its approach to satisfying customers.

its customer value proposition (the company's approach to satisfying buyer needs and requirements at a price they will consider a good value) and its "profit formula" (its business approach to generating sufficiently large revenues and controlling the costs of its value proposition, such that the company will be appealingly profitable in delivering the intended value to customers).

the action plan for achieving market leadership and the action plan for achieving 100 percent customer satisfaction.

 

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04-09-22 | 23:27:15 pm
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[SOLVED] A company's strategy is defined by

the competitive moves and business approaches that managers decide to employ to attract and please customers, compete successfully, grow the business, respond to changing market conditions, conduct operations, and achieve the targeted financial and market performance.

the actions its managers plan to take to capitalize on the company's best growth opportunities.

the actions management plans to take to attract and please customers.

the choices and decisions the company managers make about how to manage each functional piece of the company's business (such as R&D, supply chain activities, production, sales and marketing, distribution, finance, and human resources).

the actions management plans to take to respond to changing economic and market conditions.

 

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04-09-22 | 23:23:05 pm
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[solved] How well a company performs and the degree of market success it achieves are directly attributable to quizlet

the caliber of the company's business model and the managerial capabilities of top executives.

the caliber of its strategy and the proficiency with which the strategy is executed.

the profitability of its business model.

its operating efficiency, the caliber of its customer value proposition, and the caliber of its shareholder value proposition.

whether it enjoys a low-cost advantage over rivals and whether its product offering is strongly or weakly differentiated from the offerings of its rivals.

 

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04-09-22 | 23:21:09 pm
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[SOLVED] How well a company performs and the degree of market success it achieves are directly attributable to quizlet

the caliber of the company's business model and the managerial capabilities of top executives.

the caliber of its strategy and the proficiency with which the strategy is executed.

the profitability of its business model.

its operating efficiency, the caliber of its customer value proposition, and the caliber of its shareholder value proposition.

whether it enjoys a low-cost advantage over rivals and whether its product offering is strongly or weakly differentiated from the offerings of its rivals.

 

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04-09-22 | 23:17:04 pm
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[SOLVED] The pitfalls of a differentiation strategy include quizlet

The pitfalls of a differentiation strategy include

not spending enough on advertising and promotional campaigns.

charging too low a price premium for the differentiating features.

trying to focus simultaneously on most all of the available value drivers to set the company's product offering apart from those of rivals.

not pursuing the same approach to differentiation as other rivals employing a differentiation strategy.

differentiating on the basis of attributes that produce an unenthusiastic response on the part of buyers (because they do not perceive the differentiating features as valuable or worth paying for).

 

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04-09-22 | 22:31:05 pm
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There is no one more technically savvy

There is no one more technically savvy than James Westover. Indeed, he has built two amazing cloud-based applications and started his own application development company, all within two years of graduating from college. Because of his success, James caught the attention of Cheryl Stevens, a venture capitalist who funds technology start-ups. Cheryl asked James to send her his best idea for a new application remarking, “if it’s anything like your previous two, you can count me in.” James is worried about sending the idea without being able to clarify the very technical nature of his idea. Which of the following actions would you recommend James do at this stage in order to be most effective in communicating with Cheryl?

Select : 1

Save Answer

  •  Send Cheryl a recorded video presentation with the information she requested and tell her you’d be happy to answer any follow-up questions.

  •  Provide Cheryl with a brief proposal describing the idea and ask for a follow-up meeting.

  •  Send a non-technical summary of the idea and ask Cheryl for a follow-up meeting.

  •  Ask Cheryl if she has a technical advisory team that you could send the information to because it’s highly technical in nature.

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08-08-22 | 14:52:10 pm
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There is no one more technically savvy

There is no one more technically savvy than James Westover. Indeed, he has built two amazing cloud-based applications and started his own application development company, all within two years of graduating from college. Because of his success, James caught the attention of Cheryl Stevens, a venture capitalist who funds technology start-ups. Cheryl asked James to send her his best idea for a new application remarking, “if it’s anything like your previous two, you can count me in.” James is worried about sending the idea without being able to clarify the very technical nature of his idea. Which of the following actions would you recommend James do at this stage in order to be most effective in communicating with Cheryl?

Select : 1

Save Answer

  •  Send Cheryl a recorded video presentation with the information she requested and tell her you’d be happy to answer any follow-up questions.

  •  Provide Cheryl with a brief proposal describing the idea and ask for a follow-up meeting.

  •  Send a non-technical summary of the idea and ask Cheryl for a follow-up meeting.

  •  Ask Cheryl if she has a technical advisory team that you could send the information to because it’s highly technical in nature.

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08-08-22 | 14:51:57 pm
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Your team is struggling with who does

Your team is struggling with who does what task as well as how to combine everyone’s individual efforts to meet the team’s overall project goals. Which of the following actions would be most likely to help your teammates work together more effectively?

Select : 1

Save Answer

  •  Clarify the roles and the responsibilities of each team member.

  •  Rotate assignments among team members so everyone can do new things.

  •  Hold each team member accountable for his or her individual assignments.

  •  Appoint a team member to oversee the coordination of individual assignments.

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08-08-22 | 14:41:45 pm
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[solved] ou have been working on a new entrepreneurial venture with a few friends for the past year.

You have been working on a new entrepreneurial venture with a few friends for the past year. Everyone’s efforts are really starting to come together and you have even developed a proof-of-concept to show folks in order to obtain feedback and advice. The process has been going so well that you have been invited to pitch your idea to a panel of successful entrepreneurs that might be interested in investing. You have been told the pitch is limited to 15 minutes. Which of the following areas of communication effectiveness should you focus on the most when designing your pitch?

Select : 1

Save Answer

  •  Creating a memorable introduction to the pitch.

  •  Researching the background of the potential investors on the panel.

  •  Practicing your tone to clearly show your enthusiasm and confidence.

  •  Determining a few key ideas and how to best sequence them.

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08-08-22 | 12:51:43 pm
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What if last year the Andrews Corporation

What if last year the Andrews Corporation issued 206,800 shares at $124.00 per share. The effect on the balance sheet would have been:

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  •  Common Stock increased $25,643,200; Retained Earnings decreased $25,643,200.

  •  Cash increased $25,643,200; Common Stock decreased $25,643,200.

  •  Cash increased $25,643,200 Common Stock increased $25,643,200.

  •  Retained Earnings increased $25,643,200; Cash increased $25,643,200.

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29-07-22 | 20:41:30 pm
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How many Days of Working Capital does

How many Days of Working Capital does Digby have?

Select : 1

Save Answer

  •  92

  •  26

  •  71

  •  0

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29-07-22 | 20:37:11 pm
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Product Attic is being produced on both

Product Attic is being produced on both first and second shifts by company Andrews. Compare the incremental cost of purchasing an additional unit of first shift capacity with the additional labor costs of producing that unit on second shift. It costs $2.42/unit in labor to produce Attic on first shift, second shift labor costs are 50% higher. At the current automation level of 9.0 it costs $42.00/unit of first shift capacity. Assume the only fixed costs of purchasing first shift capacity will be Depreciation on a 15 year straight line. Ignore material costs and SG&A expenses which are the same on both shifts. Which of the following statements are true?

Select : 1

Save Answer

  •  Producing units on first shift is always more profitable than second shift because second shift labor rates are higher.

  •  At the current automation level it would be less profitable to pay second shift rates than to buy more capacity.

  •  At the current automation level it would be more profitable to pay second shift rates than to buy more capacity.

  •  It is always more profitable to produce on second shift rather than buying more capacity.

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29-07-22 | 20:33:56 pm
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A business is concerned with many day-to-day

A business is concerned with many day-to-day activities. Some of the most important are the planning and conception of the product or service, its pricing policy, and the distribution strategy. These activities are all a part of:

Select : 1

Save Answer

  •  A control system.

  •  Marketing.

  •  Accounting.

  •  Production.

  •  Human Resources.

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29-07-22 | 20:32:03 pm
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As part of your competitive analysis, you

As part of your competitive analysis, you notice that at Chester Corporation the Promo and Sales budgets of the Creak product are pretty low. You wonder how doubling Creak's Sales and Promo budget next year will increase demand--and aversely affect your sales. Examine the profitability of this scenario to Chester. For simplicity, assume the following: - Price remains unchanged at $15.00. - Variable costs reported on the Production Analysis Report remain constant: material stays at $5.93/unit and labor at $1.21/unit. - Promo and Sales budgets double from $1,200,000 and $1,000,000 respectively. - No inventory carry costs. - All other period costs are the same as reported on last year's Annual Report. Estimate how many units of Creak would have to be sold to reach break even.

Select : 1

Save Answer

  •  1,068 thousand units

  •  559 thousand units

  •  788 thousand units

  •  413 thousand units

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29-07-22 | 20:19:30 pm
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Review the Globe to determine Baldwin's current

Review the Globe to determine Baldwin's current strategy. How will they seek a competitive advantage? From the following list, select the top five sources of competitive advantage that Baldwin would be most likely to pursue.

 Tailor products to specific global regions.

 Seek the lowest price in their target market while maintaining a competitive contribution margin.

 Offer attractive credit terms.

 Accept lower plant utilization and higher plant capacity to ensure sufficient capacity is available to meet demand.

 Outsource units to meet additional demand.

 Seek high automation levels.

 Seek high plant utilization, even if it risks occasional small stock outs.

 Reduce cost of goods by reducing product specifications and quality.

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29-07-22 | 20:06:20 pm
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Andrews Company currently has the following balances

Andrews Company currently has the following balances in their liability and equity accounts:

Total Liabilities: $97,506,198
Common Stock: $48,308,000
Retained Earnings: $70,835,600

Suppose next year the Andrews Company generates $36,500,000 in Net Profit, pays $15,000,000 in dividends, and total liabilities and common stock remain unchanged. What must their total assets be next year?

 $268,149,798

 $216,649,798

 $238,149,798

 $70,835,600

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29-07-22 | 20:00:05 pm
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It is January 2nd. Senior management of

It is January 2nd. Senior management of Digby meets to determine their investment plan for the year. They decide to fully fund a plant and equipment purchase by issuing 50,000 shares of stock plus a new bond issue. The CFO happily notes this will raise their Leverage (Assets/Equity) to a new target of 2.45. Assume the stock can be issued at yesterday's stock price $12.77. Which of the following statements are true? (Select 2 answers)

 Digby bond issue will be $47,876

 Total investment for Digby will be $1,561,854

 Digby will issue stock totaling $638,297

 Long term debt will increase from $34,253,638 to $34,891,935

 Total Assets will rise to $131,267,730

 Digby working capital will be unchanged at $12,181,751

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29-07-22 | 19:58:29 pm
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Cake is a product of the Chester

Cake is a product of the Chester Company. Chester's sales forecast for Cake is 1,137 in the Americas region. Chester wants to have an extra 10% on hand above their forecasted units in case sales are better than expected. (They would risk the possibility of excess inventory carrying charges rather than risk lost profits on a stock out.) Taking current inventory into account, what will Cake's Fulfillment After Adjustment have to be in order to have a 10% reserve of units available for sale? All numbers in thousands (000).

 1,251 units

 1,137 units

 910 units

 1,023 units

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29-07-22 | 19:56:28 pm
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Baldwin plant has a capacity of 4,000,000

Baldwin plant has a capacity of 4,000,000 and an automation level of 4.5. Last year they produced 1,584,257 units of Baker - producing 1,584,257 and outsourcing 0 units.
Which of the following would help Baldwin minimize capital spending this year?

 Outsource 500,000 units of capacity

 Raise Automation to 7.0

 Purchase 1,000,000 units of capacity

 Purchase 500,000 units of capacity

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29-07-22 | 19:52:52 pm
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Review the Globe to determine Baldwin's current

Review the Globe to determine Baldwin's current strategy. How will they seek a competitive advantage? From the following list, select the top five sources of competitive advantage that Baldwin would be most likely to pursue.

 Tailor products to specific global regions.

 Seek the lowest price in their target market while maintaining a competitive contribution margin.

 Offer attractive credit terms.

 Accept lower plant utilization and higher plant capacity to ensure sufficient capacity is available to meet demand.

 Outsource units to meet additional demand.

 Seek high automation levels.

 Seek high plant utilization, even if it risks occasional small stock outs.

 Reduce cost of goods by reducing product specifications and quality.

 Seek excellent product designs, high awareness, and high accessibility.
 

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29-07-22 | 19:36:44 pm
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Based on the strategies of Baldwin and

Based on the strategies of Baldwin and Digby, which of the following statements are true? (Select 4)

 Baldwin has higher plant automation than Digby.

 Digby has lower average product costs than Baldwin.

 Baldwin should raise automation levels to 10.0 to expand on their current strategy.

 Digby focuses on reaching customers in all regions.

 Digby can expand on their current strategy by repositioning their products to the Performance segment.

 Baldwin must rely on consistent investments in R&D to continue developing and updating their product line.

 Baldwin focuses on reaching customers in all regions.

 Baldwin positions their products in the Performance segment to maximize their strategy.
 

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29-07-22 | 18:32:14 pm
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In order to sell a product at

In order to sell a product at a profit, the product must be priced higher than the total cost to build the unit, plus period expenses and overhead.

At the end of last year, Digby had their product Daze aimed at the Americas Budget segment. Use the Globe's Product Analysis to find Daze's production cost (labor + materials) in the Americas region. Exclude possible inventory carrying costs. Assume period expenses and overhead total 50% of their production cost.

What is the minimum price the product could have been sold for in the American region to cover the unit cost, period expenses, and overhead?



 $23.00

 $11.35

 $17.02

 $5.67

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29-07-22 | 18:25:08 pm
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Which description best fits Chester in your

Which description best fits Chester in your industry? For clarity:

- A differentiator competes through good designs, high awareness, and easy accessibility.

- A cost leader competes on price by reducing costs and passing the savings to customers.

- A broad player competes in all parts of the market.

- A niche player competes in selected parts of the market.


Which of these four statements best describes this competitor?

 Chester is a local broad cost leader.

 Chester is a global broad differentiator.

 Chester is a global niche cost leader.

 Chester is a global niche differentiator.
 

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29-07-22 | 18:23:52 pm
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What is the Profit Margin of Baldwin

What is the Profit Margin of Baldwin in Europe?

 34.9 %

 1.8 %

 0.1 %

 9.3 %
 

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29-07-22 | 18:20:36 pm
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Suppose that Baldwin will increase its automation

Suppose that Baldwin will increase its automation to 6.5 this year. Each new unit of automation costs $4 per unit of capacity. An additional $4 per point of automation applies to any new capacity. How much will this investment in automation cost?

 $24,500,000

 $28,000,000

 $49,000,000

 $56,000,000

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29-07-22 | 16:51:07 pm
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[SOLVED] Baldwin earned revenue of $100,881,315 and had expenses of $103,856,776.

Baldwin earned revenue of $100,881,315 and had expenses of $103,856,776. This will cause which of the following changes in equity?

 Equity will increase -$2,975,461

 Equity will decrease $103,856,776

 Equity will decrease -$2,975,461

 Equity will increase $100,881,315

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29-07-22 | 16:45:44 pm
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[SOLVED] Cake is a product of the Chester company which is primarily

Cake is a product of the Chester company which is primarily sold in the Americas Budget segment. Chester starts to create their sales forecast by assuming all policies (R&D, Marketing, and Production) for all competitors are equal this year over last. For this question assume that all 983,259 units of Cake in the Americas region are sold in the Americas Budget segment. If the competitive environment remains unchanged what will be the Cake's demand next year?

 1,499,470

 1,032,422

 983,259

 2,064,843

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29-07-22 | 16:38:56 pm
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[SOLVED] Andrews Corporation earned a profit of $35.496mil last year

Andrews Corporation earned a profit of $35.496mil last year. Andrews' profit would be placed in which category on the cash flow statement?

Select : 1

Save Answer

  •  Nowhere. Profits are not cash

  •  Cash flow from operations

  •  Cash flow from investing activities

  •  Cash flow from financing activities

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29-07-22 | 16:22:58 pm
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Chester Corporation’s cash flow statement shows an

Chester Corporation’s cash flow statement shows an increase in cash of -$656,733. Which of the following transactions contributed to the cash increase?

Select : 1

Save Answer

  •  A decrease in accounts payable of $1,264,781

  •  A decrease in accounts receivable of $595,114

  •  A decrease in long term bonds of $410,458

  •  An increase in inventory of $759,885

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29-07-22 | 16:13:55 pm
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On the Income Statement, which of the

On the Income Statement, which of the following would be classified as a fixed cost?

Select : 1

Save Answer

  •  Income Tax

  •  Labor Cost

  •  Material cost

  •  Promotion Expense

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29-07-22 | 16:11:01 pm
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[solved] As a low cost leader with a low tech focus, which of the following programs should be considered more important?

As a low cost leader with a low tech focus, which of the following programs should be considered more important?

Select : 2

Save Answer

  •  Concurrent Engineering

  •  Six Sigma

  •  Quality Deployment Effort

  •  Benchmarking

  •  Vendor/JIT

  •  CPI

  •  All of the above.

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29-07-22 | 15:44:11 pm
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[solved]Given Baldwin Corporation’s Q2 balance sheet, compute the missing balance sheet amounts:

Given Baldwin Corporation’s Q2 balance sheet, compute the missing balance sheet amounts: Cash $23,142,000 Accounts Receivable $7,655,000 Inventory $10,493,000 Plant & Equipment $152,883,000 Accumulated Depreciation ($51,209,000) Accounts Payable $5,834,000 Current Debt $29,719,000 Long Term Debt $59,518,000 Common Stock $26,626,000 Retained Earnings $21,268,000 Market Cap $48,893,000 Current Assets -?- Current Liabilities -?- Total Equity -?- Total Assets -?-

Select : 1

Save Answer

  •  Current Assets $63,523,000 Current Liabilities $54,696,000 Total Equity $73,683,000 Total Assets $219,945,000

  •  Current Assets $41,290,000 Current Liabilities $84,446,000 Total Equity $96,787,000 Total Assets $142,964,000

  •  Current Assets $33,635,000 Current Liabilities $35,553,000 Total Equity $47,894,000 Total Assets $101,674,000

  •  Current Assets $41,290,000 Current Liabilities $35,553,000 Total Equity $47,894,000 Total Assets $142,964,000

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29-07-22 | 15:30:19 pm
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[solved] The product manager for Chester's Elite product

The product manager for Chester's Elite product, City, is comparing his product to Digby's Elite product, Dino, in terms of reliability costs between the two. If it costs $0.30 per 1000 hours of MTBF, what is the difference in reliability cost per unit?

 

Select : 1

 

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 $1.50

 $1.82

 $2.00

 $1.25

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29-07-22 | 09:28:49 am
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[solved]Digby has a leverage of 1.81 This means that

Digby has a leverage of 1.81 This means that: (Assume leverage is calculated as Assets/Equity)

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  •  $1.81 of assets is funded with $1.00 of equity and $0.81 of debt.

  •  $1.81 of assets is funded with $1.00 of debt and $0.81 of equity.

  •  Assets are funded with 81% debt.

  •  Assets are funded with 81% equity.

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29-07-22 | 09:26:39 am
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[solved] Baldwin has a productivity index of 110.8%.

Baldwin has a productivity index of 110.8%. What does this mean?

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  •  The company needs 9.7% more people to do the same amount of work.

  •  The company needs 9.7% less people to do the same amount of work.

  •  The Workforce Complement increased by 9.7% last year.

  •  9.7% of the company’s workforce is working overtime.

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29-07-22 | 09:23:18 am
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[solved] Rank the following companies from high to low cumulative profit,

Rank the following companies from high to low cumulative profit, (in descending order, 1=highest, 4=lowest).

Select : 4

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  •  Baldwin

  •  Andrews

  •  Digby

  •  Chester

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29-07-22 | 09:17:37 am